A hangar is an enclosed structure to hold
aircraftin protective storage. Most hangars are built of metal, but wood and concrete are other materials used. The word "hangar" comes from a northern French dialect, and means " cattle pen."
Hangars protect aircraft from
weatherand ultraviolet light. Hangars may be used as an enclosed repair shop or, in some cases, an assembly area. Additionally, hangars keep secret aircraft hidden from satellites or spyplanes.
Aircraft storage halls on carriers are also known as hangars.
Carl Rickard Nybergused a hangar to store his " Flugan" in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Louis Bleriotcrash-landed on a northern French farm in Les Baraques(between Sangatteand Calais) and rolled his monoplaneinto the farmer's cattle pen. At the time, Bleriot was in a race to be the first man to cross the English Channelin a heavier-than-airaircraft, so he set up headquarters in the unused shed. After returning home, Bleriot called REIDsteel, the maker of the cattle pen, and ordered three "hangars" for personal use. REIDsteel continues to make hangars and hangar parts.
Wright brothersstored and repaired their airplane in a wooden hangar they constructed in 1902 at Kill Devil Hillsin North Carolinafor their glider. After completing design and construction of the " Wright Flyer" in Ohio, the brothers returned to Kill Devil Hill only to find their hangar damaged. They repaired the structure and constructed a new workshop while they waited for the "Flyer" to be shipped.
One of the largest hangars built was for the former Soviet Air Force, it has now been converted to house a rain forest. Other large hangars are Suvarnabhumi Airport in Thailand measuring 885x295x115 feet, NAS Sunnyvale in the United States measuring 1,133x308x198 feet and the
Filton Aerodromein Bristol, England, measuring 1,155x115x263 feet.
Airship hangar(also referred to as "airship sheds") are generally larger than conventional airplane hangars, particularly in terms of height. Most early airships used hydrogengas to provide them with sufficient buoyancy for flight, so their hangars had to provide protection from stray sparks in order to prevent the flammable gas from exploding. Hangars that held multiple craft of this type were at risk from chain-reaction explosions. For this reason, most hangars for hydrogen-based airships were sized to house only one or two such craft.
During the "Golden Age" of airship travel (starting in 1900), mooring masts and sheds were constructed to build and house airships. The British government built a shed in
Karachifor the R101, and the Brazilian government built one in Rio de Janeiro[http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hangar_do_Zeppelin] for the German Zeppelins. The largest airship hangar, at the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Companyin Akron, Ohio, was used for the construction of the USS "Akron" (ZRS-4) and USS "Macon" (ZRS-5). Its length was 1,175 ft (358 m) and its height 200 ft (61 m).
US Navyestablished ten "lighter-than-air" (LTA) bases across the United States during World War IIas part of the coastal defense plan. Hangars at these bases are some of the world's largest freestanding wood structures. Seven of the original seventeen hangars still exist, with one of them now housing the Tillamook Air Museumin Tillamook, Oregon.
Sheds built for rigid airships survive at
Moffett Field, Lakehurst Naval Air Station, Base Aérea de Santa Cruz ( Rio de Janeiro) [http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hangar_do_Zeppelin] , and Cardington, Bedfordshire.
* [http://www.militarymuseum.org/MCASTustin.html Marine Corps Air Station, Tustin] at the [http://www.militarymuseum.org California Military Museum] website
* [http://www.challoner.com/aviation/hangars/index.html Photo history of British hangars]
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