- General Register Office
The General Register Office (GRO) is that part of the
governmentof England and Walesthat deals with the civil registrationof births (including stillbirths), adoptions, marriages and civil partnerships, and deaths in both Englandand Wales. (There are equivalent but separate offices for the other parts of the United Kingdom, respectively Scotlandand Northern Ireland.)
The GRO was founded in
1836under an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom(6 & 7 Will. IV cap. 86), and civil registration commenced in 1837. Its head is the Registrar General. Probably the most distinguished person associated with the GRO in the nineteenth century, although he was never its head, was William Farr.
1972the GRO became part of the newly created Office of Population Censuses and Surveys(OPCS), with the Registrar General in overall charge. Until then it had had several statistical functions, including the conduct of population censuses and the production of annual population estimates. All these were moved elsewhere within the new organisation. The GRO then became just one division within OPCS, headed by a Deputy Registrar General. Then in 1996the OPCS, and therefore the GRO, became part of the newly created Office for National Statistics, and the office of Registrar General was merged with that of Head of the Government Statistical Service.
The GRO supplies copies of birth, marriage,
civil partnershipcertificates and death certificates, either online, via the Family Records Centreor from one of the local register offices that act on behalf of the GRO.
Becoming part of IPS
On 1st April 2008, the General Register Office for England and Wales (GRO) became a subsidiary of the
Identity and Passport Service(IPS). The decision to make the transfer of GRO to IPS was finalised following the outcome of the Comprehensive Spending Review. As such IPS and the Home Officeis the natural home for GRO. The move follows changes to make Office of National Statistics more independent of Government, which means ONS will no longer be responsible for the registration role it currently holds.
Digitisation of Vital Events (DoVE)
A project to digitise the GRO's records of birth, marriage and death was initiated in 2005. Implementation of the project was outsourced to
Siemens IT Solutions and Servicesin a three-year contract which expired at the end of July 2008. The process of scanning, digitising and indexing suffered severe delays, with only (roughly) half the records delivered by the end of the contract period. By mutual agreement between the IPS and Siemens, the contract will not be extended. Siemens will, however, complete the digitisation of birth and death records up to 1934 and 1957 respectively.
The records that have been digitised – over 130 million of them – form part of a system (called EAGLE, for "Electronic Access to GRO Legacy Events ") which is used within the GRO to fulfil requests for certificates from the general public. A different system, known as MAGPIE ("MultiAccess to GRO Public Index of Events"), was intended to make the indexes available to the public via a website. The launch of this service depends on the completion of DoVE, and hence is subject to a presently unknown delay.
The GRO and IPS are reviewing the digitisation project and will then decide how to complete the implementation. They state that they "remain committed to delivering the project to digitise Births, Deaths and Marriage records". [ [http://www.gro.gov.uk/gro/content/aboutus/lookingahead/Digitisation_of_Vital_Events.asp GRO DoVE news page] updated
3 July 2008]
The GRO is located at Smedley Hydro in
Southport, a former Hydropathic Hotelthat has since been converted into offices for the GRO and NHS The Information Centre, formally the NHS Central Register.
Thomas Henry Lister, 1836-1842
*George Graham, 1842-1880
*Brydges P. Henniker, 1880-1900
Reginald McLeod, 1900-1902
*William Cospatrick Dunbar, 1902-1909
Bernard Mallet, 1909-1920
*Sylvanus Percival Vivian, 1920-1945:"Source: [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/bicentenary/pdfs/registrars.pdf National Statistics] "
General Register Office for Northern Ireland
General Register Office for Scotland
Notes and references
* [http://www.gro.gov.uk/gro/content/ General Register Office for England and Wales]
* [http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/ General Register Office for Scotland]
* [http://www.groni.gov.uk/ General Register Office for Northern Ireland]
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