1774 in Great Britain


1774 in Great Britain

Events from the year 1774 in the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Incumbents

*Monarch - George III of the United Kingdom
*Prime Minister - Frederick North, Lord North, Tory

Events

* 2 January - The Society of Antiquaries open the coffin of King Edward I and discover that his body has been perfectly preserved for 467 years. [cite book|title=The Every Day Book of History and Chronology|publisher=D. Appleton & co|author=Joel Munsell|year=1858]
* 31 March - American Revolutionary War: Britain orders the port of Boston, Massachusetts closed in the Boston Port Act.cite book|last=Williams|first=Hywel|title=Cassell's Chronology of World History|publisher=Weidenfeld & Nicolson|year=2005|isbn=0-304-35730-8|pages=328]
* 2 June - Intolerable Acts: The Quartering Act, requiring American colonists to let British soldiers into their homes, is reenacted.
* 22 June - Quebec Act passed setting out rules of governance for the colony of Quebec in British North America.
* 1 August - Independent discovery of Oxygen by Joseph Priestley. ["Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air" Priestley 1775]
* 4 October - A highwayman robs Prime Minister Frederick North, Lord North near Chiswick.cite book |last=Palmer |first=Alan & Veronica |year=1992 |title= The Chronology of British History|publisher= Century Ltd|location=London|pages= 226-227|isbn= 0-7126-5616-2]

Publications

* Luke Hansard begins printing the transcripts of parliamentary debates.
* Methodist founder John Wesley's pamphlet "Thoughts Upon Slavery" arguing against the slave trade. [cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/launch_tl_british.shtml|title=BBC History British History Timeline|accessdate=2007-09-03]

Births

* 29 January - Olinthus Gregory, mathematician (died 1841)
* 24 February - Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (died 1850)
* 16 March - Captain Matthew Flinders, explorer (died 1814)
* 12 August - Robert Southey, poet and biographer (died 1843)
* Edward Baines, newspaper-proprietor and politician (died 1848)
* Arthur Thistlewood, conspirator (died 1820)

Deaths

* 1 July - Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, statesman (born 1705)
* 14 July - James O'Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley, field marshal (born 1682)
* 22 November - Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, general and statesman (suicide, born 1725)
* 25 November - Henry Baker, naturalist (born 1698)

References

ee also


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