- Preface (liturgy)
In liturgical use the term Preface is applied to that portion of the
Eucharistic Prayerthat immediately precedes the Canon or central portion of the Eucharist(Mass or Divine Liturgy). [CathEncy|wstitle=Preface] The Preface, which begins at the words, "It is very meet and just, right and salutary" (or a variation thereof) is ushered in, in all liturgies, with the " Sursum Corda", "Lift up your hearts", and ends with the " Sanctus", "Holy, Holy, Holy, etc."
In the Western liturgies, proper prefaces are appointed for particular occasions. In the various Eastern liturgies there is great variation. Among those who follow the
Rite of Constantinoplethe audible portion of the preface does not change, but the silent prayer said by the priest will differ depending upon whether it is the Liturgy of St. John Chrysostomor the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great. Among the Oriental Orthodox Churchesthe preface will take different forms, depending upon the liturgical rite and/or the particular feast day.
In both the Ordinary and the Extraordinary Forms of the Roman Rite, the preface opens with the following:
:Priest: Dominus Vobiscum:People: Et Cum Spiritu Tuo
:Priest: Sursum Corda:People: Habemus ad Dominum
:Priest: Gratias Agamus Domino Deo Nostro:People: Dignum et Iustum Est
In the current, imprecise ICEL English translation for the Extraordinary Form of the Roman Rite, the preface opens with the following dialogue between the priest and the people:
:Priest: The Lord be with you.:People: And also with you.
:Priest: Lift up your hearts.:People: We lift them up to the Lord.
:Priest: Let us give thanks to the Lord, our God.:People: It is right to give him thanks and praise.
A more accurate translation follows:
:Priest: The Lord be with you.:People: And with your spirit.
:Priest: Lift up your hearts.:People: We have them with the Lord.
:Priest: Let us give thanks to the Lord, our God:People: It is worthy and just.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Liturgy of the Mass — Liturgy of the Mass † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Liturgy of the Mass A. Name and Definition The Mass is the complex of prayers and ceremonies that make up the service of the Eucharist in the Latin rites. As in the case of all… … Catholic encyclopedia
Preface — • The first part of the Eucharistic prayers in all rites Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Preface Preface † … Catholic encyclopedia
Liturgy — • A Greek composite word meaning originally a public duty, a service to the state undertaken by a citizen Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Liturgy Liturgy … Catholic encyclopedia
Liturgy of Addeus and Maris — Liturgy of Addeus and Maris † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Liturgy of Addeus and Maris This is an Oriental liturgy, sometimes assigned to the Syrian group because it is written in the Syriac tongue; sometimes to the Persian group because… … Catholic encyclopedia
Liturgy of St. Basil — Liturgy of St. Basil † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Liturgy of St. Basil Several Oriental liturgies, or at least several anaphoras, have been attributed to the great St. Basil, Bishop of Cæsarea in Cappadocia from 370 to 379. That St.… … Catholic encyclopedia
Liturgy of Jerusalem — • The Rite of Jerusalem is that of Antioch Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Liturgy of Jerusalem Liturgy of Jerusalem … Catholic encyclopedia
Liturgy of Addeus and Maris — This is an Oriental liturgy, sometimes assigned to the Syrian group because it is written in the Syriac tongue; sometimes to the Persian group because it was used in Mesopotamia and Persia. It is known as the normal liturgy of the Nestorians, but … Wikipedia
Liturgy of Saint Basil — Greek icon of St. Basil the Great. The Liturgy of Saint Basil or, more formally, the Divine Liturgy of Saint Basil the Great, is a term for several Eastern Christian celebrations of the Divine Liturgy (Eucharist), or at least several anaphoras,… … Wikipedia
Liturgy of St Tikhon — The Divine Liturgy of St. Tikhon is one of the liturgies authorized for use by the Antiochian Western Rite Vicariate (AWRV). It is authorized for use in the AWRV in two forms mdash;that of the Orthodox Missal and that of the Saint Andrew s… … Wikipedia
The Alexandrine Liturgy — The Alexandrine Liturgy † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Alexandrine Liturgy The tradition of the Church of Egypt traces its origin to the Evangelist St. Mark, the first Bishop of Alexandria, and ascribes to him the parent liturgy from… … Catholic encyclopedia