Le Duc Tho


Le Duc Tho

Lê Ðức Thọ (audio|Le Duc Tho.ogg|pronunciation) (October 14, 1911 – October 13, 1990) was a Vietnamese revolutionary, general, diplomat, and politician.

Lê Ðức Thọ was born Phan Đình Khải in the Nam Ha province of Vietnam.

In 1930, Lê Ðức Thọ helped found the Indochinese Communist Party. French colonial authorities imprisoned him from 1930 to 1936 and again from 1939 to 1944. After his release in 1945, he helped lead the Việt Minh, the Vietnamese independence movement, against the French, until the Geneva Accords were signed in 1954. He then joined the Lao Dong Politburo of the Vietnam Workers' Party in 1955, now the Communist Party of Vietnam. Lê oversaw the Communist insurgency that began in 1956 against the South Vietnamese government.

Paris Peace Accords

The United States actively joined the Vietnam War during the early 1960s. Several rounds of Paris Peace Talks (some public, some secret) were held between 1969 and 1973. While Xuan Thuy led the official negotiating team representing the Democratic Republic of Vietnam at the talks in Paris, Lê and U.S. National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger since February 1970 engaged in secret talks that eventually led to a cease-fire in the Paris Peace Accords of January 23, 1973. The basic history of the Accords included: release of POWs within 80 days; ceasefire to be monitored by the International Commission of Control and Supervision (ICC); free and democratic elections to be held in South Vietnam; U.S. aid to South Vietnam would continue; DRV troops could remain in South Vietnam.

While January 23 is generally recognized as the enactment date of the Peace Accords, the talks continued out of necessity. Sporadic fighting continued in some regions. While U.S. ground forces were removed by March 29, bombing continued in North Vietnam. Due to continued allegations of ceasefire violations by all sides, Kissinger and Lê Ðức Thọ met in Paris in May and June 1973 for the purpose of getting the implementation of the peace agreement back on track. On June 13 1973, the United States and the DRV signed a joint communique pledging mutual support for full implementation of the Paris Accords.

Nobel Peace Prize

Lê Ðức Thọ and Henry Kissinger were jointly awarded the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts in negotiating the Paris Peace Accords. [cite web | title =The Nobel Peace Prize 1973 | publisher =Nobel Foundation | url =http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1973/press.html | accessdate =2006-12-31 ] However, Thọ declined to accept the award, stating that there was still no peace in his country. Thọ is the second person to have voluntarily turned down a Nobel Prize, after the 1964 French literature Nobel winner Jean-Paul Sartre. [cite web | last =Lundestad | first =Geir | authorlink =Geir Lundestad | title =The Nobel Peace Prize 1901-2000 | publisher =Nobel Foundation | date =March 15, 2001 | url =http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/articles/lundestad-review/index.html | accessdate =2006-12-31 ]

References

External links

* [http://wwics.si.edu/index.cfm?topic_id=1409&fuseaction=library.document&id=359 October, 1968 Conversation between Le and Chinese Foreign Minister Chen Yi]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Duc Tho District — Duc Tho redirects here. For the Vietnamese politician, see Le Duc Tho. Duc Tho District Huyện Đức Thọ   District   Country & …   Wikipedia

  • Duc Tho — ( vi. Đức Thọ) is a district ( huyện ) of Ha Tinh Province in the North Central Coast region of Vietnam …   Wikipedia

  • Duc Tho — Lê Đức Thọ Pour les articles homonymes, voir Leduc. Phan Dinh Khai ou Lê Đức Thọ (1911 1990) était un homme politique, diplomate et militaire vietnamien. Biographie Né le 14 octobre 1911 dans la province de Nam Ha Ninh, au Centre du Viêt Nam,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Le Duc Tho — Lê Đức Thọ Pour les articles homonymes, voir Leduc. Phan Dinh Khai ou Lê Đức Thọ (1911 1990) était un homme politique, diplomate et militaire vietnamien. Biographie Né le 14 octobre 1911 dans la province de Nam Ha Ninh, au Centre du Viêt Nam,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lê Duc Tho — Lê Đức Thọ Pour les articles homonymes, voir Leduc. Phan Dinh Khai ou Lê Đức Thọ (1911 1990) était un homme politique, diplomate et militaire vietnamien. Biographie Né le 14 octobre 1911 dans la province de Nam Ha Ninh, au Centre du Viêt Nam,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Le Duc Tho — /lay duk toh / (Phan Dinh Khai), 1911 90, Vietnamese politician and statesman: declined 1973 Nobel peace prize. * * * ▪ Vietnamese politician original name  Phan Dinh Khai   born Oct. 14, 1911, Nam Ha province, Vietnam died Oct. 13, 1990, Hanoi… …   Universalium

  • Lê Duc Tho — (1911 1990) homme politique vietnamien. Il fut l un des fondateurs du parti communiste indochinois (1930) et du Viêt minh (1941). Il signa les accords de Paris (1973) conduisant au retrait de l armée américaine du Viêt nam. Il refusa le prix… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Le Duc Tho — Lê Đức Thọ (* 14. Oktober 1911 in Pich Le in der Hà Nam Provinz; † 13. Oktober 1990 in Hanoi; eigentlich Phan Đình Khải) war ein vietnamesischer Politiker und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 1.1 Frühe Jahre und politische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Le Duc Tho — Le Dục Tho,   eigentlich Phan Dinh Khai [fan diɲ ], vietnamesischer Politiker, * Dich Le (Provinz Nam Ha) 14. 10. 1911, ✝ Hanoi 13. 10. 1990; Gründungsmitglied der KP Indochinas (1930) und des Vietminh (1941), 1955 86 Mitglied des Politbüros der …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Huyen Duc Tho — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Huyện Ðức Thọ Country and Admin Code VN.52.1905596 VN …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.