103rd Infantry Division (United States)


103rd Infantry Division (United States)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 103d Infantry Division


caption= 103rd Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia
dates= 1942-1945
country= United States of America
allegiance= United States of America
branch= United States Army
type=
role=
size=
command_structure=
garrison=
garrison_label=
equipment=
equipment_label=
nickname=Cactus Division
patron=
motto=
colors=
colors_label=
march=
mascot=
battles= World War II
anniversaries=
decorations=
battle_honours=
current_commander=
current_commander_label=
ceremonial_chief=
ceremonial_chief_label=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
colonel_of_the_regiment_label=
notable_commanders=Anthony C. McAuliffe
identification_symbol=
identification_symbol_label=
identification_symbol_2=
identification_symbol_2_label=
US Infantry
previous=102nd Infantry Division
next= 104th Infantry Division
The 103d Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War II.

World War II

*Activated: 15 November 1942
*Overseas: 6 October 1944
*Campaigns: Ardennes-Alsace, Rhineland, Central Europe
*Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (United States)-12; Distinguished Service Medal (United States)-1; Silver Star-299; LM-3; SM-14; BSM-2,669; AM-92
*Commanders: Maj. Gen. Charles C. Haffner, Jr. (November 1942-January 1945), Maj. Gen. Anthony C. McAuliffe (January-July 1945), Brig. Gen. John N. Robinson (August 1945 to inactivation).
*Returned to U. S.: 10 September 1945
*Inactivated: 22 September 1945

Combat Chronicle

The 103d Infantry Division arrived at Marseilles, France, 20 October 1944. It relieved the 3d Division at Chevry, 8 November, and attacked west of St. Dié, 16 November, in its drive through the Vosges Mountains. Meeting heavy resistance all the way, it crossed the Meurthe River, took St. Dié, 23 November and captured Diefenbach on 29 November and Selestat on 4 December.

The division crossed the Zintzel River at Griesbach, 10 December. Pushing through Climbach, the 103d crossed the Lauter River into Germany, 15 December, and assaulted the outer defenses of the Siegfried Line. On the 22d, the division moved west to the Sarreguemines area where an active defense was maintained. The enemy offensive did not develop in its sector and the 103d moved to Reichshofen, 14 January 1945, to take up positions along the Sauer River. Defensive patrols were active and a limited attack on Soufflenheim on the 19th was repulsed by the enemy. On the 20th, the division withdrew to the Moder and repulsed German advances near Muehlhausen, 23-25 January. The 103d's offensive began, 15 March 1945. Crossing the Moder and Zintzel Rivers and taking Muehlhausen against sharp opposition, the division moved over the Lauter River and penetrated the defenses of the Siegfried Line. As German resistance disintegrated, the 103d reached the Rhine Valley, 23 March, and engaged in mopping up operations in the plain west of the Rhine River. In April it received occupational duties until 20 April when it resumed the offensive, pursuing a fleeing enemy through Stuttgart and taking Münsingen on the 24th. On April 27 elements of the division entered Landsberg, where Kaufering concentration camp, a subcamp of Dachau, was liberated.Cite web
url=http://www.outtacontext.com/life/archive/000411.shtml
title=Life Outtacontext ISSN 1544-4074
accessdate=2008-06-07
publisher=Jeff Gates
work=
] ["Report After Action: The Story of the 103d Infantry Division", Ralph Mueller and Jerry Turk; 1945, Wagner'sche Universitats-Buchdruckerie, Innsbruck, Tyrol, Austria; distributor, The Infantry Journal, Washington 6, D. C., Pp. 131 - 135] Cite web
url=http://www.nuspel.org/letter.html
title=Excerpt on Web from "Report After Action, ibid".
accessdate=2008-06-07
publisher=nuspel.org
work=
] The men of the division crossed the Danube River near Ulm on the 26th. On 3 May division approached Innsbruck, Austria. A working phone line was found to German HQ in Innsbruck and a German speaking officer called there to demand the German garrison surrender. After a short delay, the Germans gave up. The Germans also surrendered much of western Austria, and the Brenner Pass in northern Italy. Here the 103d linked up with the 88th Infantry Division who had been fighting their way up the Italian continent. After Victory in Europe Day the division received occupational duties until it left for home and inactivation.

Assignments in the European Theater of Operations

*1 November 1944: Seventh Army, 6th Army Group.
*6 November 1944: VI Corps.
*22 December 1944: XV Corps.
*9 January 1945: XXI Corps.
*16 January 1945: VI Corps.
*29 March 1945: Seventh Army, 6th Army Group.
*19 April 1945: VI Corps.

General

*Nickname: Cactus Division
*Shoulder patch: A yellow disk with a green saguaro cactus superimposed upon a patch of blue

ee also

References

*"The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States" U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950 reproduced at [http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/lineage/cc/cc.htm http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/lineage/cc/cc.htm] .


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