- William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby
William II de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby, [c.1168–c.1247] was a
favouriteof King John of England. He succeeded to the estate (but not the title) upon the death of his father, William de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby, at the Siege of Acrein 1190. He was head of a family which controlled a large part of Derbyshirewhich included an area known as Duffield Frith.
He adopted his father's allegiance to King Richard as the reigning king. On Richard's return from the
Third Crusade, in the company of Earl David Ceannmhor and the Earl of Chesterhe played a leading role in besieging Nottingham Castle, on the 28th March 1194, which was being held by supporters of John Lackland. For seven weeks after this he held the position of Sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. [ See High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and the Royal Forests.]
On the accession of John after the death of his brother, in 1199, William gave him his allegiance, and became a great favourite. He restored to the Ferrars' family the title of
Earl of Derby, along with the right to the "third penny", and soon afterwards bestowed upon him the manors of Ashbourneand Wirksworth, with the whole of that wapentake, subject to a fee farm rent of £70 per annum. [Bland, W., 1887 Duffield Castle: A lecture at the Temperance Hall, Wirksworth Derbyshire Advertiser]
When, in 1213, John surrendered his kingdoms of England and Ireland to the Pope, William was one of the witnesses to the "Bulla Aurea." In the following year William gave surety on behalf of the king for the payment of a yearly tribute of 1,000 marks.
In the same year, 1214, the King granted the Earl the royal castle of Harestan (Horsley Castle). William was a patron of at least 2 abbeys and 4 priories. In 1216, John made him bailiff of the Peak Forest and warden of the Peak Castle
In that year, John was succeeded by the nine year-old Henry III. Because of continuing discontent about John's violations of the
Magna Carta, some of the barons had approached Prince Louis of France who invaded in that year. William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembrokeacting on behalf the young King sought to repel the invaders and pacify the barons. His forces with the assistance of de Ferrers, the Earl of Chester and others, defeated the rebels at the siege of Lincoln.
De Ferrers was allowed to retain the royal castles of Bolsover, Peak and Horston (Horsley until the King's 14th birthday. The last named had been given him in 1215 as a residence for his wife, during its planned absence with the King on Crusade. [Turbutt, G., (1999) "A History of Derbyshire. Volume 2: Medieval Derbyshire," Cardiff: Merton Priory Press] and the Earl was among those who made representation to the King, which would in 1258 led to the
Provisions of Oxford.
Henry reached his fourteenth birthday in 1222 and his administration sought to recover the three royal castles, to de Ferrers indignation. (In 1254 they would pass to Edward, Henry's son, exacerbating Robert, the sixth's earl's resentment against the prince.) [J. R. Maddicott, 'Ferrers, Robert de, sixth earl of Derby (c. 1239–1279)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [ accessed 28 Oct 2007] ]
He was married to Agnes De Kevelioch, sister of
Ranulph de Blondeville, 4th Earl of Chester, for 55 years. As the Earl advanced in years he became a martyr to severe attacks of the gout, a disease which terminated his life in the year 1247. He was succeeded by his elder son, also William, the Fifth Earl of Derby.
Family and children
William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby
# Sibyl (or Agnes) de Ferrers, married Sir John Vespont [http://armidalesoftware.com/issue/full/Thaler_492_main.html#N1] , Lord of Appleby and had issue.
# Sir Thomas of Chartley Ferrers
# Sir Hugh of Bugbrooke Ferrers (married and had issue)
* [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL1.htm#WilliamFerrersDerbydied1247B FMG on William de Ferrers, 4th Earl Derby]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby — William III de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby (1193 ndash; March, 1254), was an English nobleman and head of a family which controlled a large part of Derbyshire including an area known as Duffield Frith. He was born in Derbyshire, England, the son… … Wikipedia
Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby — Infobox Person name = image size = 200px caption = birth date = 1239 birth place = Tutbury Castle, Derbyshire death date = 1279 death place = education = occupation = English nobleman spouse = Mary (at age 10) and Eleanor parents = William de… … Wikipedia
Earl of Derby — is a title in the Peerage of England. The title was first adopted by Robert de Ferrers, 1st Earl of Derby under a creation of 1139. It continued with the Ferrers family until the 6th Earl forfeited his property toward the end of the reign of… … Wikipedia
Ferrers — may refer to:People;Notable people *Charles Vere Ferrers Townshend, (1861–1924), British army general *Elizabeth Ferrers, (c.1250 – c.1300), daughter of William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby *George Ferrers, (1500? – 1579), Member of Parliament… … Wikipedia
William de Wendenal — (also William de Wendeval) was a Norman baron probably born during the mid 12th century. He was one of the highest officials left in charge of the Kingdom of England when King Richard the Lionheart was away at the Third Crusade to reclaim the… … Wikipedia
William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke — (1146 ndash; 14 May 1219), also called William the Marshal (Guillaume le Maréchal), was an Anglo Norman soldier and statesman. He has been described as the greatest knight that ever lived (Stephen Langton). He served five kings Henry the Young… … Wikipedia
William Douglas the Hardy — Infobox Monarch name =William Douglas title =Lord of Douglas caption =Seal of William the Hardy reign = coronation = othertitles = predecessor =William Longleg, Lord of Douglas successor =Sir James Douglas married = Elizabeth Stewart Eleanor de… … Wikipedia
Earl of Stair — John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair. Earl of Stair is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1703 for the lawyer and statesman John Dalrymple, 2nd Viscount of Stair. He actively supported William III s claim to the throne and served… … Wikipedia
Earl of Dundonald — s Coat of arms. … Wikipedia
Earl of Morton — The title Earl of Morton was created in the Peerage of Scotland in 1458 for James Douglas of Dalkeith. Along with it, the title Lord Aberdour was granted. This latter title is the courtesy title for the eldest son and heir to the Earl of Morton.… … Wikipedia