- 103rd Infantry Division (United States)
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 103d Infantry Division
caption= 103rd Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia
country= United States of America
allegiance= United States of America
United States Army
World War II
notable_commanders=Anthony C. McAuliffe
previous=102nd Infantry Division
next= 104th Infantry DivisionThe 103d Infantry Division was a unit of the
United States Armyin World War II.
World War II
15 November 1942
6 October 1944
Ardennes-Alsace, Rhineland, Central Europe
Distinguished Service Cross (United States)-12; Distinguished Service Medal (United States)-1; Silver Star-299; LM-3; SM-14; BSM-2,669; AM-92
*Commanders: Maj. Gen. Charles C. Haffner, Jr. (November 1942-January 1945), Maj. Gen. Anthony C. McAuliffe (January-July 1945), Brig. Gen. John N. Robinson (August 1945 to inactivation).
*Returned to U. S.:
10 September 1945
22 September 1945
The 103d Infantry Division arrived at
Marseilles, France, 20 October 1944. It relieved the 3d Division at Chevry, 8 November, and attacked west of St. Dié, 16 November, in its drive through the Vosges Mountains. Meeting heavy resistance all the way, it crossed the Meurthe River, took St. Dié, 23 Novemberand captured Diefenbach on 29 Novemberand Selestaton 4 December.
The division crossed the Zintzel River at Griesbach,
10 December. Pushing through Climbach, the 103d crossed the Lauter River into Germany, 15 December, and assaulted the outer defenses of the Siegfried Line. On the 22d, the division moved west to the Sarregueminesarea where an active defense was maintained. The enemy offensive did not develop in its sector and the 103d moved to Reichshofen, 14 January 1945, to take up positions along the Sauer River. Defensive patrols were active and a limited attack on Soufflenheim on the 19th was repulsed by the enemy. On the 20th, the division withdrew to the Moder and repulsed German advances near Muehlhausen, 23- 25 January. The 103d's offensive began, 15 March 1945. Crossing the Moder and Zintzel Rivers and taking Muehlhausen against sharp opposition, the division moved over the Lauter River and penetrated the defenses of the Siegfried Line. As German resistance disintegrated, the 103d reached the Rhine Valley, 23 March, and engaged in mopping up operations in the plain west of the Rhine River. In April it received occupational duties until 20 Aprilwhen it resumed the offensive, pursuing a fleeing enemy through Stuttgartand taking Münsingen on the 24th. On April 27elements of the division entered Landsberg, where Kaufering concentration camp, a subcamp of Dachau, was liberated.Cite web
title=Life Outtacontext ISSN 1544-4074
work=] ["Report After Action: The Story of the 103d Infantry Division", Ralph Mueller and Jerry Turk; 1945, Wagner'sche Universitats-Buchdruckerie, Innsbruck, Tyrol, Austria; distributor, The Infantry Journal, Washington 6, D. C., Pp. 131 - 135] Cite web
title=Excerpt on Web from "Report After Action, ibid".
work=] The men of the division crossed the
Danube Rivernear Ulmon the 26th. On 3 Maydivision approached Innsbruck, Austria. A working phone line was found to German HQ in Innsbruck and a German speaking officer called there to demand the German garrison surrender. After a short delay, the Germans gave up. The Germans also surrendered much of western Austria, and the Brenner Passin northern Italy. Here the 103d linked up with the 88th Infantry Division who had been fighting their way up the Italian continent. After Victory in Europe Daythe division received occupational duties until it left for home and inactivation.
Assignments in the
European Theater of Operations
1 November 1944: Seventh Army, 6th Army Group.
6 November 1944: VI Corps.
22 December 1944: XV Corps.
9 January 1945: XXI Corps.
16 January 1945: VI Corps.
29 March 1945: Seventh Army, 6th Army Group.
19 April 1945: VI Corps.
*Nickname: Cactus Division
*Shoulder patch: A yellow disk with a green saguaro cactus superimposed upon a patch of blue
*"The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States" U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950 reproduced at [http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/lineage/cc/cc.htm http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/lineage/cc/cc.htm] .
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