- Barnes, London
infobox UK place
country = England
map_type = Greater London
london_borough= Richmond upon Thames
constituency_westminster= Richmond Park
postcode_area = SW
postcode_district = SW13
Barnes is an affluent, riverside
Londonsuburb in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It is located around convert|5.8|mi|km|1 west south-west of Charing Crossin a loop of the River Thames, with Hammersmith Bridgeat the north end. With its relatively secluded location (the river acts as a barrier to much through traffic) and elegant houses, Barnes is often seen as a quieter place to live than the alternatives of Fulham, Kensingtonor Chelsea.Fact|date=December 2007
Historically a part of
Surrey, Barnes appears in the " Domesday Book" of 1086 as "Berne". It was held by the Canons of St Paul of London. Its "Domesday" Assets were: 8 hides, paying tax with Mortlake; 5 ploughs, 20 acres of meadow. It rendered (in total): £7. [ [http://www.gwp.enta.net/surrnames.htm "Domesday Book" for Surrey] ]
Some of the oldest housing in London can be found on The Terrace, a road lined with Georgian mansions which runs along the west bend of the river. The Terrace also has an original
red brickpolice station built in 1891. This police station was recently re-modelled as apartments.
Barnes also has a very attractive village Church of St Mary, which was built in the late 16th century.
Castelnau in North Barnes, on the banks the river and Hammersmith Bridge, has an attractively designed small church, Holy Trinity. The area beween Castelnau and Lonsdale Road contains a 1930s council estate (including roads such as Nowell Road, Stillingfleet Road and Washington Road), mostly consisting of "Boot Houses", these were houses constructed by Henry Boot company. These houses no longer meet building regulations and need to have their external walls reconstructed. This means that new buyers cannot get a mortgage on un-reconstructed houses and so residents of this area have usually lived in their houses for a long time (in some cases it being passed down). Fact|date=June 2008
In recent years Barnes has been cited as the leading area in the
United Kingdomfor internet shopping with £150 pa per head being spent. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/5295224.stm Barnes tops home shopping league] ]
A permanent tourist attraction in Barnes is the
WWT London Wetlands Centre, next to Barn Elms, comprising over 40 hectares of artificial wetlands created on the site of a former reservoir as a bird sanctuary. Barnes also has an attractive village green and duck pond (recently rebuilt after a series of leaks).
A popular-cultural attraction is the
Olympic Studioson Church Road. Relocated from Central Londonin 1966, the studios have played host to many of rock and pop music's greatest stars down the decades, from The Beatles, the Rolling Stones, Queen, Eric Clapton, Jimi Hendrix, Pink Floydand Led Zeppelinto Massive Attack, Duran Duran, Coldplay, Madonna, Mike Barnes, Robert Warren, and Will Young.
Facing the Thames, at the end of Lonsdale Road,
The Bull's Headpub is known as the suburban Ronnie Scott'sand was one of the first and most important jazzvenues in Britain from the postwar years onward.
The Old Sorting Office arts centre adjacent to Barnes Pond has also become a focus in London as a venue for
artand fringe theatre, hosting numerous exhibitions and theatre productions. Well-known names to have performed at the venue include Patricia Hodge, Stephanie Cole, Timothy West, Julia Watson and Julian Glover.
Marc Bolan's Rock Shrine
The site of pop musician
Marc Bolan's car crash on Queen's Ride in 1977, in which he was killed, now forms Bolan's Rock Shrine. The memorial receives frequent visits from his fans, and in 2002 a bronze bust of Bolan was installed to mark the twenty-fifth anniversary of his death. In 2007 the site was given Official Recognition by the English Tourist Board as a 'Sight of Rock 'n' Roll Importance' in their Guide 'England Rocks'. [http://www.marc-bolan.org TAG’s Marc Bolan & T-Rex Web Site - Legal Guardians of Marc Bolan's Rock Shrine] ] [http://www.enjoyengland.com/information/brochures/campaign/england-rocks/ Get your Free England Rocks Guide Here] ]
Barnes has a unique place in the history of
football. Firstly, Headmaster of St Paul's School, Richard Mulcasteris credited with taking mob footballand turning it into an organised, refereed team sport that was beneficial for schoolboys. St Paul's School is currently sited on Lonsdale Road, although in Mulcaster's time it was located at St Paul's Cathedralin the City of London.
Furthermore, Barnes was home to
Ebenezer Cobb Morleywho in 1862 was a founding member of the Football Association. In 1863, he wrote to Bell's Life newspaper proposing a governing body for football, and this led to the first meeting at the Freemason's Tavern where the FA was created. He was the FA's first secretary (1863-6) and at his home in Barnes he set out the first set of rules for modern soccerand these were adopted by the FA and subsequently spread throughout the world. As a player he took part in the first match played according to today's rules. Ebenezer Cobb Morleymay be considered the father of Soccerfor his key role in establishing modern Association Football.
Barnes Rugby Football Clubhas evidence to show that it is the oldest club in the world in any football code. Its ground is next to the WWT London Wetlands Centreat Barn Elms.
Also of note is that the loop of the Thames surrounding Barnes forms part of the Championship Course used for the
Oxford and Cambridge Boat Raceand several other major Tideway head races. This stretch of the river is heavily used by rowers throughout the year.
Well-known people who have lived in Barnes include:
Chris Patten, the last UK Governor of Hong Kong, who was present along with the Prince of Walesat the handover to the People's Republic of Chinain 1997 is officially Baron Patten of Barnes, having chosen his place of residence as the basis for his title. He is currently the patron of the Tory Reform Groupand Chancellor of Newcastle Universityand Oxford University.
* Gretchen Franklin, former Eastenders actress
Henry Fielding, writer
Gustav Holst, composer
Tim Henman, tennis player
Brian May, member of rock group Queen
Alistair McGowan, comedian
Lynn Redgraveand John Clark, actors
Tim Rice, lyricist
Anneka Rice, broadcaster
Kurt Schwitters, artist
Ray Stubbs, broadcaster
Dame Ninette de Valois, founder of the Royal Ballet
David Harsent, poet
Roger McGough, poet
Marcel Desailly, sportsman
Simon Le Bon, member of pop group Duran Duran
Basil Moss, actor
Aled Jones, singer
Jon Pertwee, actor
Jan Pienkowski, artist, illustrator, and children's author
Sheherazade Goldsmith, author and environmentalist
Zac Goldsmith, environmentalist
Robert Pattinson, actor, musician
Ralph McTell, songwriter and singer
Pete Tong, radio 1 disc jockey
Richmond Park's current Member of Parliament is Liberal Democrat and former London mayoral candidate
Susan Kramer. The prospective candidate for the Conservative Party at the next general election, for the parliamentary constituencyof Richmond Parkincluding Barnes, is Zac Goldsmith.
Places adjoining Barnes:
Barnes Bridge railway station
Barnes railway station
* [http://www.osoarts.org.uk/ The Old Sorting Office arts centre website]
* [http://www.barnesrfc.org/ Barnes Rugby Football Club]
* [http://www.acbe.co.uk/holytrinity/ Holy Trinity Church, Barnes]
* [http://www.savetheheartofwhitehartlane.co.uk/ Save The Heart of White Hart Lane]
* [http://www.barnes-history.org.uk/ Barnes and Mortlake History Society]
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