infobox UK place
country = England
map_type = Greater London
Putney is a district of south-west
Londonin the London Borough of Wandsworth. It is located convert|5.1|mi|km|1 south-west of Charing Cross, on the southern bank of the River Thames, opposite Fulham.
At St Mary's Church, Putney in
1647, representatives of the New Model Armyheld the so-called Putney Debateson the constitutional future of England. The Member of Parliament for Putney is Justine Greening.
Putney as a river crossing
Putney appears in
Domesday Bookof 1086 as "Putelei". It was noted that it was not a manor, but obtained 20s from the ferryor market tollat Putney belonging to Mortlake. [ [http://www.gwp.enta.net/surrnames.htm Surrey Domesday Book] ]
The ferry was mentioned in the household accounts of Edward I (1272-1307) where Robert the Ferryman of Putney and other sailors were paid 3/6d for carrying a great part of the royal family across the Thames and also taking the king and his family to Westminster.
One famous crossing at Putney was that of
Cardinal Wolseyin 1529 upon his 'disgrace' in falling out of favour with Henry VIII and on ceasing to be the holder of the Great Seal of England. As he was riding up Putney Hill he was overtaken by one of the royal chamberlains who presented him with a ring as a token of the continuance of his majesty's favour. When the Cardinal had heard these good words of the king, he quickly lighted from his mule and kneeled down in the dirt upon both knees, holding up his hands for joy, and said "When I consider the joyful news that you have brought to me, I could do no less than greatly rejoice. Every word pierces so my heart, that the sudden joy surmounted my memory, having no regard or respect to the place; but I thought it my duty, that in the same place where I received this comfort, to laud and praise God upon my knees, and most humbly to render unto my sovereign lord my most hearty thanks for the same." [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=45294 Putney | British History Online ] ]
The first bridge of any kind between the two parishes was built during the Civil War after the
Battle of Brentfordin 1642, the Parliamentary forces built a bridge of boats between Fulham and Putney. According to a newspaper article of the day;
"The Lord General hath caused a bridge to be built upon barges and lighters over the Thames between Fulham and Putney, to convey his army and artillery over into Surrey, to follow the king's forces; and he hath ordered that forts shall be erected at each end thereof to guard it; but for the present the seamen, with long boats and shallops full of ordnance and musketeers, lie there upon theriver to secure it." [http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/g/r/a/Cameron-Gracey/FILE/0027text.txt]
The first permanent bridge between Fulham and Putney was completed in
1729, and was the second bridge to be built across the Thames in London (after London Bridge).
One story runs that "in 1720
Sir Robert Walpolewas returning from seeing George I at Kingston and being in a hurry to get to the House of Commons rode together with his servant to Putney to take the ferry across to Fulham. The ferry boat was on the opposite side, however and the waterman, who was drinking in the Swan, ignored the calls of Sir Robert and his servant and they were obliged to take another route. Walpole vowed that a bridge would replace the ferry." The Predecessor of Putney Bridge - Fulham Bridge 1729-1886 by George & Michael Dewe (1986)]
The bridge was a wooden structure and lasted for 150 years, when in
1886it was replaced by the stone bridge that stands today.
t. Mary's Church
The parish church of St Mary The Virgin was the site of the
1647 Putney Debates. Towards the end of the English Civil War, with the Roundheadslooking victorious, Oliver Cromwellsoldiers' held a minor mutiny, amid fears that a monarchy would be replaced by a new dictatorship. A number, known as the Levellerscomplained "We were not a mere mercenary army hired to serve any arbitrary power of a state, but called forth … to the defence of the people's just right and liberties". A manifesto was proposed entitled the Agreement of the Peopleand at an open meeting in Putney, the officers of the Army Council heard the argument from private soldiers for a transparent, democratic state, without corruption. This included sovereignty for English citizens, Parliamentary seats distributed according to population rather than property ownership, religion made a free choice, equality before the law, conscription abolished and parliamentary elections held every year. While greatly influential, including inspiring much of the language of the United States Declaration of Independence, Oliver Cromwellwould later have the Leveller leaders executed.
The famous diarist
Samuel Pepysvisited St. Mary's Church on several occasions. During one visit on 28th April 1667, he recorded,
"and then back to Putney Church, where I saw the girls of the schools, few of which pretty; and there I come into a pew, and met with little James Pierce, which I was much pleased at, the little rogue being very glad to see me: his master, Reader to the Church. Here was a good sermon and much company, but I sleepy, and a little out of order, for my hat falling down through a hole underneath the pulpit, which, however, after sermon, by a stick, and the help of the clerke, I got up again, and then walked out of the church." [http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Diary_of_Samuel_Pepys/1667/April]
Open spaces and clean air
For centuries, Putney was a place where Londoners came for leisure, to enjoy the open spaces and clean air. Londoners came to Putney to play games. According to John Locke, who writes, in 1679: "The sports of England for a curious stranger to see are horse-racing, hawking, hunting, and bowling; at Putney he may see several persons of quality bowling two or three times a week."
One regular visitor was Queen Elizabeth I who frequently visited Putney from 1579 - 1603, often visiting Mr John Lacy. She was said to "honour Lacy with her company more frequently than any of her subjects", often staying for two to three days.
Charles II is said to have reviewed his forces on Putney Heath; and in May, 1767,
George IIIreviewed the Guards at the same place. On this occasion upwards of £63 was taken at the bridge, being the largest amount ever known in one day.
According to Samuel Pepys, Charles II and his brother, the Duke of York used to run horses here.
Putney Heath was for many years a noted rendezvous for highwaymen. The notorious highwayman Jerry Avershaw was caught in the Green Man pub on the Heath, and was hanged on Putney Heath with his body left to dangle in the wind.
The heath has also been from time to time the scene of many bloodless, and also of some bloody, private, and also political, duels. Here, in 1652, an encounter took place between George, third Lord Chandos, and Colonel Henry Compton, which resulted in the latter being killed. It was also on the Heath that
William Pitt, when Prime Minister exchanged shots on a Sunday in May 1798 George Tierney MP, the exchange ending without bloodshed.
In 1809 the Cabinet ministers
George Canningand Lord Castlereaghfought a duel on Putney Heath. Canning, who had never fired a pistol before, missed, but Castlereagh succeeded in wounding Canning in the thigh. The resulting scandal forced both men to resign from office, and formed a lasting rivalry between them that lasted until Castlereagh's suicide in 1822.
Rowing and the Boat Race
Since the second half of the 19th century, Putney has been one of the most significant centres for rowing in the
United Kingdom. There were two historic reasons for this.
Firstly, increasing numbers of steam-powered boats (not to mention the growing levels of sewage being discharged into the river) made leisure rowing on the Thames in central London unpleasant if not impossible. There was much less commercial traffic on the river at Putney (partly because the many buttresses of the original
Putney Bridgerestricted the transit of large river boats) ensuring more suitable water for rowing. The river was also cleaner at Putney.
Second, the construction of the
London and South Western Railwayfrom Waterloo Stationto Putney and the Metropolitan District Railway to Putney Bridge allowed easy commuting.More than twenty rowing clubs are based on the Thames at Putney Embankment; among the largest are London Rowing Club(the oldest, being established in 1856), Thames Rowing Club, Imperial College Boat Cluband Vesta Rowing Club. Leander Clubowned a boathouse in Putney from 1867to 1961. The Putney clubs have produced a plethora of Olympic medallists and Henley winners. Putney Town Rowing Clubalthough having putney's name has now moved to Kew
The University Boat Race, first contested in
1829in Henley-on-Thames, has had Putney as its starting point since 1845. Since 1856it has been an annual event, beginning at the University Stone, just upstream from Putney Bridge.
Several other important rowing races over the Championship Course also either start or finish at the stone, notably the
Head of the River Race.
J. R. Ackerley, author and literary editor of The Listener lived at Star and Garter Mansions from 1941 until his death until 1967.
Gerry Andersonand Jim Henson, television puppeteers, at different times leased the same workshop (now demolished) in Rotherwood Road, Putney.
Clement Attlee, the former British Prime Minister was born, brought up and cremated in Putney.
Edvard Beneš, the second President of Czechoslovakia, lived in Gwendolen Avenue during his exile in London from October 1938 to the end of World War II.
Marc Bolan, singer and leader of the band T. Rex lived at 6 Schubert Road, Putney and died in a car crash in Queens Ride, Barnes on the border of Putney.
Peter Bonetti, Chelsea and Dundee United footballer, was born in Putney.
Sir Richard Branson, the British entrepreneur.
Christopher Chope, Member of Parliamentfor Christchurch was born in Putney.
Thomas Cromwell, chief minster for Henry VIIIand architect of the English Reformation, was born here around 1485, the son of an ale house keeper.
John Deacon, bass guitar player for the rock group Queen lives in west Putney.
Jason Flemyng, actor was born in Putney.
E.M. Forster, author, lived at 22 Werter Road, Putney.
Constance Garnett, translator of War and Peace, Anna Karenina, Crime and Punishment, and other Russian literature.
Edward Gibbon, historian, was born in Putney, and gave his name to the local telephone echange.
Kenelm Lee Guinness, racing driver, started the KLG spark plug factory in Putney and lived in Kingston Hill.
Simon Le Bon, lead singer of pop group Duran Duran, lives on Upper Richmond Road in West Putney with his wife Yasmin.
Saverio Calocero, an italian journalist, lived at Norroy Road in Putney for 4 months, before being stubbed.
Laurie Lee, author, lived and worked as a building labourer in Putney during the 1930s.
David McKee, creator of Mr Bennthe popular UK television programme for children. Mr Benn lives in London at 52 Festive Road, which was inspired by Festing Road in Putney where David McKee used to live.
Robin Knox-Johnston, yachtsman, was born in Putney.
Bobby Moore, England football world cup winning hero, lived in Putney in his later years.
Lawrence Oates, who uttered the most famous of famous last words("I'm going out now. I may be some time") on the 1910-13 British Antarctic Expedition, was born and grew up in Putney.
Pitt the Younger, former Prime Minister, is alleged to have lived on the Lower Richmond Road, Putney. This is the same road that the magical fancy dress shop in Mr Bennwould have been.
Justin Rose, golfer, has a flat in Putney. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/main.jhtml?xml=/sport/2006/12/14/sgmair14.xml]
Sinitta, popstar, actress, Singer. Daughter of disco diva and actress Miquel Brown. Lives with husband businessman Andy Willner.
Algernon Swinburne, poet
Daley Thompson, former decathlete
Alan ThornhillSculptor whose 9 large works form the permanent Putney Sculpture Trailalong the Thames at Putney
Theodore Watts, who looked after Swinburne
Nigel Williams (author)
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, author of Frankenstein, lived in Putney at Layton House in 1839, and White House in 1843
Leonard Woolf, husband of Virginia Woolfgrew up in Putney.
Jack Whitehall- Comedian.
Rachel McPherson- Singing sensation who has been recently linked to Jake Gyllenhaal
Nick Cleggleader of the Liberal Democrats
Links to sculpture and sculptors
Jacob Epsteinwas buried in Putney Vale Cemetery on 24th August 1959 [Epstein; Stephen Gardiner (1993) Flamingo Books ISBN 000654598X] . Henri Gaudier-Brzeskahad a studio in Putney in the last year of his life after moving from 454a Fulham Road. Sydney Schiff went to visit Gaudier there in 1914 to purchase the 'Dancer' which was later presented to the Victoria and Albert Museum. Gaudier-Brzeska was killed in France in June 1915. [Savage Messiah; H.S. Ede (1979) Gordon Frazer Gallery London SBN 900406151 first published Heinemann 1931] Alan Thornhilllived and worked in Putney for many years and his studio still remains. The sculpture Load [ [http://alanthornhill.co.uk/lg_001.htm image of 'Load' sculpture] ] was presented to Putney [Spirit in Mass: Journey into Sculpture - Alan Thornhill (2007) UK Documentary film (PG) ] on Fools Day and occupies a permanent position near the south west end of Putney Bridge on Lower Richmond Road. The referenced film, launched at Appledore [ [http://www.appledorearts.org/film2008.htm Appledore Arts - Film ] ] and Chichester [ [http://www.festivalfocus.org/external.php?uid=478 External Site : Chichester Film Festival ] ] Film Festivals in 2008 documents these celebrations and the acquisition of 8 further large works which as of July 2008 will form a permanent new riverside Putney Sculpture Trailin London's Borough of Wandsworth, to be unveiled in September 2008.
Putney is serviced by mainline trains from
Waterloo Stationand London Underground from both East Putney and Putney Bridge. Services to Waterloo are every 5 to 10 minutes making it a popular location for young professionals commuting into central London.
Train journey times are between 14 and 19 minutes depending on the number of stops and time of day. Trains are especially crowded at peak times (especially in the morning rush hour between 7.45am and 9am, where in some cases the train is full before all passengers can board). The last train from Waterloo to Putney is at 00.18 hrs.
Putney is frequented by bus routes 14, 22, 39, 74, 85, 93, 220, 265, 270, 337, 424, 430 and 485 and nightbuses N22, N10, N14 and N93. The N14 transports revellers from the West End every 5-10 minutes, with a journey time of approximately 45 minutes.
Nearest tube stations
East Putney tube station
Putney Bridge tube station
Nearest railway station
Putney railway station
* [http://www.livettslaunches.co.uk/page/4.40.html Putney Pier]
* [http://www.putneysw15.com/ Putney SW15 website]
* [http://www.putneysociety.org.uk/ The Putney Society]
* [http://www.labourwandsworth.org.uk/ The Labour Party's Putney pages]
* [http://www.putneyconservatives.co.uk/ The Conservative Party's Putney pages]
* [http://www.putney-libdems.org/ The Liberal Democrat Party's Putney pages]
* [http://www.putneyrotary.org.uk/ Rotary Club of Putney]
* [http://www.rotaract.org.uk/putney Rotaract Club of Putney]
* [http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/20310 Hammersmith, Fulham and Putney] , by Geraldine Edith Mitton and John Cunningham Geikie, 1903, from
* [http://www.putneybsac.com/index.php Putney BSAC Scuba Diving Club]
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Putney — ist ein Stadtteil von London Borough of Wandsworth Orte in den USA: Putney (Georgia) Putney (Vermont) in Australien: Putney (New South Wales) Siehe auch: Putney Bridge, eine Brücke über die Themse … Deutsch Wikipedia
Putney — Putney, GA U.S. Census Designated Place in Georgia Population (2000): 2998 Housing Units (2000): 1223 Land area (2000): 21.475471 sq. miles (55.621213 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.190578 sq. miles (0.493596 sq. km) Total area (2000): 21.666049 sq … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Putney, GA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Georgia Population (2000): 2998 Housing Units (2000): 1223 Land area (2000): 21.475471 sq. miles (55.621213 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.190578 sq. miles (0.493596 sq. km) Total area (2000): 21.666049 sq. miles (56 … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Putney — (spr. Putni), Dorf in der englischen Grafschaft Surrey, südwestlich von London, an der Themse, Fulham (s.d.) gegenüber u. mit diesem durch Brücke verbunden, u. an der London Windsor Zweigbahn der englischen Südwestbahn; 2000 Ew. Geburtsort des… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
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Putney — Nine Elms La gare de Putney. Géographie Pays … Wikipédia en Français
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Putney — Original name in latin Putney Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/New York longitude 31.47018 latitude 84.11768 altitude 65 Population 2898 Date 2011 05 14 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
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