Sarawagi


Sarawagi

The Sarawagi or Saraogi Jain community, meaning a Jain Śrāvaka, is also known as the Khandelwali.[1] They originated from Khandela, a historical town in northern Rajasthan.

The Sarawagi community owes its name to a strong historical association with Jainism. Also technically the term Sarawagi or shravaka is applicable to all Jains, the Khandelwal Jains is the only community that has used it extensively.

The Khandelwals have 84 divisions. The legendary origin of these divisions is given in a 17th century book, "Shravakotpatti Varnanam".[2] It mentions how a the ruler Girakhandel of Khandela was planning to sacrifice one thousand Jain monks in a naramedha yajña. However, with the assistance of goddess Chakreshvari, muni Jinasena persuaded the ruler to give up violence. The ruler along with his 83 chiefs became Jain Śrāvakas, giving rise to 84 gotra.

Contents

Organizations

The Khandelwal Digambar Jain Mahasabha was founded by Lunkaran Pandya of Jhalarapatan and Padam Chand Benara of Agra (both then living in Bombay) on Feb. 28, 1916 in Bombay.[3] The first convention of the Mahasabha was held in 1920, where the publication of "Khandelwal jain Hitechchhu" was initiated. Several regional branches of the Mahasabha were established, however they all became inactive around 1932.

A large section of Sarawagi's are Agarwal Sarawagis. They are from Churu and adjoining districts of Rajasthan.

The Mahasabha has been revived recently, its current office is in Lucknow.

It has recently several published directories. So far the community count has been done for 1794 towns with 29,944 families and 185,556 individuals. This does not include the city of Jaipur, which is the largest center.

Prominent Khandelwal Jains

  • Tejsi Udaikaran Ji (Udaibabaji) of Newta, a village in Jaipur did pratistha of Samyakgyan Shakti Yantra in Panchkalyanak Prathistha in Girnar Ji, and installed it in Temple Mandirji Patodiyan in Jaipur in year 1709.
  • Jivaraj Papriwal (who installed 100,000 pratimas during 1480-91)
  • Pandit Todarmal (1719–1766),[4] author of Moksh Marg Prakashak
  • Poet Bhudhardas (Samvat 1750-1806) [1]
  • Poet Budhjan, sam. 1820-1895.[5]
  • Sir Seth Bhagchand Soni of Ajmer
  • Tarachand Barjatya founder of Rajshri Productions
  • Late Seth Hiralalji Badjatya (Jeweller)
  • Late Sir Seth Hukamchand Kasliwal of Indore, Pioneering Indian industrialist
  • Late Munsi Payara Lal Kasliwal, Counsel Member-Finance of Jaipur of Jaipur State, Founder President of Shree Mahaveer ji and continuued for more than 20 years
  • Col.(Dr.) Rajmal Kasliwal, Freedom Fighteer, Ex-Principal SMS Medical College,Jaipur
  • Seth Jambukumarji Baj ,Kota
  • Mr Manak Chand Paliwal,a Freedom Fighter,Industrialist and Social activist who migrated from Pali[Marwar] to Kota and contributed a lot in development of new Kota by relocating Mandi at New Grain Mandi.His son Vijay Singh Paliwal a Chemical Engineer and Grandson Vidit Paliwal a Doon School and LNM-IIT alumni and founder of BigStep Technology Pvt Ltd,Gurgaon.

See also

References

  1. ^ Khandelwal Jati ka Vrihat Itihas (Hindi), Kasturchand Kasliwal
  2. ^ Given in Brahmanotpatti Marthanda, Hari Krishna Shastri
  3. ^ Khandelwal Digambar Jain Mahasabha ka sankshipta itihas, Jain Gazette, March 6, 2008, p.7
  4. ^ http://jainsamaj.org/celebrities/mahapandit-13.htm
  5. ^ http://www.jainlibrary.org/jlib/Kavivar_Budhajan_Vyaktitva__Avam__Krititva.pdf Kavivar Budhajan Vyaktitva Avam Krititva

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