- Ernst A. Lehmann
Captain Ernst August Lehmann (
May 12, 1886- May 7, 1937) was a German airshipcaptain. He was one of the most famous and experienced figures in German airship travel. In the 1975 film "The Hindenburg", the character of Captain Lehmann was portrayed by Richard Dysart.
Ernst Lehmann was born in 1886 in
Ludwigshafen am Rhein.Krug] At the age of 14, he decided that he wanted to build ships. He studied engineering at Berlin-Charlottenburg Collegeand received his degree in 1912. By this time, he had already joined the navy and had attained the rank of naval reserve lieutenant.
Upon graduation, he began work at the Imperial Dockyards in
Kiel. He did not find this work satisfying so, encouraged by Dr. Hugo Eckener, he joined the DELAGto serve as pilot of the passenger airship LZ 17 "Sachsen". He commanded a total of 550 flights of this ship.
Service during World War I
During the First World War, Captain Lehmann commanded army airships, beginning with the "Sachsen" and followed by the LZ XII,Lehmann Chapter V] LZ 90, LZ 98, and LZ 120.
Post-war commercial airship travel
After the war, Captain Lehmann continued his involvement with the airships, now used for civilian purposes. He made preparations to fly the naval airship L 72 on the first transatlantic crossing of an airship in 1919. Permission was denied by the German government. In 1920, he spent six months in Sweden studying the economics of an airship line between
Stockholmand the Mediterranean, with a stopover in Friedrichshafen. These plans were never realized.
In 1921 he spent four months in the United States to prepare for a planned New York to Chicago airship route, and in 1922 tried to negotiate with USA and England over a North Atlantic route.
With the founding of the
Goodyear Zeppelin Corporationin 1923, Captain Lehmann served as Vice President in charge of engineering.
In 1924, Captain Lehmann was second-in-command of LZ 126 on the first nonstop transatlantic flight between the European and American mainlands. The purpose of the flight was to deliver the Zeppelin to its new owners, the
United States Navy, who rechristened the ship USS "Los Angeles".
Captain Lehmann served as commanding officer on more than 100 of the flights of the "Graf Zeppelin" between 1928 and 1936. In 1936, he commanded 10 round-trip flights to
Lakehurston the new "Hindenburg". Captain Lehmann was a skilled accordionplayer, which he often used to entertain passengers on long flights with renditions of Wagner pieces or German folk songs. [cite book
title=Hindenburg: An Illustrated History
publisher=Madison Press Books
Although Max Pruss was the commanding officer of the last flight of the "Hindenburg", Captain Lehmann was the most senior officer on board. He was fatally burned when the ship caught fire at Lakehurst on May 6, 1937; he died the following day.
At his death, he was sure that the Hindenburg was sabotaged. He came out of the burning wreckage saying "I don't understand it." During a deathbed conversation with Commander
Charles Emery Rosendahl, he said "it must have been an infernal machine."
Ernst Lehmann had been criticized by Hugo Eckener for various reasons. One time he let the "Hindenburg" take off in gusty conditions for a propaganda flight and the ship's lower fin smashed the ground. Dr. Eckener was furious and said to Lehmann:
How could you, Herr Lehmann, order the ship to be brought out in such windy conditions. You had the best excuse in the world for postponing this idiotic flight; instead, you risk the ship, merely to avoid annoying Herr Goebbels. Do you call this showing a sense of responsibility towards our enterprise?
After his death, Hugo Eckener seemingly blamed Lehmann for pushing Max Pruss to land the ship. Though this is what he originally thought, in his heart, he saw himself to blame (deciding against the offer to use helium in 1929).
Captain Lehmann's book "Zeppelin: The Story of Lighter-than-air Craft" [cite book
first=Capt. Ernst A.
title=Auf Luftpatrouille und Weltfahrt
date=1936] , written in collaboration with Leonhard Adelt (who was on board as a guest during the "Hindenburg"'s last flight), had recently been published in German when the "Hindenburg" was destroyed. An English edition, translated by Jay Dratler, was published later in 1937 with a preface and closing chapter by the American airship captain
Charles E. Rosendahl.
Motes and References
*Lehmann, Ernst A.; Mingos, Howard. The Zeppelins. The Development of the Airship, with the Story of the Zepplins Air Raids in the World War. [http://www.hydrogencommerce.com/zepplins/zeppelin1.htm Chapter I GERMAN AIRSHIPS PREPARE FOR WAR] (online chapter)
*Krug, Andreas. [http://www.luftschiff.de/3_luftschiffer/3_eal.htm Biographie Ernst A. Lehmann] . (German) retrieved
* [http://www.frankfurter-hauptfriedhof.de/lakehurst1937.htm Frankfurter Hauptfriedhof: Denkmal zum Luftschiff-Unglück] grave of Captain Lehmann (German)
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