- Theodore II Laskaris
name =Theodore II Doukas Laskaris
Θεόδωρος Β΄ Δούκας Λάσκαρις
title =Emperor of Nicaea
Byzantine Emperorin exile)
reign =1254 – 1258
John III Doukas Vatatzes
John IV Laskaris
Elena of Bulgaria
issue =John IV Doukas Laskaris
Irene Doukaina Laskarina
Maria Doukaina Laskarina
John III Doukas Vatatzes
date of birth =c. 1222
place of birth =Nicaea
date of death =death date|1258|8|18|df=y
place of death =Nypmhaion, near
Theodore II Doukas Laskaris or Ducas Lascaris ( _el. Θεόδωρος Β΄ Δούκας Λάσκαρις, "Theodōros II Doukas Laskaris") (1221/1222 –
August 18 1258) was emperor of Nicaea, 1254–1258.
Theodore II Doukas Laskaris was the only son of Emperor
John III Doukas Vatatzesand Eirene Laskarina, the daughter of Emperor Theodore I Laskarisand Anna Angelina. Anna was a daughter of Emperor Alexios III Angelosand Euphrosyne Doukaina Kamaterina.
Theodore II received a scholarly education and remained devoted to science and art throughout his life. In contrast with earlier practice, Theodore II was not crowned co-emperor with his father, though he assisted in the government since c. 1241. On the death of John III on
November 4, 1254, Theodore II was acclaimed emperor by the army and the court, but was crowned only after the appointment of a new patriarch, Arsenios Autoreianos, in 1255.
The succession of Theodore II was exploited by the
Bulgarians, who invaded Thraceunder the leadership of the young and inexperienced Michael Asen I of Bulgaria in 1255. In spite of his own scholarly predisposition, Theodore II immediately marched against the Bulgarians and inflicted a crushing defeat on them. During his second expedition in 1256, he managed to conclude a favorable peace with Bulgaria, which may have plunged the latter into a crisis of leadership. Theodore II followed up his victory against Bulgaria by expanding his control in the west, where he annexed Durazzoand Servia, effectively outflanking his rivals in Epirus.
Internally, Theodore II favored bureaucrats from the middle classes, instead of members of the great aristocratic families. This caused considerable opposition by the nobility to the emperor and his chief minister, the "megas domestikos" George Mouzalon. The conflict led to the exile of one of the leaders of the aristocratic faction, the future Emperor
Michael VIII Palaeologus, who was accused of conspiring with the Seljuks of Rum. In the midst of this crisis, Theodore II's epileptic condition worsened, and the emperor died on August 18 1258, leaving George Mouzalon as the regentfor his minor son John IV Laskaris.
Theodore II Doukas Laskaris married
Elena of Bulgaria, daughter of Ivan Asen II of Bulgariain 1235, by whom he had several children including:
* John IV Doukas Laskaris
Irene Doukaina Laskarina, who married Constantine I of Bulgaria
* Maria Doukaina Laskarina, who married
Nikephoros I Komnenos Doukasof Epirus
Michael VIII Palaiologos, having taken the imperial throne and made the 11-year old John IV ineligible for the emperorship by blinding, had Theodore's daughters married off to foreigners, so their descendants could not threaten his own children's claim to the imperial succession.
Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium", Oxford University Press, 1991.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Theodore I Laskaris — Infobox Monarch name =Theodore I Laskaris Θεόδωρος Α΄ Λάσκαρις title =Emperor of Nicaea (Byzantine Emperor in exile) caption = reign =1204 – 1222 predecessor = de jure Alexios V Doukas successor =John III Doukas Vatatzes spouse 1 =Anna Komnena… … Wikipedia
Theodore II Laskaris — Emperor of Nicaea (1254 1258); son of John III Vatatzes (q.v.). He was a man of great learning and refinement, who was taught by George Akropolites and Nikephoros Blemmydes (qq.v.). His childhood companion George Mouzalon, a man of lowly… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Theodore I Laskaris — First emperor (q.v.) (1205 1221) and founder of the Empire of Nicaea (q.v.). After the Fourth Crusade conquered Constantinople (qq.v.) Theodore was unable to persuade patriarch (q.v.) John X Kamateros (1198 1206) to come to Nicaea (q.v.). So… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Theodore Komnenos Doukas — or Theodore Comnenus Ducas (Greek: Θεόδωρος Κομνηνός Δούκας, Theodōros Komnēnos Doukas ), ruler of Epirus from 1215 to 1230 and of Thessalonica from 1224 to 1230, died c. 1253.LifeBorn about 1180/85, Theodore was a legitimate son of the… … Wikipedia
Theodore Lascaris — Théodore Lascaris Théodore Lascaris (1175 1222) était un empereur Byzantin. Biographie Né en 1175, le fils de Manuel Lascaris et Jeanne Karatzas, une ancienne famille grecque, se fit connaître en épousant en 1199 Anna Ange (1185 1204 1212), fille … Wikipédia en Français
Theodore II — can refer to:*Pope Theodore II *Theodore II Laskaris, Byzantine Emperor *Tewodros II of Ethiopia, Theodore II, Emperor of Ethiopia, 1855 1868 … Wikipedia
Laskaris — The Laskaris or Lascaris ( el. Λάσκαρις) family was the dynasty ruling the Empire of Nicaea.Laskarid Emperors of Nicaea* 1204 1222 : Theodore I Laskaris * 1222 1254 : John III Doukas Vatatzes * 1254 1258 : Theodore II Laskaris * 1258 1261 : John… … Wikipedia
Theodore I Lascaris — born с 1174 died November 1221, Nicaea, Nicaean empire First emperor of Nicaea, the Byzantine government in exile during the Crusaders occupation of Constantinople. He distinguished himself during the sieges of Constantinople in the Fourth… … Universalium
Constantine Laskaris — Not to be confused with Constantine Lascaris. Constantine Laskaris Κωνσταντίνος Λάσκαρης Emperor of Nicaea (Byzantine Emperor in exile) Reign 1204–1205 Born ? Birthplace Constantinop … Wikipedia
John IV Laskaris — John IV Doukas Laskaris or Ducas Lascaris (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Δούκας Λάσκαρις, Iōannēs IV Doukas Laskaris ), December 25 1250 ndash; c. 1305) was emperor of Nicaea from August 18, 1258 to December 25, 1261. This small empire was one of the Greek… … Wikipedia