- Larry Hama
Infobox comics creator
name = Larry Hama
imagesize = 150
birthdate = birth date and age|1949|06|07
Manhattan, New York
area = Writer, artist
notable works = "
Larry Hama (born 7 June 1949) is a
Japanese Americanwriter, artist, actor and musician who has worked in the fields of entertainment and publishing since the 1960s.
He is best known as a writer and editor for
Marvel Comics, where he wrote the licensed comic bookseries ', based on the Hasbro action figures. He has also written for the series "Wolverine", ', and "Elektra", and he created the character Bucky O’Hare, which was developed into a comic book, a toyline and a television cartoon. During the 1970s, he was seen in minor roles on the TV shows "M*A*S*H" and " Saturday Night Live", and he appeared on Broadway in two roles in the original 1976 production of Stephen Sondheim’s " Pacific Overtures".
Early life and career
Larry Hama is a third-generation American, born in
Manhattan, New York City, New York, and raised in Queens. He “played Kodokan Judoas a kid” and later studied Kyūdō(Japanese archery) and Iaido(Japanese martial art swordsmanship). [ [http://joeguide.com/interviews/larrryhama_rh01.shtml JoeGuide.com: 1998 Larry Hama interview] ] Planning to become a painter, Hama attended Manhattan’s High School of Art and Design, where one instructor was former EC Comicsartist Bernard Krigstein. Hama sold his first comics work to the fantasy filmmagazine " Castle of Frankenstein" when he was 16 years old. After high school, Hama took a job drawing shoes for catalogs, and then served in the United States Army Corps of Engineersfrom 1969 to 1971, during the Vietnam War, an experience that would inform his editing of the 1986-1993 Marvel Comics series "The ’Nam". Upon his discharge, Hama became active in the Asian community in New York City.
Ralph Reese, who had become an assistant to famed EC and Marvel artist Wally Wood, helped Hama get a similar job at Wood’s Manhattan studio. Hama assisted on Wood’s comic strips " Sally Forth" and "Cannon", which originally ran in "Military News" and "Overseas Weekly" and were later collected in a series of books. During this time, he also had illustrations published in such magazines as "Esquire" and " Rolling Stone", and he and Reese collaborated on art for a story in the underground comix-style humor magazine "Drool" #1 (1972). Through contacts made while working for Wood, Hama began working at comic-book and commercial artist Neal Adams’ Continuity Associates studio; with other young contemporaries there, including Reese, Frank Brunnerand Bernie Wrightson, Hama became part of the comic-book inking gang credited as the “ Crusty Bunkers.” His first known work as such is on the Alan Weiss-penciled “Slaves of the Mahars” in DC Comics’ "Weird Worlds" #2 (November 1972).
Hama began penciling for comics a year-and-a-half later, making an auspicious debut succeeding character co-creator
Gil Kaneon the feature “Iron Fist” in " Marvel Premiere", taking over with the martial arts superhero’s second appearance and his next three stories (#16-19, July-November 1974). He went on to freelance for start-up publisher Atlas/Seaboard(writing and penciling the first two issues of the sword & sorceryseries "Wulf the Barbarian" , writing the premiere of the sci-fi/horror "Planet of Vampires" ); some penciling work on the seminal independent comic book " Big Apple Comix" #1 (Sept. 1975); and two issues of the jungle-hero book " Ka-Zar" before beginning a long run at DC Comics.
There, Hama became an editor of the DC titles "
Wonder Woman", " Mister Miracle", " Super Friends", "The Warlord", and the TV-series licensed property " Welcome Back, Kotter" from 1977-1978, then joined Marvel as an editor in 1980.
Larry Hama is best known as writer of the
Marvel Comicslicensed series " G.I. Joe", based on the Hasbroline of military action figures. Hama said in a 2006 interview that he was given the job by then editor-in-chief Jim Shooterafter every other writer at Marvel had turned it down." ToyFare" #105 (Wizard Entertainment, May 2006).] Hama at the time had recently pitched a "" spin-off series, "Fury Force", about a daring special mission force. Hama used this concept as the back-story for "G.I. Joe". He included military terms and strategies, Eastern philosophy, martial arts and historical references from his own background. The comic ran 155 issues (Feb. 1982-Oct. 1994).
Hama also wrote the majority of the G.I. Joe action figures'
file cards—short biographical sketches designed to be clipped from the G.I. Joe and COBRA cardboard packaging. [ [http://www.yojoe.com/filecard/ Yo Joe Filecard Gallery] ] In 2007 these filecards were reprinted in the retropackaging for the G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero 25th Anniversary line.
Many of the characters were named after Hama’s family, friends, and comrades who died during the Vietnam War, or otherwise had hidden historical references. The
Arctictrooper Frostbite was given the name Farley Seward in reference to United States Secretary of State William H. Seward, known for Seward’s Folly, the then-infamous purchase of Alaskafrom Imperial Russiain 1867. Quick Kick, G.I. Joe’s Japanese-American martial artsexpert, was named "MacArthur S. Ito" after U.S. World War IIGen. Douglas MacArthurand Japanese Lt.-Gen. Takeo Ito, who was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to death in 1946. Other characters were given tongue-in-cheek names: Hovercraftpilot Cutter is Skip A. Stone, named after the pastime of stone skipping.
Hama earned an unexpected female following for "G.I. Joe" by writing strong female characters (Cover Girl, Lady Jaye, Scarlett) who fought equally along their male counterparts. [ [http://joeguide.com/interviews/larryhama_ci.shtml "Comics Interview" #37 (month n.a., 1986): Larry Hama interview, part one; reprinted at JoeGuide.com] ] The title was also praisedFact|date=April 2007 for unusually positive representations of minorities in a children’s series for the time.
Hasbro sculptors sometimes used real people's likenesses when designing its action figures. In 1987, Hasbro released the Tunnel Rat action figure. [ [http://www.yojoe.com/action/87/tunnelrat.shtml Yo Joe! Tunnel Rat] ] The character is an
Explosive Ordnance Disposalspecialist, whose likeness was based on Hama. [ [http://www.ugo.com/channels/freestyle/features/larryhama/ UnderGroundOnline.com: Larry Hama interview] ]
In December 2007 Hasbro released 25th-anniversary comic-book figure two-packs that featured original stories by Hama.Fact | date = September 2008 These new Hasbro-published issues were designed to take place "in-between the panels" of the Marvel series.Fact | date = September 2008
In September 2008 IDW announced a new line of GI Joe comics with one series, "GI Joe Origins", written by Hama. [ [http://www.newsarama.com/comics/090812-IDWGIJoe1.html Ekstrom, Steve. "G.I. Joe Roundtable, Part 1: Hama, Dixon, Gage & More"] , Newsarama.com September 12, 2008] .
From 1986-1993, Hama edited the acclaimed comic book "The ’Nam", a gritty Marvel series about the Vietnam War. Additionally, he wrote the 16-issue Marvel series "" (August 1989-September 1990), concerning the adventures of John Doe, an American
ninjaand Special Forces commandoin an alternate reality in which World War IIIis sparked after the world’s nuclear weapons stockpiles are all destroyed. Hama also edited a relaunch of Marvel’s black-and-white comics magazine" Savage Tales", overseeing its change from sword-and-sorceryto men’s adventure.
Other comics Hama has written include "Wolverine", "", and the
X-Menbrand extension "Generation X" for Marvel; and Batmanstories for DC Comics. He wrote filecards for Hasbro’s line of sci-fi/police action figures, "C.O.P.S. ’n’ Crooks" and contributed to the relaunch of the G.I. Joe toy line and comic book in 2000.
While working at Neal Adams’ Continuity Associates, Hama developed a series he first created in 1978, "Bucky O’Hare", the story of a green anthropomorphic
rabbitand his mutant mammal sidekicks in an intergalactic war against space amphibians, which went on to become a comic, cartoon, video game and toy line.
Osprey Publishingannounced that Hama would write its “Osprey Graphic History” series of comic books about historical battles, including the titles "The Bloodiest Day— Battle of Antietam" and "Surprise Attack— Battle of Shiloh" (both with artist Scott Moore) and "Island of Terror— Battle of Iwo Jima" (with Anthony Williams). That same year, Hama returned to his signature characters with the Devils Due Publishingminiseries "G.I. Joe Declassified", which chronicled the recruitment of the squad’s first members by General Hawk. In 2007, the company added the spin-off series "Storm Shadow", written by Hama and penciled by Mark A. Robinsonwhich ceased publication with issue 7. [ [http://www.joebattlelines.com/interviews/larryhamass1.htm JoeBattlelines.com (March 19, 2007): Interview with Hama] ] [ [http://www.comicaddiction.com/features/interviews/int_lhama_032207.htm ComicAddiction.com (March 22, 2007): Interview with Hama] ]
In February 2008,
Devil's Due Publishingpublished "Spooks", a comic book about a U.S. government anti-paranormal investigator/task force. Hama created the military characters and R.A. Salvatorethe monster characters. [ [http://devilsdue.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=45&Itemid=33 Devil's Due Publishing press release: "Special San Diego Comic-Con Announcement", July 36 2007] ]
As of 2005, Hama is married and has a teenage daughter.
* [http://www.joebattlelines.com/interviews/larryhama1.htm JoeBattlelines.com: JBL Interview with Larry Hama, Part One (2006)]
* [http://media.libsyn.com/media/thecomicbookhaters/OCBHS_-_Larry_Hama.mp3 Audio interview with Larry Hama from the Comic Book Haters podcast (2006)]
* [http://www.comicbookresources.com/news/newsitem.cgi?id=7157 Hama Talks: "G.I. Joe: Declassified" by Dave Richards]
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