- Irkutsk Oblast
Infobox Russian federal subject
Coat of arms of Irkutsk Oblast
Flag of Irkutsk Oblast
September 26, 1937
PoliticalStatusLink=Oblasts of Russia
EconomicRegion= East Siberian
Charter of Irkutsk Oblast
Irkutsk Oblast ( _ru. Ирку́тская о́бласть, "Irkutskaya oblast") is a federal subject of
Russia(an oblast), located in south-eastern Siberiain the basins of Angara River, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska Rivers. The administrative center is Irkutsk.
Irkutsk Oblast borders with the Buryat and Tuva Republics in the south and south-west, with
Krasnoyarsk Kraiin the west, with the Sakha Republicin the northeast, and with Chita Oblastin the east. The unique and world-famous Lake Baikalis located in the southeast of the region. Irkutsk Oblast consists mostly of the hills and broad valleys of the Central Siberian Plateauand of its eastern extension, the Patom Plateau.
Irkutsk Oblast is located in the Irkutsk Time Zone (IRKT/IRKST). UTC offset is +0800 (IRKT)/+0900 (IRKST).
The climate varies from warm summer continental in the south to continental-subarctic in the northern part (: "Dwc"). For almost half the year, from mid-October until the beginning of April, the average temperature is below C to F|0 [http://www.icc.ru/fed/climat.html] . Winters are very cold, with average high temperatures in Irkutsk of C to F|-14.9 and average lows of C to F|-25.3 in January. Summers are warm but short: the average high in July is C to F|24.5 and the average low is C to F|11.2. However, by September, the weather cools down significantly to an average daily maximum of C to F|15.3 and an average daily minimum of C to F|2.5 [http://www.worldclimate.com/cgi-bin/data.pl?ref=N52E104+1200+0048321G2] [http://www.worldclimate.com/cgi-bin/data.pl?ref=N52E104+1204+0048321G2] . More than half of all precipitation falls in the
summermonths, with the wettest month being July, with 96.2 mm (3.79 in) of rain. January is the driest month, with only 11 mm (0.4 in) of precipitation. Annual precipitation averages 419.8 mm (16.53 in) [http://www.worldclimate.com/cgi-bin/data.pl?ref=N52E104+2100+30710W] .
The main industries of Irkutsk Oblast are metals, energy, logging, oil and fuels, machine-building, chemicals, food industry, and hydroelectricity. The average wages in Irkutsk oblast are ten percent higher than in Russia overallFact|date=February 2007.
The population of the oblast is 2.77 million, of whom 79.6% live in urban areas, and 20.4% in rural areas. The oblast is very thinly populated, with a population density of 3.5 people per square kilometer, compared to a national average of 8.7.
Irkutskis the administrative center and largest city, with 594,500 residents. Other large cities are Angarsk(267,000 people), Bratsk(253,600 people), Usolye-Sibirskoye(104,300 people), and Ust-Ilimsk(107,200 people).
Most of the population are ethnic Russians. A minority group, the
Buryats, have a special Ust-Orda Buryat Okruginside the oblast.
One small ethnic group, concentrated in three villages (Pikhtinsk, Sredne-Pikhtinsk, and Dagnik) in the Zalari District is the so-called "Bug Hollanders": descendants of Polish-speaking
Lutheranfarmers who had moved to Siberia from the then Russian Volhyniain 1911-1912 in search of affordable land. Although they had long lost German (or Dutch) language of their ancestors (even in the early 20th century they spoke Ukrainian and read Polish), they were still considered ethnic Germans, and during World War IIwere usually drafted for work in labor camps, instead of front-line military service. [Olga Solovyova (Ольга Соловьева) [http://www.strana-oz.ru/?numid=27&article=1189 "Bug 'Hollanders'" (БУЖСКИЕ ГОЛЕНДРЫ)] ru icon] Tofalarsnumber 837, an increase from 722 in 1989.
Vital Statistics for 2007
*Births: 34,711 (13.81 per 1000, 13.11 in Urban areas & 16.44 in Rural areas) [http://www.gks.ru] .
*Deaths: 35,157 (13.99 per 1000, 13.75 in Urban areas & 14.88 in Rural areas).
*Natural Growth Rate: -0.02% per year (-0.06% in Urban areas & +0.16% in Rural areas).
Music of Irkutsk
* [http://www.kommersant.com/p-41/r_384/Irkutsk_Region/ Kommersant.com] . Information about Irkutsk Oblast.
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Look at other dictionaries:
Irkutsk Oblast — Irkutsk Oblast, o Provincia de Irkutsk, es una provincia rusa localizada al sureste de Siberia, en la cuenca de los ríos Angara, Lena y Nizhnyaya Tunguska. Ocupa un área de unos 767.900 km², o 4.6% del territorio ruso … Enciclopedia Universal
Irkutsk Oblast — An administrative region of the Russian Federation. Part of the Siberian Federal District and East Siberian Economic Region, Irkutsk is bordered by Sakha, Buryatiya, Tuva, Zabaykalsky Krai, and Krasnoyarsk. Enclosed within its borders is the… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
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