- Brazilian rock
Infobox Music genre
name = Brazilian rock|bgcolor = navy
color = white
stylistic_origins = North American and British
rock music, samba, forróand other Brazilian genres
cultural_origins = Brazil in late 1950s; fusion genres from the late 1960s
Electric guitar, bass guitar, drums, percussion, acoustic guitar, keyboards
popularity = In Brazil, large in the mid-1960s and from 1982 to the present and some popularity in the 70's; in Japan since the 1970s; popularity in
Spanish Americabeginning in the mid 1980s; currently in the world with Hardcore, Sepultura, Soulfly, Metal and Cansei de Ser Sexyphenomenon.
Samba rock, Forrocore, Mangue Bit
Brazilian rock refers to
rock musicproduced in Braziland usually sung in Portuguese. Brazilian rock has one of the most important histories.Rock entered the Brazilian scene in 1956, with the screening of the film " The Blackboard Jungle", featuring Bill Haley's " Rock Around the Clock", which would later be covered by the singer Nora Ney[cite web | last = Cravo Albin | first = Ricardo | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Dicionário Cravo Albin da Música Popular Brasileira | work = | publisher = Instituto Cultural Cravo Albin | date = | url = http://www.dicionariompb.com.br/detalhe.asp?nome=Nora+Ney&tabela=T_FORM_A&qdetalhe=art | format = | doi = | accessdate = 2007-04-22 ] and have a Portuguese version. In 1957 Miguel Gustavowrote the first original rock 'n' roll song "Rock and roll em Copacabana", recorded by Cauby Peixoto. The song was #52 in the year's charts [cite web | last = | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Hot100Brasil | work = | publisher = Hot100Brasil | date = | url = http://www.hot100brasil.com/timemachine1957.html | format = | doi = | accessdate = 2007-04-22 ] . Other rock artists of the 1950s were Celly Campeloand Sergio Murilo, singing covers and versions from the United Statesand Italy.
The electric guitar already was used in Brazil in 1948, in
BahiaState, Salvadorcity, by Dodô e Osmar: they invented the famous "pau elétrico" - the first electric guitar without microphonic feedback, with its typical acute color characteristic and sustained sound, no more similar to the previous jazzistic electric guitar models (then they developed another with two arms) and in 1949 they played carnival songs with this guitar at the first time in an open car named then " Trio Elétrico" on the Salvador streets (today in the big trucks with a very robust sound).
Throughout the 1960s rock music was marginalized as crude and imperialistic. This stance led several
MPBartists to participate in a protest that would later be called the "passeata contra a guitarra elétrica" ("demonstration against the electric guitar")cite book | last = Araújo | first = Paulo César de | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Roberto Carlos em detalhes | publisher = Editora Planeta do Brasil | date = 2006 | location = São Paulo | pages = | url = | doi = | id = ISBN 85-7665-225-5 ] . Thanks to the combined influence of Tropicália, The Beatlesand the increasing acceptance of electric guitars, this position diminished to the point that Clube da Esquinacould produce Beatles-influenced songs and still be regarded as "serious music".
During the 1980s, a new generation of rockers influenced by punk, post-punk and new wave, positioning themselves against MPB (much as punk did against
progressive rock)cite book | last = Dapieve | first = Arthur | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = BRock - o rock brasileiro dos anos 80 | publisher = DBA | date = 2000 | location = São Paulo | pages = | url = | doi = | id = ISBN 85-7234-253-2 ] achieved mainstream success, even producing the best selling album in Brazilian history: Rádio Pirata ao vivoby RPM sold about 2,200,000 copies. The initial antagonism turned to cross-pollination when MPBmusicians ( João Gilberto, Caetano Veloso, Ney Matogrosso) recorded songs by the new bands, while the latter experimented with fusions between Rock, Forró, Samba, Reggaeand Bossa novacite book | last = Motta | first = Nelson | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Noites Tropicais | publisher = Objetiva | date = 2001 | location = Rio de Janeiro | pages = | url = | doi = | id = ISBN 85-7302-292-2 ] .
Actually the most popular artists from the early times are
Roberto Carlosand Raul Seixas. From the recent times names like Angra, Sepulturaand Legião Urbanaare the most liked.
Miguel Gustavowrote the first original rock 'n' roll song " Rock and roll em Copacabana", recorded by Cauby Peixotoand #52 on the year's charts.
In Brazil many bands continued to perform translations of English lyrics, though many avoided this problem by playing
instrumental rock. Inspired by such instrumental bands Duane Eddyand The Champs, 1958 saw the release of the first Brazilian instrumental rock song, "Here's the Blue Jean Rockers" by The Blue Jean Rockers. Later that year, Bolão & His Rockettesrecorded the first purely instrumental LP. This helped make rock the most popular style of Brazilian youth music. More bands, like The Avalons, The Clevers, The Rebels (brazilian band), The Jordans, The Jet Blacks, The Pops, Os Populares, The Bells (brazilian band), The Lions (band)and The Youngs, arose.
1959 was a breakthrough year for
Brazilian rock and rollas its pioneers emerged and became true stars. Out of thousands of performers, Nora Ney, Nick Savoia, Celly Campelo, Tony Campelo, Lana Bittencourt, Demetrius (brazilian rocker), Cinderella, Regiane, Ronnie Cordand Hamilton de Giorgioclimbed to success seemingly overnight. A number of instrumental bands like The Avalons, The Rebels (brazilian band), The Jordansand " Os incríveis" became girls´ heart-throbs. They enjoyed the same success in Brazil as the Beatles did in Europe and America years later.
Jackson do Pandeirohit, "Chiclete com Banana" (Gum with Banana) (music of Gordurinha and Almira Castilho), was the first song that try to make a cross between Brazilian music with North American Rock and rollor Boogie Woogie.
Right after rock'n'roll took America by storm,
Bill Haleyand Elvis Presleyalso became liberating icons for Brazilian youth. The youth of Brazil felt that they were under sexual and educational oppression, as Brazilian society had been based on the standards and rules of the Catholic churchcolonization. For example, looking at a strange boy or girl in public meant falling into public disgrace. With the advent of rock'n'roll, the Brazilian world began to change. Teenagers were not "only to be seen but not heard" anymore. However, the youth's first reaction was violent. Many movie theaters were totally wrecked during the showing of rock'n'roll movies. This went on for a couple of years until finally the young people decided that if American kids could do it, why couldn't they? So, some radio disc-jockeys and recording companies set out to find new talents that could not only sing but who would also do it in perfect English.
This new social era led to a total transformation of customs, and outlived many other attempts to keep Brazil's social structure rooted in the older traditions and religious dogmas.
Raul Seixasstill in Salvador, Bahia- where he began to play rock'n'roll influenced by Elvis Presleymusic already by the final 1950s but with the incentive of the regional Luiz Gonzagamusic too - formed the first rock band from this city in 1965, The Panthersand then Raulzito e os Panteras.
In 1963, Roberto Carlos had two hits: "Splish Splash" (Portuguese lyrics by
Erasmo Carlosfor the Bobby Darinsong) and Parei na contramão, the first Roberto Carlos/Erasmo Carlos collaboration. Roberto and Erasmo created a style that was named Jovem Guardathen. The beginning of the Jovem Guarda, with Roberto Carlos, Erasmo Carlosand Wanderlea(a woman singer), was as a kind of Brazilian version of the North American garage bands in the 60's but with a bit of Motownsoul influence, from Otis Reddingfor example. Also Ronnie Vonstarted his career with the garage influence of Jovem Guardaand his work uleashed on the psychedelic style and he was who suggested the name of the band, Os Mutantes. Jerry Adrianiis identified like Jovem Guardatoo, but his influence on Brazilian rock is great with his Italian rock/pop style: he brought Raul Seixasfrom Salvador, Bahia, to success afterwards in Rio de Janeiroand influenced, for example, one of the best singer of B-rock, Renato Russoin the 1980s, from Legião Urbanaband. About Jovem Guardasee also Eduardo Araújoand his wife Sylvinha Araújo, Martinha, Os Incríveis, Golden Boys, Os Vips, The Fevers. Jorge Benjor(then Jorge Ben) had several hits and transited between Jovem Guardaand a new form of playing guitar, with a rhythmic form that he invented. This new style was named Samba-rock. See also Banda Black Rio, Trio Mocotó, Luiz Wagner, Bebeto (musician), Orlandivoand Wilson Simonal.
The Bubbles, arose in 1965 from Rio de Janeiro, was the link between the garage rock of Jovem Guardaand the Psychedelia. In São Paulothere was the band Os Baobásthat recorded songs of the Kinks, Love (band), Turtles (band)and Rolling Stoneswhen this bands were still in the beginning of their activities. From the 1960s is also Os Primitivoswith a mix of Byrdsstyle with Brazilian northeast folk music.
In the legendary show named
Opiniãofrom 1964, the first Brazilian genuine musical, Zé Kétirepresented the black people, João do Valethe northeast guy and Nara Leão(then substituted by Maria Bethânia) represents the woman from the Brazilian high society. The inovattive proposal of this show changed the Brazilian music forever from that post Bossa Novaperiod because introduced other Brazilian genres in the pop music. Sometimes with the protest characteristic the MPB( Música Popular Brasileira) base was formed: Chico Buarque, Edu Lobo, Geraldo Vandré, Sérgio Ricardo, Eumir Deodato, Roberto Menescal, MPB4, Quarteto em Cy, and Joyce (singer), arising from Bossa Nova, in spite of the music is not rock, their collaboration is important on almost all popular urban genres, including the rock. In 1969, Marcos Valle, that belonged to the second generation of the Bossa Nova, change his style to a Psychedelic rockand Soul musicBrazilian concept, and his brother Paulo Sérgio Vallewent in a similar way. Sidney Milleris a very important musician for the MPB transformation process because he included the rock and the 60s and 70s international pop in his music.
Tropicáliamovement turned the psychedelic rock and the use of electric instruments more popular in the Brazilian music. Some "tropicalistas" were: Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Tom Zé, Gal Costa, Rogério Duprat, Torquato Neto, Nara Leão, etc... The seminal "tropicalista" Os Mutantesinfluenced and tended for the psychedelic rock'n'roll and is one reference for several relevant bands and musicians in the world.
The already mentioned "
Clube da Esquina", a group of friends from Minas Gerais, one of the most culturally prolific regions from Brazil, was joined with the Tropicáliaresponsible for the diffusion on bigger scale by the electrification of the pop music, with a universal, but Brazilian proposal. Some musicians from this group are: Milton Nascimento, Lô Borges, Toninho Horta, Beto Guedes, Novelli, Nelson Ângelo, Tavinho Mouraand the band Som Imaginário.
70's and the end of the prejudice
The 70's started with the
Progressive rock, the Hard rockand Glam rock, but is the period of the construction of the mutual interference between Brazilian pop music, " Música Popular Brasileira", and the rock. Rita Lee(ex- Mutantes) started her own work with her band Tutti Frutti like a Brazilian Glam rockaesthetic. See also Casa das Máquinaswith its music between Glam-hard-rock and Progressive, Patrulha do Espaçobetween Progressive and Hard rock, Made in Brazil (band)with its Hard rock (but in some songs already with the minimal characteristic of Punk rock), the pure Hard rock of Bixo de Sêda, and Edy Star, with his pure Glam rock.
There were many
Progressive rockbands in Brazil, such as O Terço, A Bolha(Hard rock with Progressive mix), Módulo 1000, A Barca do Sol, Som Nosso de Cada Dia, Vímanaand Bacamarte, which were very well-known in Europe and the US by progressive fans. The Progressive rock band Som Imagináriohad an experimental characteristic: Jazz, Bossa nova, Contemporary music, Impressionist musicwith the traditional Folk and Baroquefrom Minas GeraisState resulting in a kind of a Brazilian Art rockversion, and with renowned musicians: Wagner Tiso, Zé Rodrix, Tavito, Luiz Alves, Frederyko(Fredera).
The "carioca" (from Rio de Janeiro city)
Azimuth (band), was formed in 1969 and is the Jazz rockside of this generation, but is responsible of the Brazilian pop music development too. There are great musicians that can add up here: Airto Moreira, Flora Purim, Hermeto Paschoal, André Geraissati, Egberto Gismonti, Grupo D'Almaand Sérgio Mendes(with Funkinfluence too).
Other bands and musicians of the period mixed rock with Brazilian pop music:
Secos & Molhados(identified as glam rock too), Raul Seixas, Novos Baianos, A Cor do Som, Robertinho do Recifeand an union of Caetano Veloso, Gal Costa, Maria Bethâniaand Gilberto Gilin the show named Doces Bárbaros. After the end of Secos & Molhados João Ricardo (musician)continued his career and his first album was all glam, Ney Matogrossowas a pop hit and Gérson Conradwas constructing an alternative career. Other musicians - that helped to turn the traditional Brazilian music more flexible, with powerful rock or pop influences - were a relative hit too, like Alceu Valença, Geraldo Azevedo, Belchior, Gonzaguinha, Zé Ramalho, Raimundo Fagner, Luiz Melodia, Boca Livreand after the end of Novos Baianos, Baby Consuelo(then Baby do Brasil), Pepeu Gomesand Moraes Moreira, but there were musicians that made a more experimental mix, who didn't have the same good luck in their careers and access to the media, and because of this are known as "malditos", the darns, but at a later time they will be an important reference for the second Brazilian alternative scene - they are: Ednardo, Walter Franco, Jorge Mautner, Jards Macalé, Taiguara, Arnaldo Baptista( Mutantes) and Sérgio Sampaio. Marku Ribasis the side more Black musicof this group and was Bob Marley's friend in the 1970s, Jamaica, where he lived. On the other hand, Tim Maia, directly influenced by Soul musicside of the Jovem Guarda, made several hits and his style influenced bands like Placa Luminosaand Skowa e a Máfiain the 80s.
From that time a genre named
Rock Ruralhad in the Brazilian folk musicand the rock its influence and some expressive artists are Zé Rodrix, Sá & Guarabira, Ruy Maurity Trio, Almôndegasand others... A more radical Brazilian folk (that can get muddled with the rock), a weighty influence in the Brazilian rock then, is found in Dércio Marques, Elomar, Xangai, Sérgio Reis, the singer Diana Pequeno, and afterward, already in the beginning of the 1980s, Almir Saterand Renato Teixeira. Even more radical is Marlui Miranda, an expert in the Brazilian indian musicand despite her music isn't rock in the classic form, the creative folk music that she makes is a great contribution to the alternative aesthetic, at a later time.
There were some efforts to realize festivals in Brazil in the 1970s. In 1971 the "Festival de Verão de Guarapari" (Guarapari Summer Festival), a beach city in the
Espírito SantoState, tried to be a great counterculturemeeting but with mistakes in the organization of the event - however is historic, with the shows of Milton Nascimentoand Som Imaginário, A Bolha, Novos Baianos, Luiz Gonzagaand Tony Tornado. A fresh attempt was the "Primeiro Festival de Iacanga" (First Iacanga Festival - São Paulo State - 1975), in a big farm, with a better structure, a milestone of the Brazilian undeground, with the bands: Jazzco, Apokalypsis (band), Som Nosso de Cada Dia, Moto Perpétuo, Ursa Maior (band), Rock da Mortalha, Orquestra Azul, and others. The first Hollywood Rockhappened in Rio, 1975 too, with the shows of Raul Seixas, Rita Lee, O Terço, Vímanaand others. There were two great international shows in Brazil in the 1970s: Alice Cooper(1974) and Genesis(1977).
Disco music, that arrived in Brazil in the half of the 1970s, influenced some rockers like Rita Leeand Zé Rodrix. As Fenéticas(women band) were an instant phenomenon with its mix of Brazilian rock and disco.
In the final 70's, the progressive influence still was felt in
Guilherme Arantesand 14 Bis (Band).
Brazilian punk rockscene was born in the middle 70's in São Pauloand Brasíliawith Joelho de Porco, AI-5, Condutores de Cadáveres, Restos do Nada, Aborto Elétrico. The first show was in 1978 in São Paulo and the punk "boom" was when the 80's began, with Inocentes, Cólera, Ratos de Porão, Garotos Podres, Plebe Rude, Ignoze, Olho Sêco, Mercenárias(an all women band), Lobotomia, M-19 (Band), Fogo Cruzado, a representavive of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeirocity, Coquetel Molotov (band), a representative of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegrecity, Os Replicantes, a representative of the State of Pernambuco, Recifecity, Devotos(or Devotos do Ódio), a representative of the Curitibacity, State of Paraná, Beijo AA Força, and many others, most from São Paulocity.
The first records from the end of 1970's to the 1980s were issued by dint of the demo-tapes because Brazil was living a dictatorial regime (until 1985) and there was the rebuke. Since the beginning, the Brazilian punk music style was more for
Jello Biafrathan Sex Pistols, that is, it was more for Hardcore punk. An independent label was created in the beginning of the 1980s, Punk Rock Discos, and the Lixomaniasingle was the first record of an individual band of a Brazilian punk band, in 1982, with six songs; from the same independent label, in the same year, a first Brazilian LP of punk bands appeared, Grito Suburbanoalbum, with three bands from São Paulo city: Cólera, Olho Sêco and Inocentes. Some of these first registers are rarities and well paid by the collectors in Europe and Japan. The Brazilian punk rock gained visibility in the international media also in 1982 with " O Começo do Fim do Mundo", a festival that gathered peacefully the rival gangs for the first time, and it is one of the biggest punk festivals of the world until today. Tokyo, the Supla's band, in 1985 released its first LP in one big label, and then, Inocentes and Replicantes recorded with a big label too, in 1986, when the Brazilian punk scene was already growing colder. In 1986 Cólera was the first Brazilian punk band to make international shows, and then, Ratos de Porão. In the 90's the punk returned to the scene. Some examples of bands: Flicts, Zumbis do Espaço, Ludovic (band), Mukeka di Rato, Blind Pigs(today Porcos Cegos), Carbona (band), Ação Direta (band), Ack (brazilian band), Gritando HC, Nitrominds, Tequila Baby, Dominatrix (feminist band), Motores, Sweet Suburbia. Wander Wildner, that passed by one of the more influential Rio Grande do Sul Punk rockbands, Os Replicantes, released his solo debut in 1996 with a creative punk fusion that he named "Punk-brega".
The early Brazilian punk scene was immortalized on the documentary "Botinada: A Origem do Punk no Brasil" directed by Gastão Moreira.
BRock - the 1980s boom
Even though the 1960s witnessed the phenomenon of
Jovem Guardaand the 1970s saw the appearance of many prolific artists, like Raul Seixas, and bands like Os Mutantes, Brazilian rock's explosion began in 1981 with the first expressions of the Brazilian New Wave, later renamed "the New Jovem Guarda" by the media. The Punk rock already was incorporated but the Skawas the news. The alterations of the English New Wave movement, with its surprising variety of styles, arrived in Brazilthrough groups and personalities such as the Gang 90, Blitz, Camisa de Vênus, Barão Vermelho, Kid Abelha, Paralamas do Sucesso, Ritchie (musician), Kid Vinil, Fausto Fawcett, Lulu Santos, Radio Taxi, Sempre Livre, Magazine (brazilian band), Marina Lima, Dr. Silvana & Cia., Absyntho, Eduardo Dusek, Kiko Zambianchi, Hanói Hanói, Hojerizah, Engenheiros do Hawaii, RPM, Metrô (band), Uns e Outros, Grafitti (band), Ultraje a Rigor, Legião Urbana, Ira!, Titãs, Capital Inicial, Nenhum de Nós, Biquini Cavadão, Lobão& Os Ronaldos, Heróis da Resistência, Neusinha Brizola, Léo Jaimeand João Penca& Miquinhos Amestrados[Behague, Gerard. "Rap, Reggae, Rock, or Samba: The Local and the Global in Brazilian Popular Music (1985-95)." Latin American Music Review 27, no. 1 (Spring/Summer 2006): 79-90.] . The Rock in Riotook over a million people to "Cidade do Rock" (where the event was held) during the ten days of the event, and established Brazil as a venue for international artists - some artists, like Santana and Queen, had come before this event, but the number of international attractions rose abruptly after Rock In Rio.
The underground scene had - Post-punk with Jazz, Funk, Folk, Rap, Reggae, Dodecaphonic and Atonal experience - experimental bands and musicians such as
Arrigo Barnabé, Itamar Assumpção, Robson Borba, Zero (brazilian band), Violeta de Outono, Grupo Rumo, Tetê Espíndola, Eliete Negreiros, Patife Band, Fellini (band), Tiago Araripe, Akira S & as Garotas que Erraram, Vzyadoc Moe, Voluntários da Pátria, Gueto (band), Os Mulheres Negras- this group was identified as São Paulo Vanguard or "Vanguarda Paulistana", from the beginning of the 1980s - and on the other hand had Hard rock, Punk rockand Heavy Metal bands such as Golpe de Estado, Viper, Korsus, Ratos de Porão, Mammoth (Band)and Karismafrom São Paulo State, De Falla (band)(pioneer in the funk-rock mix too) from Rio Grande do SulState, Sepulturafrom Minas GeraisState and Dorsal Atlântica, Rio de Janeiro State, from the mid to late 1980s - this last, the pioneer in the unification of this three styles of hard music. But the one of the first bands of extreme metalfrom Brazil is the "mineira" (from Minas Gerais) Sarcófagothat arose in 1985. The female Thrash Metalband Volkanafounded in 1987, from Brasília, could compete with a lot of much more known all girl bands in other countries.
This movement is seen as a reflection of the worldview of urban youth who had grown up under a dictatorial regime and faced such processes as industrial expansion, and family deterioration. This is the same generation that enjoyed the democratic "abertura" (opening) and began to absorb rather quickly an infinite amount of new information, previously inaccessible. The universe of that generation appeared rich in diversity, implying a desire to enjoy the present. [Behague, Gerard. "Rap, Reggae, Rock, or Samba: The Local and the Global in Brazilian Popular Music (1985-95)." Latin American Music Review 27, no. 1 (Spring/Summer 2006): 79-90.]
In the 1980s and beginning of the 1990s another group that mixes electronic music scene up appeared - in
Santos (São Paulo), Campinas, São Pauloand Rio de Janeirocities - Electronic post-punk, Industrial, EBM, Technopop, and the similar genres - and some bands and artists are well-known in Europe: Loop B, Harry (band), Sicilian Unit, Individual Industry, Biopsy (band), Simbolo, City Limits (band), Inhumanoids (band), Morgue (band), Suba, etc... .
Two musicians and singer songwriters,
Renato Russofrom Legião Urbanaand Cazuzafrom Barão Vermelho, begun a brilliant solo career from the 1980s to the 1990s, but were HIVfatal victims.
In modern times, the 1990s saw a resurgence in instrumental rock's popularity, and some of the classic bands from previous decades reformed.
Surf musicalso became popular, especially The Argonauts, The Gasolinesand Os Ostras. The Hard rock had in 1993 a new representative in Brazil, Dr. Sin, and the Heavy metal had two debuts: in 1990 Torture Squadand in 1991 Angra (band)- all from São Paulo. But none of these styles could keep up with the new bands who were a large success, like Raimundos(which was formed in the late 1980s, but only released its first album in 1994) with its Forrocorestyle, Skank and O Rappawith a kind of reggae-rock, Pato Futhe first band with the new alternative characteristic to arrive in the mainstream, and Charlie Brown Jr.in later years with its rock added to the rap. The band Mamonas Assassinaswas a great hit with humour and rock and its members died in an tragic plane accident (1996). Also Jota Questmet with the success in the firt album, 1996, and arrived with a pop-rock-funk and made several hits.
From the end of the 1980s to beginning of the 1990s names like
Velhas Virgens, Killing Chainsaw, Pelvs, Cascavelletes, Graforréia Xilarmônica, Yo-Ho Delic, TNT (brazilian band), Virna Lisi (band), Planet Hemp, Dead Fish, Garage Fuzz, Mechanics (band), Cascadura, Pin Ups (band), Boi Mamão, brincando de deus, Little Quail and The Mad Birds, Walverdes, Maria Angélica, Tianastácia, Penélope, Second Come, Dash (band), Lacertae, Snooze (band), Júpiter Maçãand Karnak (band)are proeminent. This moment can be called the first Brazilian independent or alternative scene. It was the Grungeand Britpoptimes, the Hardcore development, distortion colors and the return to Punk. The independent festival Junta Triboin Campinascity in 1993 and 1994 and M2000, a great beach festival in Santos (São Paulo), in 1994, were a milestone and turned the independent attitude a new option.
MTV BrasilUnplugged format brought back bands whose career were considered over, like the Titãs in 1996, Capital Inicial in 2000 and, more recently, Ira! in 2004 and Lobão in 2007.
In the beginning of 90's there was the
Manguebeat(or Mangue Bit) movement that put Recifecity definitively as one of principal places that has an important modern rock scene. Its style is a cross between the local rhythms, like Maracatú, and Rock, Hip Hop and Electronic music . From this movement are Chico Science & Nação Zumbi(with the death of Chico Science the name passed to be Nação Zumbi), Mundo Livre S/A, Fred 04, DJ Dolores, Stella Campos, Otto (musician)etc... Kurt Cobainafter his shows in Brazil with Nirvana (band)in 1993 helped spread the Brazilian rock in the world.
Between final 90's and beginning of the current century are relevant
Los Hermanosthat is a noteworthy reference to the independent bands, Cássia Ellera woman that recorded several songs of the Brazilian rock musicians and suddenly died in 2001, Pittythat has a good woman bandleader and vocal, and Lobão(that in the 80's was mainstream) started his independent career and is obtaining a brilliant result, and the singer of Sepultura, Max Cavalera, left the band and started Soulflywith the same powerful Heavy Metal.
The important hardcore scene from
Brasíliacontinued in this period with Raimundosand Rumbora. In the highlight of the Raimundos, Rodolfo Abrantes, the vocal, decided to go out and assembled a new band, Rodox, in 2002, but they continued with the typical creative explosion of hardcore into the end of the band, in 2004. Melodic hardcoreis currently one of the most popular rock genres of the country: bands like CPM 22, ForFun, Fresno, Detonautasand Hateenoften hit high spots on the hit parade, thanks mostly to heavy airplay on Brazilian MTV.Ultimately in Brazilian rock scene the bands that most gained attention were NX Zeroand Strike (brazilian band).
The boundary between the
MPB- " Música Popular Brasileira" - and the international pop and rock was largely broken in the 1990s with Chico César, Fernanda Abreu, Paula Morelenbaum, Lenine( Osvaldo Lenine Macedo Pimentel), Luiz Tatit, Paulinho Moska, Ed Motta, Badi Assad, Marisa Monte, Carlinhos Brown, Arnaldo Antunes(ex Titãs), Nando Reis( Titãs), Zeca Baleiro, Lula Queiroga, Jair Oliveira, Wilson Simoninha, Marina Machado, Bebel Gilberto, Pedro Marianoand Max de Castroand now in a more definitive form. By the 2000s is already very difficult to distinguish or to know what is Rock, what is MPB (Brazilian pop music) or another genre, with the Brazilian alternative aesthetic of this generation. This new fusion is encountered too in Dante Ozzetti, Vanessa da Mata(ex Black Uhurubacking vocal), CéU (singer), Curumin, Orquestra Imperial, Nina Becker, Seu Jorge, Romulo Fróes, Fernando Catatau, Jonas Sá, Orquestra Contemporânea de Olinda, Kristoff Silva, 3 na Massa, Thalma, Fino Coletivoand Mandrágora. The Vanessa da Matasongs "Ai, Ai, Ai" and "Boa Sorte/Good Luck" (with Ben Harpercollaboration) became number-one hits in Brazil. José Miguel Wisnikis turning a reference in this new musical construction.
Some rock genres are very specific in Brazil, but with a important scene like Grindcore, Psycobilly, Death Metal, Ska Punk, etc. Some highlights are:
Tihuana, Madame Machadoand Rusty Machinein Ska Punk, Kães Vadiusand Sick Sick Sinnersin Psycobilly and Krisiunin Death Metal. There are several festivals about these genres.
The Brazilian underground bands and musicians is a division: part is influenced by the Hard rock, Hardcore, Metal, part is influenced by the 90's
alternative rock, after Strokesboom, but there are too the influences of the 1970s Brazilian musicand Glam rock, of the Folk music(Brazilian or not), the 1980s B-rock and São Paulo Vanguard, the Jovem Guarda(the garage side of this genre), the Tropicália, the Samba rockand the Black musicrevisited, Electro, Rap, Ska, Jazz, Dub musicand part is influenced by almost all of this genres. A large number of bands were created. Among pioneers from this period are Cachorro Grande, Tetine(London), Cansei de Ser Sexy(CSS) (London), Autoramas, Cordel do Fogo Encantado, Mombojó, Cibelle(London), Wry(London), Forgotten Boys, Gram (band), Ludov, Udora (band), Mamelo Sound System, Cidadão Instigado, Canto dos Malditos na Terra do Nunca, Bidê ou Balde, MQN, Sapo Banjo, Vulgue Tolstoi, Lampirônicos, Leela (band), Relespública, Doiseu Mimdoisema, Fernando Chuí, Pedro Luís e a Parede, Hurtmold(instrumental), Hipnóticos, Monokini (band), Sleepwalker (band), Zumbi do Mato, Astromato, Thee Butcher's Orquestra, Grenade (band), Wado (band), The Charts (brazilian band), Astronautas (brazilian band), Módulo.
In the beginning of the XXI Century, the Brazilian rock is leaving the second independent scene and has a lot of opportunities with the festivals (like
Bananada, Porão do Rock, Camping Rock, Humaita Pra Peixe, Grito Rock, Fora do Eixo, Abril Pro Rock, Goiânia Noise, Mada (festival), Calango (festival), Festival Garimpo, Varadouro, Rec-Beat, Jambolada) and independent labels (like Monstro Discos, Senhor F, Mondo 77, Trama Records, Travolta Discos, Deckdisc, Fora do Eixo Discos, Escárnio e Osso).
See also the relevant bands and artists from several Brazilian regions:
Terminal Guadalupe, Vanguart, Clorofones, Seychelles (band), Macaco Bong(instrumental), Los Porongas, Moptop (band), Threat (band), Matanza (brazilian band), Zeferina Bomba, Violins (band), Deize Confusa, Mahalab, Sabonetes, Daniel Belleza e os Corações em Fúria, Supercordas, Érika Machado, Maquinado, Móveis Colonias de Acaju, Visitantes, SomoS, Canastra, Monaural (band), Superguidis, Banda Eddie, Chimpanzé Clube Trio, Lucas Santtana, Gardenais, Carolina Diz, Lucy and the Popsonics, Envydust, Screaming of Hate, Margot (band), Gloria (band), Mallu Magalhães, Luxúria, Volver (band), U.D.R., Montage (band), Jumbo Elektro, Samambaia Sound Club, Rock Rockets, Rockassetes, Urban ToTem, Seminal (band), Borderlinerz, Faichecleres, Volpina, Ecos Falsos, Porcas Borboletas, Aerocirco, Vincebuz, Poléxia, Filomedusa, Monjolo (band), Ari Borger Quartet, Charme Chulo, Radiare, Minnuit, Telepathique, Eu Serei a Hiena, Julia Says (band), Pata de Elefante(instrumental), Orquestra Abstrata(instrumental), MoMo (Marcelo Frota), Cérebro Eletrônico, Do Amor, Madame Saatan, Garotas Suecas, Banda Pedra, Vandaluz, Pública, Nancy (band), Venus Volts, Bad Folks, Rafael Agra, Stop Play Moon, Watson (band), Transmissor (band), Ultrafônica, Cabaret (band), Black Drawing Chalks, Rockz, Drosóphila, Capitão Iguana, Diego de Moraes e O Sindicato, Os Azuis, Sweet Cherry Furrythat was elected the third best young band of the world by BBCon the annual The Next Big Thing competition, and Bonde do Rolêthat mixes the carioca funk with rock guitars...
The rock is mixed with the all genres of Brazilian music and the alternative scene is continuing the experimental and creative characteristic of the rock-fusion from Brazil, an universal and contemporary concept of music.
Brazilian Thrash Metal
Música Popular Brasileira
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