List of political ideologies


List of political ideologies

This is a list of political ideologies. Many political parties base their political action and election program on an ideology. In social studies, a political ideology is a certain ethical set of ideals, principles, doctrines, myths or symbols of a social movement, institution, class, or large group that explains how society should work, and offers some political and cultural blueprint for a certain social order. A political ideology largely concerns itself with how to allocate power and to what ends it should be used. Some parties follow a certain ideology very closely, while others may take broad inspiration from a group of related ideologies without specifically embracing any one of them. The popularity of an ideology is in part due to the influence of "moral entrepreneurs", who sometimes act in their own interests.

Political ideologies have two dimensions:
#Goals: How society should function or be organized.
#Methods: The most appropriate way to achieve this goal.

An ideology is a collection of ideas. Typically, each ideology contains certain ideas on what it considers to be the best form of government (e.g. democracy, theocracy, etc), and the best economic system (e.g. capitalism, socialism, etc). Sometimes the same word is used to identify both an ideology and one of its main ideas. For instance, "socialism" may refer to an economic system, or it may refer to an ideology which supports that economic system.

Ideologies also identify themselves by their position on the political spectrum (such as the left, the centre or the right), though this is very often controversial. Finally, ideologies can be distinguished from political strategies (e.g. populism) and from single issues that a party may be built around (e.g. opposition to European integration or the legalisation of marijuana).

Division in groups

The following list attempts to divide the ideologies found in practical political life into a number of groups; each group contains ideologies that are related to each other. The headers refer to names of the best-known ideologies in each group. The names of the headers do not necessarily imply some hierarchical order or that one ideology evolved out of the other. They are merely noting the fact that the ideologies in question are practically, historically and ideologically related to each other. Note that one ideology can belong to several groups, and there is sometimes considerable overlap between related ideologies. Also, keep in mind that the meaning of a political label can differ between countries and that parties often subscribe to a combination of ideologies.

The list is strictly alphabetical. Thus, placing one ideology before another does not imply that the first is more important or popular than the second.

Ideologies related to Anarchism

*General
**Anarchism
**Anarchism without adjectives
**Platformism

*Individualist anarchism
**Individualist anarchism
**Mutualist anarchism
**Anarcho-capitalism

*Social anarchism
**Communist anarchism
**Anarcha-feminism
**Anarcho-syndicalism
**Collectivist anarchism
**Social anarchism
**Social ecology
**Post-left anarchy (disputed)

*Environmentalist anarchism
**Anarcho-primitivism
**Eco-anarchism
**Green anarchism

*Religious anarchism
**Christian anarchism
**Jewish anarchism
**Islamic anarchism
**Buddhist anarchism

Ideologies related to Conservatism

*Agrarianism
*Christian democracy
*Communitarianism
*Conservatism
**Conservatism
**Liberal conservatism
**National conservatism
**Neoconservatism
**Paleoconservatism
**Social conservatism
**Regional variants
***American conservatism
***Canadian conservatism

Ideologies related to Environmentalism

*Anarcho-primitivism
*Eco-Anarchism
*Ecofascism
*Ecofeminism
*Eco-socialism
*Ecologism
*Environmentalism
*Green anarchism
*Green politics
*Social ecology

Ideologies related to Feminism

*Anarcha-feminism
*Cultural feminism
*Ecofeminism
*Feminism
*Individualist feminism
*Liberal feminism
*Lesbian feminism
*Marxist feminism
*Masculism
*Postmodern feminism
*Psychoanalytic feminism
*Radical feminism
*Religious feminism
**Religious feminism
**Jewish feminism
**Christian feminism
**Islamic feminism
*Separatist feminism
*Socialist feminism
*Womanism

Ideologies related to Liberalism

*Liberalism
**Classical liberalism
**Conservative liberalism
**Liberalism
**Liberal feminism
**Neoliberalism
**Ordoliberalism
**Paleoliberalism
**Social liberalism
*Libertarianism
**Agorism
**Anarcho-capitalism
**Geolibertarianism
**Georgism
**Left-libertarianism
**Libertarianism
**Minarchism
**Neolibertarianism
**Objectivism
**Paleolibertarianism
*Radicalism
**Radicalism
**Republicanism
*Other
**Individualist feminism
**Progressivism

Ideologies related to Nationalism

*General
**Nationalism
*Producerism
*Fascism
**Austrofascism
**Brazilian Integralism
**Clerical fascism
**Fascism
**Falangism
**Greek fascism
**Italian fascism
**Japanese fascism
**Nazism
**Neo-Fascism
**Rexism
**Ustaše
*Regional variants
**Gaullism
**Hindu nationalism
**Peronism
**Irish Nationalism and Irish Republicanism
**Zionism
***Labor Zionism
***Religious Zionism
***Revisionist Zionism
*Unification movements
**African socialism
**Arab socialism
**Pan-Africanism
**Pan-Iranism
**Pan-Arabism

Ideologies related to Religion

*General
**Religious feminism
**Religious socialism
*Buddhism
**Buddhist anarchism
**Buddhist socialism
*Christianity
**Christian anarchism
**Christian communism
**Christian Democracy
**Christian feminism
**Christian socialism
**Clerical fascism
**Dominionism
**Liberation Theology
*Hinduism
**Hindu nationalism
*Islam
**Islamic anarchism
**Islamic socialism
**Islamism
*Judaism
**Jewish anarchism
**Jewish feminism
**Religious Zionism
*Sikhism
**Khalistan movement

Ideologies related to Socialism

*General
**Socialism

*Reformist Socialism
**Democratic Socialism
***Austromarxism
***Bernsteinism
***Democratic socialism
***Fabianism
***Reformism
***Revisionism
**Social Democracy
***Social democracy
***Market socialism
***Neosocialism
***Third way
**Other
***Socialist feminism

*Regional variants
**African socialism
**Arab socialism
**Bolivarianism
**Labor Zionism
**Melanesian socialism
**Socialism with Chinese characteristics

*Religious socialism
**Religious socialism
**Christian socialism
**Islamic socialism
**Liberation Theology
**Buddhist socialism

*Revolutionary Socialism
**General
***Communism
***Revolutionary socialism
**Marxism
***Autonomist Marxism
***Eurocommunism
***Guevarism
***Luxemburgism
***Maoism
***Marxism
***Kautskyism
***Marxism-Leninism
***Marxist feminism
***Marxist humanism
***Neo-marxism
***Situationism
***Anti-Revisionism (or Stalinism)
***Titoism
***Trotskyism
***Western Marxism
***Left communism
***Council communism

*Individualist Anarchism
**Individualist anarchism [Tucker, Benjamin. [http://flag.blackened.net/daver/anarchism/tucker/tucker37.html Labor and Its Pay] , from Individual Liberty: Selections from the Writings of Benjamin T. Tucker] [The Anarchist Reader]
**Mutualist anarchism [ [http://www.mutualist.org/id32.html A Mutualist FAQ: A.4. Are Mutualists Socialists?] ]

*Social Anarchism
**Communist Anarchism
**Anarcho-syndicalism
**Collectivist anarchism
**Eco-socialism
**Social anarchism
**Social ecology

*Other
**Guild socialism
**Libertarian socialism
**Syndicalism
**Utopian socialism
**Distributism

References


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