infobox UK place
country = England
map_type = Greater London
region = London
static_image_caption = St Mary's Hospital
official_name = Paddington
latitude = 51.5172
longitude = -0.1730
os_grid_reference = TQ267814
london_borough = Westminster
post_town = LONDON
dial_code = 020
constituency_westminster = Cities of London and Westminster
Paddington is an area of the
City of Westminster, in Central London, England. It was formerly a metropolitan borough of itself, but was integrated with Westminster and Greater Londonin 1965.
Historically a part of
Middlesex, the earliest extant reference to "Padington" is in the year 1056. Three important landmarks of the district are Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Bruneland opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital and Paddington Green police station(the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom).
Paddington has been home to many famous sons, daughters and associated residents, including:
Robert Browning, the great Victorian poetwho lived at Beauchamp Lodge on the junction of two canals and named that precinct "Little Venice". (The name is now given to a longer reach of the canal system.)
* Edward Wilson,
physician, naturalistand ornithologistwho died in 1912 on Captain Robert Scott's ill-fated British Antarctic expedition. The Senior Street primary school was renamed the Edward Wilson School after him in 1952.
* At St Mary's Hospital in 1874, C R Alder Wright synthesised
heroin(diacetylmorphine). Also there, in 1928, Sir Alexander Flemingfirst isolated penicillin.
* A notable contemporary resident is
Michael Bond, the authorof children’s and adult fiction, most famously "Paddington Bear"
* Celebrity actors associated with Paddington include Sir
Alec Guinness, Emma Thompsonand Kiefer Sutherland, .
Margaret Jay, former Labour leader in the House of Lords and daughter of James Callaghanlives in the area and has the title 'Baroness Jay of Paddington'.
References in fiction
*Possibly the most famous fictional reference to Paddington comes from
Michael Bond's Paddington Bearbooks. In the story, Paddington is named after the station where he was found and adopted.
*In the BBC mini-series of
John le Carré's " Smiley's People", the General lives off Westbourne Terrace, and Smiley later visits, with scenes also filmed around Paddington Station and Craven Road.
Railway Seriesbooks by Rev. W. Awdry, the character Duck the Great Western Engineis said to have once lived here.
Sherlock Holmesshort story " The Stockbroker's Clerk", Dr. Watson mentioned that he purchased a practice in the Paddington district.
4.50 from Paddington" is one of the most well-known of Agatha Christie's Miss Marplemystery novel series.
* In the original stage version of "
Oliver!", Oliver meets the Artful Dodgeroutside what is now Paddington Green; this is changed in the 1968 film version, in which Oliver meets him in the marketplace of London.
Paddington has a main-line railway station, Paddington station, with commuter service to the west of London (e.g.
Slough, Maidenhead, Reading, Swindon) and main-line service to Oxford, Bristol, Bath, Taunton, Exeter, Plymouth, Cornwalland South Wales(including Cardiffand Swansea). There is also the Heathrow Expressservice to Heathrow Airport.
In the station are statues of its designer
Isambard Kingdom Bruneland the children's fiction character Paddington Bear.
* Paddington Bridge
Pretty Polly Perkins of Paddington Green"
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