1814 in the United Kingdom


1814 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 1814 in the United Kingdom.

Incumbents

*Monarch - George III of the United Kingdom
*Prime Minister - Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Tory

Events

* 14 January
** Treaty of Kiel cedes Danish Heligoland to Britain.cite book |last=Palmer |first=Alan & Veronica |year=1992 |title= The Chronology of British History|publisher= Century Ltd|location=London|pages= 246-247|isbn= 0-7126-5616-2]
** Last River Thames frost fair in London.cite book|title=Penguin Pocket On This Day|publisher=Penguin Reference Library|isbn=0-141-02715-0|year=2006]
* 12 February - a fire destroys the Custom House in London. [cite book |title=The London Encyclopaedia|author=Ben Weinreb & Christopher Hibbert|publisher= Macmillan|year= 1995|isbn =0-333-57688-8|pages=287]
* 10 April - the Duke of Wellington wins the Battle of Toulouse, ending the Peninsular War.
* 5 May - War of 1812: The British attack Fort Ontario at Oswego, New York.
* 30 May - Treaty of Paris (1814): Britain takes control of Malta, Tobago, Saint Lucia, and Mauritius from France.
* 22 June - First cricket match is played at Lord's Cricket Ground in St John's Wood.
* 5 July - War of 1812: Battle of Chippewa - American Major General Jacob Brown defeats British General Phineas Riall at Chippewa, Ontario.
* 25 July - War of 1812: Battle of Lundy's Lane - Reinforcements arrive near Niagara Falls, Ontario for General Riall's British and Canadian force, and bloody, all-night battle with Jacob Brown's Americans commences at 18.00; Americans retreat to Fort Erie.
* 12 August - In England the last hanging under the Black Act — William Potter for cutting down an orchard — even the judge petitioned for reprieve.
* 13 August - signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814; by the treaty, the Dutch colonies of Cape of Good Hope, Demerara, Essequibo and Berbice are ceded to Britain.
* 24 August - War of 1812: British troops burn Washington, DC, The Burning of Washington.
* 28 August - Alexandria, Virginia offers surrender to the British fleet without a fight.
* 23 October - The first plastic surgery carried out in England by Dr Joseph Constantine Carpue.
* 29 November - The first edition of "The Times" to be printed using a steam press.
* 24 December - Treaty of Ghent signed by the United Kingdom and the United States ending the War of 1812, however due to the time it took for news to reach America, fighting continued for weeks.

Undated

* George Stephenson designs his first locomotive "Blücher".
* John Abernethy appointed lecturer in anatomy to the Royal College of Surgeons.
* John Keats leaves apprenticeship to become a student at a local hospital.
* Britain's first public art gallery, the Dulwich Picture Gallery, opens.

Publications

* Jane Austen's novel "Mansfield Park".
* Walter Scott's novel "Waverley".

Births

* 7 January - Robert Nicoll, poet (died 1837)
* 21 April - Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts, philanthropist (died 1906)
* 28 August - Sheridan le Fanu, writer (died 1873)

Deaths

* 27 January - Philip Astley, circus promoter (born 1742)
* 12 April - Charles Burney, music historian (born 1726)
* 12 July - William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe, general (born 1729)
* 19 July - Captain Matthew Flinders, explorer of the coasts of Australia (born 1774)
* 25 July - Charles Dibdin, composer (born 1745)
* 31 August - Arthur Phillip, admiral and first governor of New South Wales (born 1738)
* 9 December - Joseph Bramah, inventor and locksmith (born 1748)

References

ee also


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