Eleazar Wheelock

Eleazar Wheelock

Eleazar Wheelock (April 22, 1711 – April 24, 1779) was an American Congregational minister, orator, educator, and founder of Dartmouth College.

He was born in Windham, Connecticut to Ralph Wheelock and Ruth Huntington. He is the great-grandson of the first teacher of the first free school in the United States (see Dedham, Massachusetts), The Rev. Ralph Wheelock. In 1733, he graduated from Yale College having won the first award of the Dean Berkeley Donation for the distinction in classics. He continued his theological studies at Yale until he was licensed to preach in May of 1734, and installed as pastor of the Second Congregational Church of Lebanon, Conn. in February of 1735. He served as their minister for 35 years. On April 29, 1735, he married Sarah Davenport. He participated fully and enthusiastically in the Great Awakening, which had begun to sweep the Connecticut River Valley around the time of his graduation from Yale. He was one of its greatest proponents in Connecticut, serving as the "chief intelligencer of revival news".

In 1743, he took in a student named Samson Occom, a Mohegan who knew English, and had been converted to Christianity in his childhood. Wheelock's success in preparing Occom for the ministry encouraged him to found a school in Lebanon for Native American Indians, with the purpose of instilling, in the boys, elements of secular and religious education, so that they could return to their native culture as missionaries. The girls were to be taught "housewifery" and writing. The school was to be supported by charitable contribution. His plans to educate the young Native American students in his school, which was called the Moor's Charity School, located on the Lebanon town green, did not progress well however - many of his students became sick and died while some turned profligate and in other ways failed to successfully pursue the charter of missionary work.

He eventually decided to enlarge the school and add a college (for the education of Indians and whites in the classics, philosophy, and literature) and began to search for another location for the schools. Wheelock obtained a charter from King George III on December 13, 1769. Samson Occom and the British Board of Trustees headed by Lord Dartmouth opposed the addition of the college, and despite (or because of) Lord Dartmouth's opposition, Wheelock named the college Dartmouth College. Hanover, N.H. was chosen for the site, and in 1771, four students were graduated in Dartmouth's first commencement, including Wheelock's son John.

The Rev. Eleazar Wheelock died during the Revolutionary War, on April 24, 1779. He is buried in Hanover, N.H. His writings include "Narrative of the Indian School at Lebanon."

During World War II a Liberty Ship (Maritime Hull Number 0038) was named for Rev. Wheelock. This was a C-2 cargo ship outfitted to carry 550 troops. It participated in the Normandy Invasion and is frequently mentioned in the book "The Far Shore" by American author Max Miller.

External links

* [http://www.wheaton.edu/bgc/archives/GUIDES/126.htm Papers of Eleazar Wheelock]
* [http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0852040.html Another Short Biography]
* [http://www.dartmouth.edu/home/about/history.html A Brief History of Dartmouth]
* [http://www.ctheritage.org/encyclopedia/ctto1763/wheelock.htm Short Biography of Eleazar Wheelock]
* [http://www.dartmouth.edu/ Dartmouth College]
* [http://www.dartmouth.edu/~news/features/succession/ Wheelock Succession]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Eleazar Wheelock — Eleazar Wheelock, Gemälde von Joseph Steward Eleazar Wheelock (* 22. April 1711 in Windham, Connecticut; † 24. April 1779 in Hanover, New Hampshire) war ein amerikanischer kongregationalistischer Gemeindepfarrer, Redner, Erzieher und Gründer des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eleazar Wheelock — (22 avril 1711 – 24 avril 1779) était un religieux congrégationaliste américain qui fonda le Dartmouth College en 1769. Figure majeure du « Grand réveil » dans les Treize colonies, Wheelock fonda en 1754 la Moor s Charity School à… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wheelock — and similar may refer to:Placenames*River Wheelock in Cheshire in England. *Wheelock, Cheshire is a long village south of Sandbach in Cheshire in England. *Wheelock, Vermont (a town) *Wheelock, North Dakota is a ghost town in the United… …   Wikipedia

  • Wheelock — steht für: Wheelock (Fluss), Fluss in England Wheelock (Cheshire), Ort in Cheshire in England Wheelock Place, Gebäude in Singapur Wheelock College, Liberal Arts College in Boston Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Wheelock (Texas) Wheelock… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eleazar — ist der Name folgender Personen: Eleazar ha Qappar, Tannait der 4. Generation Simeon ben Eleazar, Tannait der 4. Generation Eleazar de Carvalho (1912–1996), brasilianischer Komponist und Dirigent Eleazar López Contreras (1883–1973), Politiker und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wheelock, Vermont — Infobox Settlement official name = Wheelock, Vermont settlement type = Town nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = 250px map caption = Wheelock, Vermont mapsize1 = map caption1 = subdivision type = Country subdivision name …   Wikipedia

  • Wheelock, Eleazar — ▪ American educator born April 22, 1711, Windham, Conn. [U.S.] died April 24, 1779, Hanover, N.H., U.S.       American educator who was founder and first president of Dartmouth College.       Wheelock graduated from Yale in 1733, studied theology …   Universalium

  • Wheelock — biographical name Eleazar 1711 1779 American clergyman & educator …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Wheelock — /hwee lok, wee /, n. Eleazar, 1711 79, U.S. clergyman and educator: founded Dartmouth College. * * * …   Universalium

  • Wheelock — /hwee lok, wee /, n. Eleazar, 1711 79, U.S. clergyman and educator: founded Dartmouth College …   Useful english dictionary

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»