- Socialist Party (Sweden, 1929)
Leader Nils Flyg (1929–1943)
Agaton Blom (1943–1948)
Founded 1929 Dissolved 1948 Newspaper Folkets Dagblad Politiken Ideology Communism International affiliation International Communist Opposition (1929–1933),
International Revolutionary Marxist Centre (1933–1948)
The Socialist Party (Swedish: Socialistiska partiet), initially known as the Communist Party of Sweden (Sveriges kommunistiska parti), was a political party in Sweden active from 1929 to 1948. The party was founded in 1929 by the major faction of the Communist Party of Sweden, led by Karl Kilbom and Nils Flyg, as the party split into two parties with the same name. This faction was generally known as Kilbommare ("Kilbomians") while the other minor party was known as Sillénare ("Sillénians", after their leader Hugo Sillén).
This party won over the entire communist parliamentary faction and a major part of the militancy. They were also able to win over the main publication of the communist party, Folkets Dagblad Politiken.
The Kilbom-led SKP held the congress prior to the Sillén-led party. At the congress there was a debate regarding the character of the party, whether to continue the system of party cells (the structure of the pre-split SKP) or whether to become a more open mass party. In the end the statues adopted by the congress differed little from those of the pre-split SKP. Party cells remained the basic organization of the party, and in places where no cell existed a party member would be organized in the arbetarkommun directly. However the criteria for membership was somewhat laxed, the sole remaining criteria was activism in the base level organization.
In 1930 Flyg, as an MP, put forward a motion on separation of church and state. The motion was voted down in the Lower House.
The Kilbom party merged in 1934 with a break-away group of the Social Democrats based in Göteborg, led by Albin Ström. At the time of the merger, the party changed its name to the Socialist Party (Socialistiska partiet). The transformation into SP also marked a break with the previous line of the party towards Comintern and the Soviet Union. Initially the party had tried to persuade the Comintern to be allowed to return to the International. Gradually, however the party became more and more antagonistic toward the Comintern and the Soviet Union.
The party gradually disintegrated, and many of the most prominent leaders such as Kilbom, left the party in 1937. During World War II, their staunch anti-Soviet line led the party to actually embrace some pro-German views (partially since the huge financial problems of the party led it to seek financial aid from Germany). As a result of this, in 1940, a group of members that included Albin Ström and Evald Höglund broke away and formed the Left Socialist Party. In the elections the same year, the party lost its parliamentary representation.
When Flyg died in 1943 he was succeeded as party leader by Agaton Blom. During the final years of the war, the party continued to lose members and support, and changed its name to the Swedish Socialist Party (Svenska socialistiska partiet). It was finally dissolved in 1948.
The local units of the party were known as "Socialist Labour Communes" (Socialistiska Arbetarkommuner).
In terms of international contacts, the party was initially associated with the International Communist Opposition and later with the International Revolutionary Marxist Centre (also known as the "London Bureau").
The youth league of the party was called the Socialist Youth League (Socialistiska ungdomsförbundet), affiliated to the International Bureau of Revolutionary Youth Organizations.
Electoral results of the party (in elections to the Riksdag):
- Left Socialist Party (Sweden), Vänstersocialistiska partiet, 1940–1963)
- Socialist Party (Sweden, 1971)
- ^ Bolin, Jan. Parti av ny typ?: skapandet av ett svenskt kommunistiskt parti 1917-1933. Stockholm: Distribution, Almqvist & Wiksell International, 2004. p. 371
- Blomqvist, Håkan: Gåtan Nils Flyg och nazismen ISBN 91-7203-877-2
- Hübinette, Tobias (2002). Den svenska nationalsocialismen - medlemmar och sympatisörer 1931-45. ISBN 91-7203-472-6
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Socialist Party (Sweden) (disambiguation) — There have been several political parties in Sweden with the name Socialist Party ( sv. Socialistiska partiet):* Socialist Party (Sweden, 1929), Socialistiska partiet , 1929 ndash;1944 * Socialist Party (Sweden, 1971)Socialist Party (Sweden) may… … Wikipedia
Socialist Party (Sweden, 1971) — The Socialistiska Partiet is a Swedish political party, the Swedish section of the reunified Fourth International. The party was formed at a congress in 1971, through the merger of the Revolutionary Marxists (RM) and the Bolshevik Group (BG).… … Wikipedia
Revolutionary Socialist Party (Sweden) — Revolutionära Socialistiska Partiet (Revolutionary Socialist Party), a Swedish political party founded in 1945, as the Independent Labour Party ( Oberoende Arbetarpartiet ). It was founded by a group that had split from the Left Socialist Party… … Wikipedia
Socialist party (disambiguation) — Socialist Party may refer to: Action * Arab Socialist Action Party * Arab Socialist Action Party – Arabian Peninsula * Liberal Socialist Action Party * National Socialist Action Party * Sardinian Socialist Action Party * Senegalese Party of… … Wikipedia
Left Party (Sweden) — Infobox Political party name english = Left Party name native = Vänsterpartiet party chairman = Lars Ohly foundation = 1917 ideology = Socialism, Feminism international = Nordic Green Left Alliance european = New European Left Forum europarl =… … Wikipedia
Socialist Workers' Party of Sweden — (in Swedish: Sveriges Socialistiska Arbetarparti ) was a small far right political party in Sweden 1985 1991. Essentially it was a one man outfit headed by Percy Brunström.In 1991 the party contested the parliamentary elections in coalition with… … Wikipedia
Socialist Youth League (Sweden) — The Socialist Youth League ( Socialistiskiska Ungdomsförbundet ) was the youth organization of the Swedish Socialist Party. The organization was formed in 1929. Initially it was known as the Communist Youth League ( Kommunistiska Ungdomsförbundet … Wikipedia
National Socialist People's Party of Sweden — Fascist People s Party of Sweden (in Swedish: Sveriges Fascistiska Folkparti) was a political party in Sweden. It was founded on September 3, 1926, by a circle around the publication Nationen. Its cadre was made up of members of the Fascist… … Wikipedia
Communist Party of Sweden — The name Communist Party of Sweden (Sveriges Kommunistiska Parti, abbreviated SKP) has been used by several political parties in Sweden: Left Party (Sweden), known as the Communist Party of Sweden between 1921 and 1967 Communist Party of Sweden… … Wikipedia
Nazi Party — National Socialist German Workers Party Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei … Wikipedia