infobox UK place
country = England
map_type= Greater London
postcode_district= RM11, RM12
Hornchurch is a town in the
London Borough of Haveringin East London, England. It is a suburban development located convert|15.2|mi|km|1|lk=on east north-east of Charing Cross. Hornchurch is home to the Queen's Theatre, a modern 500–seat theatre located close to the town centre. Havering Sixth Form Collegeis located in the town. It is also home to Hornchurch Town Football Club, a team playing in the Romford & District League, set up and managed by Bradley Lay.
River Ingrebourneforms the boundary with Upminsterto the east. Hornchurch borders Romfordto the north west and Rainham to the south.
Stone Agetools, Bronze ageand Iron ageartefacts have been discovered in Hornchurch, indicating a lengthy occupation in pre-history. Roman remains, sufficient to indicate a settlement have also been found in South Hornchurch. [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42809 "Hornchurch: Introduction"] , A History of the County of Essex: Volume 7 (1978), pp. 25-31. accessed: 10 June 2008] Historically, the parish was conterminous with the Royal Manor and Liberty of "Havering-atte-Bower", with Hornchurch village - then known as Suttons Manor, located in the south of the area. From the time of Edward the Confessor, the land was in Royal ownership - passing to William the Conquerorat the conquest. In 1086, the name "Havering" was applied to the entire district.
Hornchurch originates from around the 12th century when Henry II gave convert|1500|acre|km2|1|lk=on to the hospice of St Nicholas and St Bernard, Mountjoux, in
Savoyas a gift. A prosperous priory and church were established in Hornchurch, near the parish church, but the monks were forced out during the 14th century when a new law banned foreign land ownership. The lands were then given to Lord Chancellor William of Wykehamwho made major renovations to the church. He subsequently gave Hornchurch to endow New College, Oxford, which still owns all the local church lands and buildings. Due to this, Saint Andrew's church was not adopted into the Diocese of Chelmsforduntil agreement was reached in the 1930s. The parish remains staffed by a Vicar temporal and his curates. It was one of three former parishes whose area comprised the historic Liberty of Havering. [http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10199463&c_id=10001043 Vision of Britain] - Havering atte Bower liberty]
"Hornchurch" is an Anglicised version of the
Latin"Monasterium Cornutum", a term that was also applied to the mother Abbey in Savoy. The earliest recorded use here was in 1222, meaning 'church with horn-like gables' and it was recorded as "Hornechurch" in 1233. The horned bull's head mounted on the eastern end of Saint Andrews church, near the town centre dates from much later; around the 18th Century. [Mills, A., "Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names", (2000)]
A fanciful alternate version has it that the name was originally "Hore Church", so named because it was built by a
prostitute, to atone for her sins. A king disliked the name and had it renamed "Hornchurch" and horns were affixed to the church to keep up the allusion. [ [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=6-E8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA83&lpg=PA83&dq=%22horn+church%22+repertorium&source=web&ots=ktt1o5vGWw&sig=FEsu3gkx3xGBGvKs890kWme6ljk&hl=en "Horn Church in Essex"] , "The Every-day Book and Table Book; or, Everlasting Calendar of Popular Amusements, Sports, Pastimes, Ceremonies, Manners, Customs, and Events, Each of the Three Hundred and Sixty-Five Days, in Past and Present Times; Forming a Complete History of the Year, Months, and Seasons, and a Perpetual Key to the Almanac, Including Accounts of the Weather, Rules for Health and Conduct, Remarkable and Important Anecdotes, Facts, and Notices, in Chronology, Antiquities, Topography, Biography, Natural History, Art, Science, and General Literature; Derived from the Most Authentic Sources, and Valuable Original Communication, with Poetical Elucidations, for Daily Use and Diversion. Vol III.", ed. William Hone, (London: 1838) p 84. Retrieved on 2008-06-06] [ [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=BuexGW6cYp8C&pg=PA196&lpg=PA196&dq=hornchurch+%22hore-church%22&source=web&ots=KDlTGxcysS&sig=0d77XBM8RHJyOrcBPAii5VRIfAg&hl=en "Horn Church in Essex"] , "London: Being an Accurate Description of the British Metropolis and its Neighbourhood to Thirty Miles Extent, From an Actual Perambulation. Vol VI.", David Hughson, (London: 1809) p 196. Retrieved on 2008-06-08] The prostitute in question may have been Alice Perrers, who is said to have been related to William of Wykehamand mistress of Edward III. [ [http://www.havering.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=4597 "Heritage Strategy for Hornchurch"] , Havering London Borough Council website. Retrieved on 2008-06-08] This version is unlikely, as the explanation antedates adoption of the name.
The Church Spire
St Andrew's Church spire is copper clad. In the late 1960s the corrosion of the copper had become so bad in the lower three quarters of the spire that it had to be replaced. An appeal was raised with the usual barometer-style appeal progress indicator clearly visible to passers by on Upminster Road. Eventually, in the early 1970s the cladding was replaced and the new copper panels correctly treated with
patenation oilto preserve the copper as it oxidized. Hence it went dull black. However, as the top portion was unchanged, the church has always been spoiled by the odd appearance of old and new copper cladding. In the early 21st century the patena has started to bloom, and finally the spire is transforming into the once uniform malachite green colour of aged copper. For the scientifically minded, copper has two oxides; Copper I Oxide, which is black; and Copper II Oxide, which is green. Whilat the oil application certainly will lengthen the life of the spire, it was a most unfortunate inclusion in the repair specification as the two tone spire tended to blight the spire of the Hornchurch icon.
World War Iand World War IInearby Hornchurch Airfieldwas an important RAF station; is was known as RAF Suttons Farm during WWI, with its HQ as far away as Upminster Hall. During WWII, the airfield was known as RAF Hornchurch, and was home mostly to a number of Spitfire squadrons, with an advanced sub-station at Rayleigh. The land has since been reused for a large housing development and Hornchurch Country Park.
Like most suburbs of London, Hornchurch had been entirely rural until the arrival of the railway which spurred huge property development during the early 1900s. Whole estates were constructed such as
Emerson Parkto the north. Development was fuelled further by the arrival of the electrified District Lineduring the 1930s with inter and post war housing developments south and west of Hornchurch in places such as Elm Park. Hornchurch Urban Districtwas formed in 1926 from part of Romford Rural District. In 1934 it was enlarged to include Upminster, Cranham, and North Ockendonalthough none are today considered part of Hornchurch. The council offices were located at Langtonsuntil 1965 when the present-day London Borough of Haveringwas formed. A.F.C. Hornchurchare the local football team, formed to replace Hornchurch F.C.with Havering Hockey Club(formerly Hornchurch Hockey Club) accommodating the field hockey fixtures from their Harrow Lodge Park base.
Hornchurch is identified in the
London Planas a "district centre", with few well known "High Street" names other than banks and a supermarket, with some small independent or specialist businesses and a growing number of restaurants and bars. The town centre competes mostly with nearby Romfordand the out-of-town shopping centres of Lakeside and Bluewater.
There are no stations in central Hornchurch, however four stations are located within the town;
Upminster Bridge tube stationis located just within its eastern boundary, Hornchurch tube stationis located about a half-mile south of the high street, Elm Park tube stationis about a mile and a half to the south west and Emerson Park railway stationis located about a half-mile to the north. The nearest main line railway station is at Upminster.
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Hornchurch F.C. — Hornchurch F.C. were an non League football club based in East London. They played in the Conference South, after being promoted from the Isthmian League. The Urchins stadium was Hornchurch Stadium, in Upminster and the highest attendance was… … Wikipedia
Hornchurch — steht für Hornchurch, Stadtteil von London Borough of Havering, England London Borough of Havering, Ort in England Hornchurch (London Underground) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unt … Deutsch Wikipedia
hornchurch — ˈhȯrnˌchərch adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Hornchurch, urban district, England : of or from the urban district of Hornchurch, England : of the kind or style prevalent in Hornchurch … Useful english dictionary
Hornchurch — Original name in latin Hornchurch Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.55685 latitude 0.21664 altitude 27 Population 25470 Date 2010 05 25 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Hornchurch — geographical name former urban district SE England in Essex, now part of Havering … New Collegiate Dictionary
hornchurch — horn·church … English syllables
Hornchurch Country Park — is a park on the former site of Hornchurch Airfield, south of Hornchurch in the London Borough of Havering, East London.The River Ingrebourne passes through the park and if forms part of Thames Chase Community Forest. The most popular part of the … Wikipedia
Hornchurch tube station — is a London Underground station on the District Line, located in Hornchurch and a short walk south from the town centre. The station is in Zone 6, located between Elm Park and Upminster Bridge stations.HistoryThe station was opened by the London … Wikipedia
Hornchurch Urban District — infobox historic subdivision Name= Hornchurch HQ= Langtons, Hornchurch Status= Urban district Motto= A good name endureth Origin= Hornchurch parish Government= Hornchurch Urban District Council Start= 1926 End= 1965 Replace= London Borough of… … Wikipedia
Hornchurch Stadium — Infobox Stadium stadium name = Hornchurch Stadium nickname = caption = location = Upminster, Greater London, England coordinates = gbmappingsmall|TQ553866 opened = 1956 renovated = 2004 owner = Havering Council operator = surface = Synthetic,… … Wikipedia