- David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon
He was the youngest surviving son of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon and Ada de Warenne, a daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey, and Elizabeth of Vermandois. His paternal grandfather was David I of Scotland. Huntingdon was granted to him after his elder brother William I of Scotland ascended the throne. David's son John succeeded him to the earldom.
In the litigation for succession to the crown of Scotland in 1290–1292, the great-great-grandson Floris V, Count of Holland of David's sister, Ada, claimed that David had renounced his hereditary rights to the throne of Scotland. He therefore declared that his claim to the throne had priority over David's descendants. However, no explanation or firm evidence for the supposed renounciation could be provided.
On 26 August 1190 David married Matilda of Chester, daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester. He was almost thirty years Matilda's senior. The marriage was recorded by Benedict of Peterborough.
David and Matilda had seven children:
- Margaret of Huntingdon (c. 1194 – c. 1228), married Alan, Lord of Galloway, by whom she had two daughters, including Dervorguilla of Galloway.
- Robert of Huntingdon (died young)
- Ada of Huntingdon, married Sir Henry de Hastings, by whom she had one son, Henry de Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings.
- Matilda (Maud) of Huntingdon (-aft.1219, unmarried)
- Isobel of Huntingdon (1199–1251), married Robert Bruce, 4th Lord of Annandale, by whom she had two sons, including Robert de Brus, 5th Lord of Annandale.
- John of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon (1207 – 6 June 1237), married Elen ferch Llywelyn. He succeeded his uncle Ranulf as Earl of Chester in 1232, but died childless.
- Henry of Huntingdon (died young)
After the extinction of the senior line of the Scottish royal house in 1290, when the legitimate line of William the Lion of Scotland ended, David's descendants were the prime candidates for the throne. The two most notable claimants to the throne, Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale (grandfather of King Robert I of Scotland) and John of Scotland were his descendants through David's daughters Isobel and Margaret, respectively.
Robin Hood Connection?
David is a possible inspiration figure for the Robin Hood legend because the legend plays at the same time as David lived in the 1190s. Another similarity is the Earl of Huntingdon question, because a historian names Robin Hood as a possible Earl of that area. Also both had taken part in the Third Crusade and by 1194 David had taken part at the siege of Nottingham Castle where the High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Derby County was taken captive. His son Robert who died young was also a possible inspiration for Robin Hood.
Ancestors of David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon 16. Duncan I of Scotland 8. Malcolm III of Scotland 17. Suthen 4. David I of Scotland 18. Edward the Exile 9. Saint Margaret of Scotland 19. Agatha 2. Henry, Earl of Northumbria 20. Siward, Earl of Northumbria 10. Waltheof II, Earl of Northumbria 21. Aelfflaed of Bernicia 5. Maud, Countess of Huntingdon 22. Lambert II, Count of Lens 11. Judith of Lens 23. Adelaide of Normandy 1. David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon 24. Rodulf II de Warenne 12. William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey 25. Emma 6. William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey 13. Gundred, Countess of Surrey 3. Ada de Warenne 28. Henry I of France 14. Hugh I of Vermandois 29. Anne of Kiev 7. Elizabeth of Vermandois 30. Herbert IV, Count of Vermandois 15. Adelaide, Countess of Vermandois 31. Adele of Valois
NotesDavid of Scotland, Earl of HuntingdonBorn: ? c. 1144 Died: 17 June 1219
Scottish royalty Preceded by
William the Lion
Heir of Scotland
as heir presumptive
9 December 1165–1193
Margaret of Scotland, Countess of Kent
Peerage of England Preceded by
Simon of St Liz
Earl of Huntingdon Succeeded by
John de Scotia
[Known] Mormaers/Earls from Lennox line (to 1458)
David of Huntingdon ¶ · Ailín I · Ailín II · Maol Domhnaich · Maol Choluim I · Maol Choluim II · Domhnall · Margaret with Baltar mac Amlaimh · Donnchadh · Isabella with Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany
¶ - Not from Lennox line
- ^ Charles Cawley. "Kings of Scotland". Medieval Lands. http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTLAND.htm.
- ^ Charles Cawley. "England, earls created 1067-1122". Medieval Lands. http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL.htm.
- ^ "thePeerage.com - Person Page 10777". Thepeerage.com. http://www.thepeerage.com/p10777.htm#i107766. Retrieved 2008-11-08.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
John of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon — John of Scotland or John de Scotia (c. 1207 ndash; 6 June, 1237), sometimes known as the Scot , was an Anglo Scottish magnate, the son of David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon by his wife Maud, daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc.John married Elen ferch … Wikipedia
Earl of Huntingdon — is a title which has been created several times in the Peerage of England. The title is chiefly associated with the Hastings family. Sir William Hastings (c. 1430 1483) served as Lord Chamberlain and as Ambassador to France. On 26 July 1461 he… … Wikipedia
David Carnegie, 14th Earl of Northesk — David John MacRae Carnegie, 14th Earl of Northesk (3 November 1954 – 28 March 2010) was a British hereditary peer, landowner and member of the House of Lords. David Carnegie was the son of Robert, the 13th Earl (1926–94), and Jean Margaret MacRae … Wikipedia
David of Scotland — may refer to: David I of Scotland (c.1085–1153) David II of Scotland, (1324–1371), son of Robert the Bruce David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon, (1144–1219), Scottish prine, grandson of David I This disambiguation page lists articles… … Wikipedia
David Ogilvy, 13th Earl of Airlie — The Earl of Airlie Born 17 May 1926 (1926 05 17) (age 85) London, England Title Earl of Airlie Tenure 28 December 1968 present ( 10000000000000042000000 … Wikipedia
Heinrich von Schottland, 3. Earl of Huntingdon — Heinrich von Schottland (Henry of Scotland oder Eanric mac Dabíd; * 1114; † 12. Juni 1152) war ein schottischer Prinz. Er war der Sohn von König David I. und Maud, 2. Countess of Huntingdon. Heinrich war der Erbe des Königreichs Alba und (durch… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Simon II de Senlis, Earl of Huntingdon-Northampton — Simon II de Senlis (d. 1153) was an Anglo Norman nobleman. He was the son of Simon I de Senlis, Earl of Huntingdon Northampton and Maud, Countess of Huntingdon. He married Isabel, daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester.He was… … Wikipedia
Earl of Northampton — is a title that has been created five times. Earls in for the Honour of Huntingdon, first Creation (1065)*Waltheof (d. 1076) *Maud, Countess of Huntingdon ** m. Simon I de Senlis ** m. David I of Scotland *Henry of Scotland (1114 1152) *Simon II… … Wikipedia
Earl of Northampton — ist ein britischer Adelstitel, der viermal in der Peerage of England verliehen wurde. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Earls of Northampton (in der Honour of Huntingdon), Erste Verleihung (1065) 2 Earls of Northampton, Zweite Verleihung (1337) … Deutsch Wikipedia
David I of Scotland — David I King of the Scots ... (more) Reign April or May 1124 – 24 May 1153 Coronation Scone, April or May 1124 … Wikipedia