- River Frome, Bristol
name = Frome
country = England
region_type = Counties
region = South Gloucestershire
region1 = Bristol
region3 = |
source_location = Dodington,
mouth_name = Floating Harbour
mouth_country = UK
image_size = 320
image_caption = The river by
Snuff Mills.The River Frome is a riverin South Gloucestershire. It is not to be confused with other rivers in the south west of Englandwith the same name. The historic spelling, Froom, is still sometimes used and this is how the name of the river is pronounced (as in broom).
Twenty miles long, the River Frome rises in
Dodington Parkin the Cotswoldsof Gloucestershire, then follows a roughly south-westerly route towards Bristol. The river ends at its confluence with the River Avon, where its last reach forms part of the Floating Harbour. It has two main tributaries(Bradley and Folly Brooks) and a number of smaller ones.
Frenchayand Stapleton the river drops nearly 50 ft, and as a result there were a number of corn and other mills. They were undershotmills with no mill ponds - today, all that is left is a wheel at Snuff Mills. From Damsons Bridge (Grid Reference Gbmappingsmall|ST657794) to Snuff Mills(Gbmappingsmall|ST623764) the river is navigable, but only by canoe (kayak) though some portaging may be required. It's also possible to start at Moorend Bridge (Gbmappingsmall|ST650794) or Frenchay Bridge (Gbmappingsmall|ST644777). Some of the Bradley Brook has also been kayaked. [http://www.ukriversguidebook.co.uk/fromebristol.htm Bristol Frome on UK rivers guidebook]
Where it passes through Bristol the river was prone to flooding, but a storm water channel has since been constructed to control this, creating a
subterranean riverfrom St Pauls for a distance of 1 mile. It emerges from an underground culvertat what Bristolians call "The Centre" (formerly the 'Tramways Centre').
In the mid 20th century the River Frome was known in some parts of the city as the "Danny River". The derivation, and even the spelling, of this name is uncertain.
Frome Valley Walkwayis a 29 kilometre public path that runs almost the entire length of the river from Old Sodburyto Bristol. The River Frome has a regionally significant population of the endangered native white-clawed crayfish.
The Frome originally flowed east of its present-day course from Stone Bridge along the line of St Stephen's Street and Baldwin Street, joining the Avon near
Bristol Bridge. The narrow strip of land between the two rivers was a naturally strategic crossing-point and the Saxon town of Brigstow, later the walled centre of the city, grew up here. When Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, rebuilt Bristol Castle, the Frome was diverted (at present-day Broad Weir) to form the castle moat, so that the city was entirely surrounded by water.
In the 1240s the harbour was so busy that it was decided to completely divert the Frome, and St Augustine's Trench, or the "Deep Ditch", was dug from Stone Bridge to join the Avon at Broad Quay. This has been the line of the river ever since.
Floating Harbourwas constructed in 1809, isolating the Avon and Frome from tides between Cumberland Basin and Totterdown Lock. The increasing use of the Frome as an open sewer combined with the cutting off of the souring action of the tides meant that it was now becoming a health hazard and in 1825 it was again diverted with locks at Stone House, channelling the main flow through Mylne's Culvert to the tidal Avon at New Cut. Up to 1858 the Frome was open along its length, crossed by some 13 bridges. During the latter half of the 19th century, a culvert was built from Wade Street in St Judes to Stone Bridge, covering this stretch completely: Rupert Street and Fairfax Street run over this culverted section. St Augustine's Trench from Stone Bridge to Draw Bridge (near the end of Baldwin Street) was covered over in 1893 and finally the rest of the Trench was covered over in 1938.
Shipbuildingbegan on the River Frome near its mouth in Bristol at least by the 17th century, with Francis Bayliebuilding warships at Narrow Quay. Opposite Tombs' Dockwas built at Dean's Marsh in 1760, whose builders included FW Green, and two additional docks were built by at Teast's Docks in 1790. The last shipbuilder closed in 1883. [Farr, Graeme (1971). "Bristol Shipbuilding in the 19th Century" Bristol Branch of the Historical Association.]
River Frome floods
October 1882: Flooding as far as Mina Road (St Werburghs) & Wellington Road, Bristol.
March 1889: Flooding over an estimated 200 acres.
1936 and 1937: Wide-scale damage across the city including; Eastville, East Bristol, Mina Road, Broadmead.
1947: Melting snow caused flooding of
Eastville Parkand surrounding area - city centre of Bristolonly just avoids serious flooding.
1968: Last major flood of the Bristol Frome. 5 million gallons of water pumped out of
Bristol Roversold ground at Eastville.
*Other River Fromes
* S. Watson, "Secret underground Bristol" (Bristol 1991) ISBN 0-907145-01-9
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
River Avon, Bristol — Geobox|River name = River Avon native name = Lower Avon other name = Bristol Avon other name1 = image size = image caption = The Avon Gorge and Clifton Suspension Bridge country = England | country country1 = state = Gloucestershire state1 =… … Wikipedia
River Frome, Stroud — The River Frome, once also known as the Stroudwater [ [http://www.british history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=19058 Stroud in Victoria County History of Gloucestershire ] ] , is a small river in Gloucestershire, England. It is to be distingushed… … Wikipedia
Frome (disambiguation) — Frome, (pronEng|ˈfruːm) may refer to:PlacesAustralia* Electoral district of Frome, a state electoral district in South Australia * Lake Frome is found in the mid north of South AustraliaEngland* Bishop s Frome, village and civil parish in eastern … Wikipedia
Bristol Harbour — is the harbour in the city of Bristol, England. The harbour covers an area of convert|70|acre|ha|1|abbr=off|lk=on. It has existed since the 13th century but was developed into its current form in the early 19th century by installing lock gates on … Wikipedia
Bristol — This article is about the British city. For other uses, see Bristol (disambiguation). Bristol Unitary, Ci … Wikipedia
Frome Vale — infobox UK place country = England official name= Frome Vale latitude= 51.49 longitude= 2.53 map type= nomap static static image caption= Boundaries of the city council ward. population = 10,857 [cite web | title=Frome Vale | work=2001 Census… … Wikipedia
Frome — For other uses, see Frome (disambiguation). Coordinates: 51°13′40″N 2°19′17″W / 51.2279°N 2.3215°W / 51.2279; 2.3215 … Wikipedia
Frome Valley Walkway — Infobox Hiking trail Name=Frome Valley Walkway Photo=OldburyCourtDam.jpg Caption=Part of the Frome Valley Walkway: a weir with sluice gates on the River Frome at Oldbury Court Location=Southern England Designation= Length=Convert|18|mi|0… … Wikipedia
Bristol city centre — Coordinates: 51°27′10″N 2°35′38″W / 51.45271°N 2.59394°W / 51.45271; 2.59394 … Wikipedia
Bristol Castle — Infobox Historic building caption=Bristol Castle from James Millerd s map of Bristol in 1673 name=Bristol Castle location town=Bristol location country=England map type=Bristol latitude=51.4559 longitude= 2.5883 architect=Robert, 1st Earl of… … Wikipedia