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Aristobulus (reigned 104-103 BC) was a king of the Hebrew Hasmonean Dynasty, and the eldest of the five sons of King
John Hyrcanus. He was the first of the Hasmonean rulers to call himself "king." According to the Hebrew Scriptures, only descendants of Judah, or, more specifically, the House of David, were qualified to be kings of Israel. All of Aristobulus' predecessors used the title of "nasi"/"president".
According to the directions of John Hyrcanus, the government of the country after his death was to be placed in the hands of his wife, and Aristobulus was originally to receive only the high-priesthood. He was not however satisfied with this, so he cast his mother into prison and allowed her to starve there. By this means he came into the possession of the throne, which, however, he did not long enjoy, as after a year's reign he died of a painful illness (103 BC). He was hostile to the Pharisees and pursued them with ruthlessness.
Aristobulus' successor was his eldest brother,
Alexander Jannæus, who, together with his two brothers, was freed from prison by Queen [Salome Alexandra|Shelomit [Salome] Alexandra] , the widow of Aristobulus.
Aristobulus II(67-63 BC)
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ARISTOBULUS II — (d. 49 B.C.E.), younger son of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra. Aristobulus, who was the last independent Hasmonean king, reigned from 67 to 63 B.C.E. Toward the end of Salome s reign, Aristobulus made himself the spokesman of the Sadducees … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ARISTOBULUS — (c. 35 B.C.E.–7 B.C.E.), son of herod and mariamne . Of Hasmonean lineage, both Aristobulus and his elder brother alexander were regarded as eventual heirs to the throne. The two were sent to Rome for their education. After his return to Judea,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ARISTOBULUS I — (Judah), king of Judea 104–103 B.C.E.; eldest son of john hyrcanus i . According to his father s will Aristobulus was to become high priest while his mother was to receive the throne. However, not content merely with the priestly office,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Aristobulus II — was the Jewish High Priest and King of Judea, 66 BC to 63 BC, from the Hasmonean Dynasty.FamilyAristobulus was the younger son of Alexander Jannaeus, King and High Priest, and Alexandra Salome. After the death of Alexander in 76 BC, his widow… … Wikipedia
Aristobulus IV — (31 BCE 7 BCE) was a prince of Judea from the , and was married to his cousin, Berenice, daughter of Costobar and Salome. He was the son of Herod the Great and his second wife, Mariamne I, the last of the Hasmoneans, and was thus a descendant of… … Wikipedia
ARISTOBULUS II — ARISTOBULUS II. fil. Alexandri Iannaei, Rex Iudaeorum, Hircanô maiore natu fratre victô. Cui suppetias veniens Aretas, Arabum Rex, Aristobutum in templo Hierosolymitan. obsedit, sed a Scauro, Pompeiano Duce, recedere coactus est. Uterque ergo… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Aristobulus  — Aristobulus, Judas, der erste makkabäische Fürst, der den Königstitel annahm (107–105 v. Chr.). – A. II., Enkel des vorigen, Sohn des Alexander Jannäus, stritt mit seinem Bruder Hyrkanus um den Thron; Pompejus, der damals in Asien schaltete,… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Aristobulus  — Aristobulus, ein jüd. Gelehrter im 2. Jahrh. nach Chr., alexandrinisch jüd. Philosoph, suchte zu beweisen, daß die Weisheit der Griechen aus dem A. Test. geschöpft sei; die neuere Kritik behauptet, der Name A. sei von einem spätern Juden seinem… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
ARISTOBULUS I — ARISTOBULUS I. cognomine Philcleus, Iudaeorum Rex, fil. Iohannis Hircani, Principis et Sacerdotis Summi successit Patri, A. M. 3951. iunxitque diadema tiarae. Vivô adhuc Parente, Samariae habitavit, et Antiochi Cyziceni copias fudit. Dein… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
ARISTOBULUS — I. ARISTOBULUS Aristobuli fil. inter comites Alexandri fuit, et de rebus ab eo gestis Historiam perscripsit, teste Arrianô initiô l. 1. cuius et Plut. saepe meminit in Alexandro; multaque ex illo de rebus Indicis adfert Strabo l. 15. Non dubium… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale