- Arthur Griffith-Boscawen
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Arthur Sackville Trevor Griffith-Boscawen PC (
Wales and Sir A. Griffith-Boscawen.----Cartoon from Punch magazine 10 November 1920, commenting on his work as a junior minister in establishing an Agricultural Wages Board
18 October 1865– 1 June 1946) was a British Conservative Party politician whose career was cut short by repeatedly losing a string of Parliamentary elections.
Griffith-Boscawen was born in
Trefalyn, Denbighshire. He was educated at Rugby Schooland Queen's College, Oxford. In 1892 he was elected an MP and in his early years he carved out a niche for himself as a parliamentary Churchman. He became Hicks-Beach's private secretary in 1895, a job he held for five years until he became a member of the London County Counciluntil 1913.
Griffith-Boscawen had a special interest in working class housing throughout his career. He was a
Tariff Reformer who admired Joseph Chamberlainbecause he became a very influential Conservative even though he was not from an aristocratic background. He was knighted in 1911.
Griffith-Boscawen, who had been a
Special Reserveofficer for many years, commanded a garrison battalionin Francefrom 1914 to 1916. He was recalled to become a junior minister in 1916 and supported the disestablishmentof the Church in Wales. He was appointed to the Privy Council in the 1920 New Year Honours. [LondonGazette|issue=31712|supp=yes|startpage=1|date= 30 December 1919|accessdate=2007-11-16]
In 1921 he was appointed to the
Lloyd George Coalition Governmentas Minister of Agriculture but under the law at the time he was required to automatically stand for re-election to the House of Commons. Griffith-Boscawen lost the ensuring by-election, in part because of Beaverbrook's Canadian Cattle campaign, but another seat was found for him and he continued his career in government. Five years later the law on ministerial appointments would be amended to end the requirement for such by-elections.
When Lloyd George's government fell in October 1922, Griffith-Boscawen was one of only a few members of the outgoing Cabinet who agree to serve under the new Prime Minister,
Andrew Bonar Law, who promoted him to Minister of Health. The following month a general election was held and Griffith-Boscawen once more lost his seat. He remained in government and set about producing a bill on local government rating which provoked fierce controversy in the country at large. In March 1923 he sought to re-enter the House of Commons in a by-election at Mitcham, but was defeated by the future Labour Cabinet Minister, James Chuter Ede. Griffith-Boscawen was forced to retire from politics as a result. The resulting vacancy in the Cabinet was filled by Neville Chamberlain.
Griffith-Boscawen wrote "Fourteen Years in Parliament" in 1907 and his "Memoirs" in 1925.
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography"
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Arthur Neville Chamberlain — Traduction à relire Neville Chamberlain … Wikipédia en Français
Neville Chamberlain — This article is about the former British Prime Minister. For other people with the same name, see Neville Chamberlain (disambiguation). The Right Honourable Neville Chamberlain … Wikipedia
United Kingdom coalition government (1916–1922) — David Lloyd George, Prime Minister 1916–1922. The Coalition Government of David Lloyd George came to power in the United Kingdom in December 1916, replacing the earlier wartime coalition under H.H. Asquith, which had been held responsible for… … Wikipedia
David Lloyd George — Lloyd George redirects here. For the U.S. Federal Judge, see Lloyd D. George. In this name, the family name is Lloyd George, not George. The Right Honourable The Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor OM PC … Wikipedia
Secretary of State for Health — Arms of Her Majesty s Government Department of Health … Wikipedia
Dudley (UK Parliament constituency) — Dudley Former Borough constituency for the House of Commons 1832 (1832)–February 1974 (February 1974) … Wikipedia
Andrew Bonar Law — Infobox Prime Minister honorific prefix = The Right Honourable name = Andrew Bonar Law honorific suffix = caption = office = Prime Minister of the United Kingdom term start = 23 October 1922 term end = 22 May 1923 monarch = George V predecessor … Wikipedia
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries — The Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries was a junior ministerial office in the British government, serving under the Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries. The title changed to Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry … Wikipedia
List of Conservative Party (UK) MPs — This is a list of Conservative Party MPs. It includes all Members of Parliament elected to the British House of Commons representing the Conservative Party from 1834 onwards. Members of the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh Assembly or the European… … Wikipedia
John Hodge (politician) — John Hodge (29 October 1855 10 August 1937) was a Coalition Labour party politician in the United Kingdom, and was the first Minister of Labour and the second Minister of Pensions.Hodge was born in Linkeyburn, Ayrshire and attended Ironworks… … Wikipedia