Norillag, Norilsk Corrective Labor Camp (Russian: Норильлаг, Норильстрой, Норильский ИТЛ) was a gulag labor camp set by Norilsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia and headquartered there. It existed from June 25, 1935 to August 22, 1956.
Initially, the Norillag labor force was responsible for the construction of the Norilsk mining-metallurgic complex and for mining copper and nickel. Its activities gradually expanded into virtually all economical functions of the region, from fishing to "reconstruction of the house where lived Comrade I.V. Stalin in exile".
Starting from 1,200 inmates in 1935, its numbers jumped to 9,000 in 1937 (the onset of the Great Purge) and peaked in 1951 at 72500, housed in 30 camp sections. Memorial estimates the total number of its inmates over the history of the camp at 400,000, with about 300,000 being political prisoners. The geography of this camp system included the Norilsk area, including Dudinka and Kayerkan, as well as more remote places, including Krasnoyarsk and some agricultural camps in Kureyka, Atamanovo and Shushenskoye
Initially the construction activities were handled by the Norilstroy (Норильстрой), while Norillag supplied the workforce and some infrastructure.
- Ertz, Simon Chapter 7, "Building Norilsk" In "The Economics of Forced Labor: The Soviet Gulag", Paul R. Gregory, Valery V. Lazarev (eds.). Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 2003 ISBN 0817939423
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Norillag — Vladimir Poutine au Norillag en 2002 En 1935, le gouvernement de l URSS décide de créer le combinat minier et métallurgique de Norilsk et le camp du Goulag de Norilsk, baptisé Norillag, sur la péninsule de Taïmyr, au delà du cercle polaire. Ils… … Wikipédia en Français
Norilsk — (English) Норильск (Russian) City … Wikipedia
Isaiah Oggins — (also known as Ysai or Cy) (July 22, 1898 Summer 1947) was an American communist and spy in the Soviet underground who worked in Europe with his wife and in the Far East before being arrested, sentenced, and eventually executed under the orders… … Wikipedia
MMC Norilsk Nickel — Norilsk Nickel Logo de Norilsk Nickel Création 1935 et le 30 juin 1993 sous forme actuelle Personnages clés Andrey A. Klishas, président du conseil d administration des directeurs Mikhail D. Prokhorov, Directeur Général … Wikipédia en Français
Norilsk Nickel — Logo de Norilsk Nickel Création 1935 et le 30 juin 1993 sous forme actuelle Personnages clés Andrey A. Klishas, président du conseil d administration des directeurs Mikhail D. Prokhorov, Directeur Général … Wikipédia en Français
Gulag — For other uses, see Gulag (disambiguation). The integrated map of the Gulag camps, which existed from 1923 to 1961, based on data from the Human Rights Society «Memorial» … Wikipedia
Siberia — Siberian redirects here. For the cat breed, see Siberian (cat). This article is about Siberia as a whole. For the federal district, see Siberian Federal District. For other uses, see Siberia (disambiguation). Coordinates: 60°0′N 105°0′E / … Wikipedia
Eufrosinia Kersnovskaya — Eufrosinia Antonovna Kersnovskaya ( ru. Евфросиния Антоновна Керсновская; January 8, 1908 mdash;March 8, 1994) was a Russian woman who spent 12 years in Gulag camps and wrote her memoirs in 12 notebooks, 2,200,000 characters, accompanied with 680 … Wikipedia
Nikolay Urvantsev — Urvantsev in the 1920s Nikolay Nikolayevich Urvantsev (Russian: Николай Николаевич Урванцев; 29 January [O.S. 17 January] 1893 – 20 February 1985) was a Soviet geologist and explorer. He was born in the town of Lukoyanov of Nizhny Novgorod… … Wikipedia
Dmitry Nikolaevich Medvedev — ( ru. Медведев Дмитрий Николаевич) (August 22, 1898 December 14, 1954), colonel, one of the leaders of Soviet partisan movement in western Russia and Ukraine.Dmitry Medvedev was born in Bryansk in a steelworker s family. During the Russian Civil… … Wikipedia