- Lino Enea Spilimbergo
Lino Enea Spilimbergo (
12 August 1896– 16 March 1964) was an Argentine artist and engraver, considered to be one of the country's most important painters.
He was born in
Buenos Airesin 1896, the son of Italian immigrants, Antonio Enea Spilimbergo and María Giacoboni, and his full name was Lino Claro Honorio Enea Spilimbergo. His early years were spent in the Buenos Aires neighborhood of Palermo. Whilst visiting his mother's relatives in northern Italy with his family he contracted pneumonia, which in later years caused him to suffer from asthma. Returning to Buenos Aires in 1902 he started his schooling, which ended in 1910, when he began working for the post office to support himself. From then on, until 1924, he kept this job in parallel with his painting. In 1917 he graduated from the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes and in September of that year his father died.
At the age of 22 he began writing his autobiography, and in 1920 he wrote a booklet about his thoughts, in order to arrange and organize his life and work. In 1921 the Salón Nacional de Bellas Artes accepted, for the first time, one of his pieces and later that year, following the recommendation of his doctor to live in a place with a drier climate, his employer agreed to relocate him to Desamparados in San Juan Province. He stayed there until he resigned his job in 1924, and it was during this period that he had his first individual exhibition.
Using prize money he had won in an art exhibition, he traveled to Europe in 1925 and visited
Florence, Venice, Palermoand other Italian cities in search of classical art sources, paying particular attention to frescos. He then moved to Pariswhere he studied in the studio of the French painter, sculptor and writer André Lhoteand came under the influence of post-cubism and the work of Paul Cézanne. In 1928 he returned to Argentina to live in Las Lomitas, San Juan Province, and in 1929 his son Antonio was born. A year later he moved back to Buenos Aires and in 1933, together with the Mexican artist David Alfaro Siqueirosand the Argentine artists Antonio Berniand Lozano produced the mural entitled "Ejercicio Plástico". To explain their principles and ideas, the group produced a document under the same title. The involvement in this work was a decisive event in Spilimbergo's life and marked the start of his career as a muralist.
In 1945, together with Berni,
Juan Carlos Castagnino, Manuel Colmeiro Guimarásand Demetrio Urruchúa, he was one of the contributors to the frescos which decorate the large central cupola of Galerías Pacíficoin Florida Street, Buenos Aires.
During his years as a painter, Spilimbergo developed a very personal synthesis of diverse styles, in particular the classical and the modern. From the post-impressionism of his first period, dominated by landscapes and local scenes, he later passed on to a study of the human figure. His figures were solid and monumental and the surreal and metaphorical often found its way into his works. His subjects included the marginalised and the disinherited, from the slum dwellers of Buenos Aires to the rural workers of the northern provinces.
He taught art at Instituto de Arte Gráfico during the period 1934–1939 where his students included Medardo Pantoja (1906-1976),
Eolo Pons(1914) and Leopoldo Presas (1915). Spilimbergo's pictures were widely exhibited in Latin America, the United States and Europe during this period.
Spilimbergo died in 1964 in the small town of
Unquilloin Córdoba Province, where he had lived since 1952.
* [http://www.fundacionspilimbergo.org Fundación Spilimbergo] .
* Alberto Belluci, An Approach to Social Realism in Argentine Art: 1875-1945, J. Decorative & Propaganda Arts, Argentine Theme Issue, 1992.
* Diana B. Wechsler, La Vida de Emma en El Taller de Spilimbergo, (Buenos Aires: Fundacíon Osde, 2006).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Lino Enea Spilimbergo — Nacionalidad … Wikipedia Español
Lino Enea Spilimbergo — (12 de agosto de 1896, Buenos Aires † 16 de marzo de 1964 Unquillo) es considerado uno de los grandes maestros del arte argentino, su nombre completo era Lino Claro Honorio Enea Spilimbergo, siendo Enea su primer apellido. Nació en la ciudad de… … Enciclopedia Universal
Jorge Enea Spilimbergo — Nacimiento 25 de septiembre de 1928 Buenos Aires … Wikipedia Español
Lino (desambiguación) — Lino puede referirse a: Linum usitatissimum, una planta herbácea de la familia de las lináceas. El nombre común de la planta Linum suffruticosum. También es el nombre de los siguientes personajes: Lino, Papa desde el año 67 al 76. Lino,… … Wikipedia Español
Pintura de Argentina — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Murales en las Galerías Pacífico de Buenos Aires: Lino Enea Spilimbergo, Demetrio Urruchúa, Antonio Berni … Wikipedia Español
Ernesto Soneira — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ernesto Soneira Fotografía de Ernesto Soneira Nombre real Ernesto Timoteo Soneira Nacimiento 06 de enero de … Wikipedia Español
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (Argentina) — Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes) Frente del MNBA. Información geográfica … Wikipedia Español
Unquillo — Bandera de Unquillo Bandera Escudo de Unquillo Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Lorenzo Domínguez — (1901 1963)Lorenzo Domínguez (Santiago de Chile 1901 Mendoza, Argentina 1963) was a prolific Latin American sculptor whose art is a deliberate and personal synthesis of pre Columbian and Rapa Nui (Easter Island) aesthetics with a European… … Wikipedia
Lorenzo Domínguez Villar — Lorenzo Domínguez (Santiago de Chile, 15 de mayo de 1901 Mendoza, Argentina, 21 de marzo de 1963) fue un prolífico escultor latinoamericano, un artista capaz de sintetizar de manera personal la estética de la cultura precolombina latinoamericana … Wikipedia Español