King Charles Spaniel

King Charles Spaniel

Infobox Dogbreed
akcgroup = Toy
akcstd =
altname = English Toy Spaniel

ankcgroup = Group 1 Toys
ankcstd =
ckcgroup = Group 5 - Toys
ckcstd =
country = England
fcigroup = 9
fcinum = 128
fcisection = 7
fcistd =
kcukgroup = Toy
kcukstd =
name = King Charles Spaniel

nzkcgroup = Toy
nzkcstd =
ukcgroup = Companion Breeds
ukcstd =
The King Charles Spaniel (also known as the English Toy Spaniel) is a breed of small dog of the Spaniel type. The similar Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a different breed. The Cavalier is more closely related to Cocker Spaniels in appearance, while the King Charles Spaniel is more closely related to the Pug.



The English Toy Spaniel is a compact, cobby and essentially square toy dog possessed of a short-nosed, domed head, a merry and affectionate demeanor and a silky, flowing coat. The ears of the King Charles Spaniel are very long and set low and close to the head, fringed with heavy feathering.


Like its larger cousin, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, the King Charles Spaniel has a silky, often slightly wavy coat. It tends to be shorter than that of Cavaliers.

This breed also comes in the same color varieties as the Cavalier: Blenheim (red-and-white), Prince Charles (tricolor), King Charles (black-and-tan), and Ruby (solid red). [ [ English Toy Spaniel Club of America] ] Originally, each of these color patterns was regarded as a separate breed, but in the late 1800s the four varieties were consolidated into a single breed.

The American Kennel Club has two classes: English Toy Spaniel (B/PC) (Blenheim and Prince Charles) and English Toy Spaniel (R/KC).


Toy spaniels were a favorite pet lap dog in Europe, with each family having its favorite. Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland (1630 – 1685) was very fond of this type of dog, which is why the dogs of today carry his name, although there is no evidence that today's breed descended from his particular dogs. With the expansion of trade in the 17th and 18th centuries, pugs and other dogs arrived from other parts of the world, and became popular pets; this led to breeding with the spaniel lap dogs. The ancestry of the pug is seen in the shorter muzzle of the King Charles Spaniel. [ History, from the English Toy Spaniel Rescue] ] The King Charles Spaniel was recognized in North America as the English Toy Spaniel, apparently in order to prevent confusion with the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. There is no evidence that any serious fancier in the UK ever confused the two.


The King Charles Spaniel may have health problems such as heart defects, eye problems, patellar luxation (kneecap slipping), and fused toes, which can cause incorrectly grown toenails. They tend to live 10 to 12 years. [ [ Canine Inherited Disorders Database, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island] ]

The King Charles Spaniel and the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel have similar health issues. See the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel health section for more information.

See also

* Pug
* Companion dog
* Companion Dog Group
* Toy Group


External links

* [ English Toy Spaniel Club of America]
* [ King Charles Spaniel Club (Vic) Inc.]

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