official_name = Eskilstuna
image_caption = Eskilstuna River and Gamla Stan (Old Town)
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Municipality
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_type3 = Province
area_footnotes =cite web |title=Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2000 och 2005 |publisher=
Statistics Sweden|url=http://www.scb.se/statistik/MI/MI0810/2005A01B/T%E4torternami0810tab1.xls |format=xls |language=Swedish |accessdate=2008-08-24]
area_total_km2 = 29.75
population_as_of = 2005-12-31
population_total = 60,185
population_density_km2 = 2023
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=59 |latm=22 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=16 |longm=31 |longs= |longEW=E
Eskilstuna (pronounced|ˈɛscɪlsˌtʰʉːna) is a city in
Södermanland, Swedenand the seat of Eskilstuna Municipality. About 60,200 of the municipality's 93,101 inhabitants live in the seat. Eskilstuna also has a large Sweden Finn population.
The town is located on the River Eskilstunaån (or Torshällaån or Hyndvadsån depending on where you are on the river), which connects
Lake Hjälmarenand Lake Mälaren.
It is served by the
Svealand railwayline (" Svealandsbanan") between Stockholmand Hallsberg. The connections to the capital have improved in the last years - a train ride between the two cities now takes about an hour - and Eskilstuna has attracted many new inhabitants who commute to their places of work in greater Stockholm. European route E20also passes the city.
Eskilstuna's history dates back to medieval times when English
monk Saint Eskilmade "Tuna" his base and diocese of the South coast of Lake Mälaren. Saint Eskil was stoned to death by the pagan vikingsof neighbouring town Strängnäs, 30 km east of Eskilstuna, trying to convert them to Christianity.Fact|date=October 2007 Saint Eskil was buried in his monasterychurch in Tuna. Later the pagan city of Strängnäswas Christianised and was given the privilege of becoming dioceseof South Lake Mälaren. Later "Eskil" was added in to the word "Tuna". However, the town of Eskilstuna did not receive municipal privileges due to its proximity to the medieval city of Torshälla. The monastery of Saint Eskil was completely destroyed by Swedish king Gustav Vasaduring the Protestant Reformationand was replaced with the royal castle of Eskilstuna House.
The city's first city privileges were granted in 1659, and its boundaries included Tunafors and the newly-founded town of "Karl Gustavs Stad" ("City of Karl Gustav"), located on the west side of the river. Karl Gustavs Stad was built around the iron forges of master smith
Reinhold Rademacher, encouraged by King Karl X Gustav. The first products of the forges were small armsand artillery.
Karl Gustavs Stad was a free town from 1771, where manufacturers and craftsmen were allowed to establish tax-free workshops and factories. The town was merged with the rest of Eskilstuna in 1879.
The city grew enormously during the
Industrial Revolutionand became one of the most important industrial cities of Sweden, earning the nickname "Stålstaden" ("The City of Steel"). Aside from firearms, the city also produced cutlery, scissors, keys, machine tools and precision instruments. As a tribute to the steel industry, the figure of a steel worker is included in the city's coat of arms.
The city remains an important industrial city with internationally-known companies such as
VolvoWheelloaders and main site for the heavy machinery division of Volvo and Assa(locks, keys). The modern co-establishment of the Mälardalen University("Mälardalens högskola") together with the twice as large neighbouring city of Västerås, has also given Eskilstuna an academic touch. The city also has a combined zooand amusement park- Parken Zoo, most famous for its white tigers.
The most successful sports clubs of the city are the Smederna Speedway motorcycle racing club (Blacksmiths), and the handball club
GUIF, which have both placed in the top divisions of their respective sports in Sweden for many years.
Eskilstuna is sometimes called "The Sheffield of Sweden". The origin of this comparison with
Sheffieldis unknown, even though the both cities share the characteristics of being early industrialised and later struck with mass unemployment. There's probably a connection to the common history of Steel and steel-related industry as well.
Eskilstuna has been twinned with
Gatchina, in Russia since 1943, Luton, in England since 1949, and with Lvivin Ukrainesince 1994.
* Anna Vasa (1568-1625) royal sister of the monarch of
Poland, Swedenand Lithuania, Sigismund III Vasa.
Kennet Andersson(born 6 October 1967) former international football player, 5 goals in the 1994 World Cup
Robert Andersson, Bowlingpairs world champion 2006
Kent Carlsson(born 3 January 1968), former world top 6 ranked Tennisplayer
Towa Carson(born 31 March 1936) popular Schlager(pop ballad) singer, Melodifestivalenparticipant (1960s through 2000s)
Folke Heybroek(1913-1983) Artist, sculptor and Illustrator
Tommy Jansson(1953-1976), Speedway pairs world champion 1973 and 1975.
Sebastian Larsson(born 6 June 1985) football player who currently plays for Birmingham City, former Arsenal player
* Kjell Johansson (born 5 October 1946), former world champion
Daniel Gildenlöw(born 5 June 1973), member of progressive metal band Pain of Salvation.
Tomas Gustafson, Former triple Olympic champion in Speedskating.
* Kent, founded 1990, one of Sweden's best-selling Rock Groups. Lead vocalist and main songwriter
Fredrik Lindström, linguisticsexpert, author, comedian and TV host.
Anni-Frid Lyngstad(born 15 November 1945), member of ABBA
Yvonne Ryding(born 14 December 1962), Miss Universe1984
Mika "Gas" Karppinen(born 8 February 1971), drummer of Finnish band HIM (band)
Mika Väyrynen(born 28 December 1981), Finnish international football player representing SC Heerenveen
* [http://www.eskilstuna.se Eskilstuna] - Official site (in Swedish, French, German, English and Finnish)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Eskilstuna — Eskilstuna … Deutsch Wikipedia
Eskilstuna — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Localización de Eskilstuna en Suecia … Wikipedia Español
Eskilstuna — Administration Pays Suede !Suède Province historique Södermanland … Wikipédia en Français
Eskilstuna — (spr. éschil ), Stadt im schwed. Län Södermanland, an der kanalisierten Eskilstuna Å (zum Mälar), (1903) 13.515 E.; feine Metallwaren … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Eskilstuna — (spr. Eschilstuna), Stadt an einem Abfluß des Hjelmarsees zum Mälarseeim schwedischen Nyköping Län; Fabriken für Eisen u. Stahlwaaren, Gewehre, Klingen, Nadeln, ferner Eisenhämmer, Messingwerk, Färbereien, Gerberei; 3900 Ew. Die Stadt hat ihren… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Eskilstuna — Eskilstuna, Stadt im schwed. Län Södermanland, zwischen dem Hjelmar und Mälarsee, an der Eskilstunaå und der Eisenbahn Södertelge Mälarbaden, hat eine Technische Schule, eine mechanische Werkstatt mit Eisengießerei, bedeutende Messer und… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Eskilstuna — Eskilstuna, schwed. Stadt in Südermanland mit 2900 E., Metallwaarenfabriken, Kupferhämmern, Messingwerken etc.; Wasserfall des Torshalla … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Eskilstuna — /es kil stooh neuh, styooh /, n. a city in SE Sweden, W of Stockholm. 90,354. * * * ▪ Sweden town, län (county) of Södermanland, southeastern Sweden, on the Eskilstuna River, west of Stockholm. Although it was a trade centre as early as the … Universalium
Eskilstuna — Original name in latin Eskilstuna Name in other language EKT, Ehskil stuna, Eskilstuna, Эскильстуна State code SE Continent/City Europe/Stockholm longitude 59.36661 latitude 16.5077 altitude 27 Population 59016 Date 2011 12 20 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Eskilstuna — Sp Èskilstiuna Ap Eskilstuna L P Švedija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė