- Canals in Cheshire
A large number of canals were built in
Cheshire, Englandduring the early phases of the Industrial Revolutionto transport goods and raw materials. This resulted in a significant canal network which is now enjoyed by holiday-makers, anglers, walkers, and others.
Routes of navigable canals
The Bridgewater Canal runs from
Preston Brook, near Runcorn, to Leigh in Greater Manchester. The original section of the canal starts at CastlefieldBasin in Manchester city centre where it joins the Rochdale Canal. The canal runs west from Manchester for about convert|4|mi|km|0, where it splits into two parts at "Waters Meeting" junction. It then passes Hulme Lock, an unused connection to the River Irwelland the Manchester Ship Canal, and a new lock at Pomona which accesses the Ship Canal.
From Waters Meeting, the original part of the canal passes over the
Manchester Ship Canalon the Barton Swing Aqueductat Salfordand travels about convert|15|mi|km|0 to Leigh, where it makes an end-on connection with the Leeds and Liverpool Canal.
The other part of the canal travels about convert|20|mi|km|0 south-west to
Runcorn, passing through the towns of Sale and Lymm, and to the south of central Warrington. At Preston Brook, the canal connects with the Trent and Mersey Canal.
Trent and Mersey Canal
The Trent and Mersey Canal links the
River Trentat Derwent Mouth (in Derbyshire) to the River Mersey. The second connection is made via the Bridgewater Canal, which it joins at Preston Brookin Cheshire. Although mileposts measure the distance to Preston Brook and Shardlow, Derwent Mouth is a mile or so beyond Shardlow.
Peak Forest Canal
The Peak Forest Canal runs from a junction with the
Ashton Canalat the southern end of the Tame Aqueduct at Dukinfieldthrough Newton, Hyde, Woodley, Bredbury, Romiley, Marple, Strines, Disley, New Mills, Furness Vale, and Bridgemont. It terminates at Bugsworth Basin, and there is a short branch at Bridgemont to Whaley Bridge. This canal is just over convert|14.5|mi|km|1 long.
At Marple, the canal crosses
Marple Aqueductand then rises through 16 locks and makes a junction at Top Lock with the Macclesfield Canal.
The Wardle Canal is located in
Middlewich, Cheshire, and connects the Trent and Mersey Canalto the Shropshire Union Canal (Middlewich branch). It is the shortest canal in the UK, at approximately convert|100|ft|m|1 long, and terminates with a single lock (known as Wardle lock).
The Macclesfield Canal runs convert|26|mi|km|0 from Marple Junction where it joins the
Peak Forest Canal, southwards (through Bollington, Macclesfield, and Congleton), to a junction with the Trent and Mersey Canalnear Kidsgrove.
hropshire Union Canal
The Shropshire Union Canal links
Wolverhampton(and the Birmingham Canal Navigations) with the River Mersey.
Bridgewater Canalis often considered to be the first true canal in Britain. However, the Sankey Canalalso has good claim to that title. Although the Sankey Canal was originally contained within the old county of Lancashire, the transfer of Warrington and Widnes to Cheshire means that it now lies partly in the county. Preston Brook also lies in Cheshire, south of the River Mersey.
Where possible, opening dates for the entire length have been used. Otherwise the date indicates when the
Act of Parliamentwas granted.
* 1721 -
* 1757 - Sankey Brook Navigation - Engineer
Henry Berryand William Taylor,
* 1761 -
Bridgewater Canal- Engineer James Brindley
* 1772 -
* 1777 -
Trent and Mersey Canal- Engineer James Brindley
* 1796 -
* 1800 -
Peak Forest Canal- Engineer Benjamin Outramand Thomas Brown
* 1804 -
* 1829 -
* 1831 -
* 1835 -
Shropshire Union Canal- Engineer Thomas Telfordand others
* 1894 -
Manchester Ship Canal- Engineers Edward Leader Williams
List of canals in Cheshire
The following is an incomplete list of canals (or navigable rivers) which pass (at least in part) through Cheshire:
Trent and Mersey Canal
Shropshire Union Canal
Manchester Ship Canal
Peak Forest Canal
tructures found on canals
Anderton Boat Lift
* Red Bull Aqueduct
Marple Lock Flight
The Cheshire Ring
The Cheshire Ring is a popular canal cruise which includes six of the canals in Cheshire. Because it takes approximately a week to complete, it is suited to narrowboat holidays which start and return to the same location. The route has 92 locks and is convert|97|mi|km long. It is popular because it offers a contrast between the city centre of Manchester, views of the
Peak District, and the Cheshire Plain. [cite web | title=British Waterways Inland Canal Navigations - the Cheshire Ring | work=Papillon Graphics' Virtual Encyclopaedia of Greater Manchester | url=http://www.manchester2002-uk.com/maps/canalss-map.html | accessdate=2007-01-08]
Geography of the United Kingdom
History of the British canal system
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