- Legion of Merit
Legion of Merit Awarded by United States Department of Defense Type Medal Awarded for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements Status Currently awarded Statistics First awarded 1942 Precedence Next (higher) Defense Superior Service Medal Next (lower) Distinguished Flying Cross
The Legion of Merit is a military decoration of the United States armed forces that is awarded for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements. The decoration is issued both to United States military personnel and to military and political figures of foreign governments.
The Legion of Merit (Commander degree) is one of only two United States military decorations to be issued as a neck order (the other being the Medal of Honor) and the only United States decoration which may be issued in award degrees (much like an order of chivalry or certain Orders of Merit).
The Legion of Merit is sixth in the order of precedence of U.S. military decorations, and is worn after the Defense Superior Service Medal and before the Distinguished Flying Cross. In contemporary use in the U.S. armed forces, the Legion of Merit is typically awarded to Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force general officers and colonels, and Navy and Coast Guard flag officers and captains occupying command or very senior staff positions in their respective services. It may also be awarded to officers of lesser rank and senior enlisted personnel, but these instances are less frequent and circumstances vary by service. As such, the medal can be considered as "points" in some enlisted promotion systems, such as the Air Force, where it is counted as 7 points (out of a possible 25 points for decorations).
- The degrees of Chief Commander, Commander, Officer, and Legionnaire are awarded only to members of armed forces of foreign nations under the criteria outlined in US Army Regulation 672-7 and is based on the relative rank or position of the recipient as follows:
- Chief Commander: Chief of State or Head of Government. However this degree was awarded by President Roosevelt to some Allied World War II theater commanders usually for joint amphibious landings or invasions. The President had this power under Executive Order 9260 of October 29, 1942 paragraph 3b.
- Commander: Equivalent of a U.S. military Chief of Staff or higher position but not to Chief of State.
- Officer: General or Flag Officer below the equivalent of a U.S. military Chief of Staff; Colonel or equivalent rank for service in assignments equivalent to those normally held by a General or Flag Officer in U.S. military service; or Military Attaches.
- Legionnaire: All recipients not included above.
- When the Legion of Merit is awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States it is awarded without reference to degree. The criteria are "for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements". Additional awards of the Legion of Merit are denoted by oak leaf clusters, in the Army and Air Force, and by award stars in the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. The sea services (i.e., USN, USMC, USCG) also permit the wearing of the Valor device on the Legion of Merit, while the Army and Air Force do not.
- The performance must have been such as to merit recognition of key individuals for service rendered in a clearly exceptional manner.
- Performance of duties normal to the grade, branch, specialty or assignment, and experience of an individual is not an adequate basis for this award.
- For service not related to actual war the term “key individual” applies to a narrower range of positions than in time of war and requires evidence of significant achievement.
- In peacetime, service should be in the nature of a special requirement or of an extremely difficult duty performed in an unprecedented and clearly exceptional manner.
- However, justification of the award may accrue by virtue of exceptionally meritorious service in a succession of important positions.
- The degrees and the design of the decoration were clearly influenced by the French Légion d'honneur.
Although recommendations for creation of a Meritorious Service Medal were initiated as early as September 1937, no formal action was taken toward approval.
In a letter to the Quartermaster General (QMG) dated December 24, 1941, the Adjutant General formally requested action be initiated to create a Meritorious Service Medal and provide designs in the event the decoration was established. Proposed designs prepared by Bailey, Banks, and Biddle and the Office of the Quartermaster General were provided to Assistant Chief of Staff (G1) (Colonel Heard) by the QMG on January 5, 1942.
The Assistant Chief of Staff (G1) (BG Hilldring), in a response to the QMG on April 3, 1942, indicated the Secretary of War approved the design recommended by the QMG. The design of the Legion of Merit (change of name) would be ready for issue immediately after legislation authorizing it was enacted into law.
An Act of Congress (Public Law 671—77th Congress, Chapter 508, 2d Session) on July 20, 1942, established the Legion of Merit and provided that the medal "shall have suitable appurtenances and devices and not more than four degrees, and which the President, under such rules and regulations as he shall prescribe, may award to
- (a) personnel of the Armed Forces of the United States and of the Government of the Commonwealth Philippines and
- (b) personnel of the armed forces of friendly foreign nations who, since the proclamation of an emergency by the President on 1939-09-08, shall have distinguished themselves by exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services."
The medal was announced in War Department Bulletin No. 40, dated August 5, 1942. Executive Order 9260, dated October 29, 1942, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, established the rules for the Legion of Merit and required the President's approval for the award. However, in 1943, at the request of General George C. Marshall, approval authority for U.S. personnel was delegated to the War Department.
The reverse of the medal has the motto taken from the Great Seal of the United States "ANNUIT COEPTIS" (He [God] Has Favored Our Undertakings) and the date "MDCCLXXXII" (1782) which is the date of America's first decoration, the Badge of Military Merit, now known as the Purple Heart. The ribbon design also follows the pattern of the Purple Heart ribbon.
Chief Commander Commander Officer Legionnaire Ribbon
- The Chief Commander Degree of the Legion of Merit Medal is, on a wreath of green laurel joined at the bottom by a gold bow-knot (rosette), a domed five-pointed white star bordered crimson, points reversed with v-shaped extremities tipped with a gold ball. In the center, a blue disk encircled by gold clouds, with 13 white stars arranged in the pattern that appears on the United States Coat of Arms. Between each point, within the wreath are crossed arrows pointing outwards. The overall width is 2 15/16 inches (75 mm). The words "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" are engraved in the center of the reverse. A miniature of the decoration in gold on a horizontal gold bar is worn on the service ribbon.
- The Commander Degree of the Legion of Merit Medal is, on a wreath of green laurel joined at the bottom by a gold bow-knot (rosette), a five-pointed white star bordered crimson, points reversed with v-shaped extremities tipped with a gold ball. In the center, a blue disk encircled by gold clouds, with 13 white stars arranged in the pattern that appears on the United States Coat of Arms. Between each star point, within the wreath, are crossed arrows pointing outwards. The overall width is 2¼ inches (57 mm). A gold laurel wreath in the v-shaped angle at the top connects an oval suspension ring to the neck ribbon that is 1 15/16 inches (49 mm) in width. The reverse of the five-pointed star is enameled in white, and the border is crimson. In the center, a disk for engraving the name of the recipient surrounded by the words "ANNUIT COEPTIS MDCCLXXXII." An outer scroll contains the words "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA." A miniature of the decoration in silver on a horizontal silver bar is worn on the service ribbon.
- The neck ribbon for the degree of Commander is 1 15/16 inches (49 mm) wide and consists of the following stripes: 1/16 inch (2 mm) white 67101; center 1 13/16 inches (46 mm) crimson and 1/16 inch (2 mm) white.
- The Officer Degree of the Legion of Merit Medal is similar to the degree of Commander except the overall width is 1 7/8 inches (48 mm) and the pendant has a suspension ring instead of the wreath for attaching the ribbon. A gold replica of the medal, 3/4 inch (19 mm) wide, is centered on the suspension ribbon.
- The Legionnaire Degree of the Legion of Merit Medal and the Legion of Merit Medal issued to U.S. personnel is the same as the degree of Officer, except the suspension ribbon does not have the medal replica.
- The ribbon for all of the decorations is 1 3/8 inches (35 mm) wide and consists of the following stripes: 1/16 inch (2 mm) white; center 1¼ inches (32 mm) crimson; and 1/16 inch (2 mm) white. The reverse of all of the medals has the motto taken from the Great Seal of the United States "ANNUIT COEPTIS" (He (God) Has Favored Our Undertakings) and the date "MDCCLXXXII" (1782), which is the date of America's first decoration, the Badge of Military Merit, now known as the Purple Heart. The ribbon design also follows the pattern of the Purple Heart ribbon.
Lieutenant-General Kenneth A.N. Anderson, CB, MC British Army June 18, 1943 Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek Chinese Armed Forces July 1943 General Bernard Law Montgomery, KCB, DSO British Army August 6, 1943 Temporary Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur William Tedder, GCB Royal Air Force August 27, 1943 Marshal of the Soviet Union Aleksandr Mikhajlovich Vasilevskij Red Army June 22, 1944 Chief Marshal Of Aviation Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Novikov Military Air Forces June 22, 1944 Rear-Admiral Sir Victor Crutchley VC, KCB, DSC Royal Australian Naval Squadron September 1944 For exceptionally meritorious conduct 1942–44 in command of Task Force 44 in the Pacific. Air Marshal Arthur Travers Harris, OBE, AFC Royal Air Force October 17, 1944 Known as "Bomber" Harris; because of moral qualms, he was the only major British commander not to receive a peerage after World War II. He instituted "area bombing" of German cities. King George VI Commonwealth armed forces 1945 Air Chief Marshal William Sholto Douglas, GCB, MC, DFC Royal Air Force Admiral of the Fleet Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham Bt, GCB, DSO** Royal Navy First Sea Lord Admiral Sir John Henry Dacres Cunningham KCB Royal Navy For gallant and distinguished service during the invasion operations in Northern Italy and the South of France. Admiral Sir Bertram Home Ramsay KCB, KBE, MVO Royal Navy January 15, 1945 For gallant and distinguished service whilst in command of the invasion operations on Normandy. Acting Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham KCB, DSO, MC, DFC, AFC Royal Air Force Air Chief Marshal Donald Perera VSV, USP Sri Lanka Air Force Commander-In-Chief Crown Prince 'Abd al-Ilah Iraqi Armed Forces June 1, 1945 Vice Admiral Sir Philip Vian KBE, CMG Royal Navy July 17, 1945 Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov Red Army 1945 Marshal of the Soviet Union Ivan Stepanovich Konev Red Army 1945 Marshal of the Soviet Union Leonid Aleksandrovich Govorov Red Army Army General Stanislav Giljarovich Poplavskij Red Army Marshal of the Soviet Union Kirill Afanasievich Meretskov Red Army Marshal of the Soviet Union Konstantin Konstantinovich Rokossovskij Red Army General Andrey Ivanovich Yeryomenko Red Army King Michael I of Romania Romanian Armed Forces 1945 General Charles De Gaulle French Armed Forces August 24, 1945 Emperor Haile Selassie Ethiopian Armed Forces 1945 Vice Admiral Sir Geoffrey Blake KCB, DSO Royal Navy November 6, 1945 Chief of Defence of Norway Crown Prince Olav Norwegian Armed Forces November 23, 1945 "exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from August 1944 to July 1945." General Rajendrasinhji Jadeja Indian Army 1946  King Abdul Aziz Ibn Abdur Rahman al Faisal Al Saud Saudi Arabian Armed Forces February 18, 1947 President Miguel Aleman Mexican Armed Forces May 1, 1947 Shah Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi Iranian Armed Forces October 7, 1947 General Dragoljub Mihailović Yugoslav Royal Army March 29, 1948 General Sir William Slim, GBE, KCB, DSO, MC, ADC British Army 1948 Prime Minister The Rt Hon Sir Robert Menzies, KT, AK, CH, QC Australian Armed Forces Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa Indian Army 1950 King Paul I Greek Armed Forces October 28, 1953 President Celal Bayar Turkish Armed Forces January 27, 1954 Field Marshal Luang Plaek Pibulsonggram Thai Royal Army May 2, 1955 General Satyawant Mallana Srinagesh Indian Army 1955  King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) Thai Armed Forces June 28, 1960 General Kim Yong-Bae Republic Of Korea Army February 14, 1968 For service April 1965 to March 1966. The initial award of Commander degree was revoked and replaced with Chief Commander. Minister of National Defense Kim Sung-Eun Republic Of Korea December 9, 1968 For service March 1963 to June 1966. Admiral Jal Cursetji Indian Navy 1978  President Kenan Evren Turkish Armed Forces June 27, 1988 General Wolfgang Schneiderhan Bundeswehr General Hilmi Özkök Turkish Armed Forces 2002 Admiral Shahid Karimullah Pakistan Navy July 21, 2004 For his steadfast support of American-Pakistan cooperation in regional maritime, security affairs, demonstrated superb resolve and unwavering dedication to the Global War on terrorism Admiral Afzal Tahir Pakistan Navy January 23, 2006 Legion of Merit in recognition of his efforts in conducting maritime security operations and strengthening of cooperation between the two navies in the 5th Fleet area of responsibility. Admiral Mohammad Anwar Mohammad Nor Malaysian Armed Forces General Gabi Ashkenazi Israeli Defence Forces July 24, 2008 General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani Pakistani Army January 1, 2009 General Babaker Shawkat B. Zebari Iraqi Army January 7, 2010 Admiral Noman Bashir Pakistan Navy March 18, 2010 For distinguish service and strengthening the American-Pakistani relations. Also, for his role to established and strengthening the Pakistan Navy and U.S. Navy relations in Arabian sea.
Brigadier General Alexandre Zacharias de Assumpção Brazilian Army 1942 General of Brigade Alexandre Zacharias de Assumpcao, Brazilian Army, was cited for service as Commanding General of the
8th Military Region, Brazil. The 8th Military Region was headquartered in Belem, which was a major support base for US aircraft transiting to North Africa and the Mediterranean. The Army made 31 awards of the Legion of Merit, commander grade, to Brazilian officers during World War II.
Brigadier General Amaro Soares Bittencourt Brazilian Army 1942 First recipient of this medal in any degree. Wing Commander Guy Penrose Gibson, VC, DSO & Bar, DFC & Bar Royal Air Force December 3, 1943 WWII leader of the Dams raid (Operation Chastise) in 1943. Lieutenant General Władysław Anders 2nd Polish Corps August 1, 1944 Admiral Sir Gerald Charles Dickens KCVO, CB, CMG Royal Navy 1945 WWII Commander Air Commodore Andrew James Wray Geddes DSO, OBE Royal Air Force 1945 Responsible for the planning of Operations Manna and Chowhound Lieutenant General Sir Bernard Cyril Freyberg, VC, KCB, KBE, CMG, DSO 2nd New Zealand Division, New Zealand Military Forces August 2, 1945 Major General William Henry Evered Poole, CB, CBE, DSO 6th South African Armored Division Unit is part of the 5th US Army during the Italian Campaign in World War II Major General Georges Vanier 1946 Canadian representative to the United Nations and Ambassador to France, later Governor General of Canada. Rear Admiral Leonard W. Murray Canadian Northwest Atlantic 1946 Architect of the Battle of the Atlantic. Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Rodney Park Royal Air Force June 27, 1947 WWII commander during the Battle of Britain and later Allied Air Commander South East Asia General Alfredo M. Santos Armed Forces of the Philippines Major General Stefan Pawel Rowecki Armia Krajowa August 9, 1984 Awarded by Ronald Reagan posthumously forty years and one week after his death at the hands of the Gestapo. General Fidel Ramos Armed Forces of the Philippines 1990 Brigadier General Abdul Muneem Mansur Ahmed Bangladesh Army January 16, 1991 The first Bangladeshi General to receive this award for his outstanding service as the Defense Attache in the Bangladesh Embassy, United States. General Michel Roquejeoffre French Army July 14, 1991 General Sir Peter de la Billière KCB, KBE, DSO, MC & bar British Forces to the Middle East during Gulf War I July 14, 1991 General Ehud Barak Israeli Defense Forces 1992 Later became Israeli Prime Minister from 1999 to 2001 General Alfred John Gardyne Drummond de Chastelain, OC, CMM, CH, CD Canadian Forces 1995 In 1999, he was made a Companion of Honour by Queen Elizabeth II. He is the former Chief of the Defence Staff (Canada) for the Canadian Forces and he is the Chairman of the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning since November 1995 for the Northern Ireland Peace Process. General I.M. Elias Nino Herrera Colombian Marine Corps For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding service as Commandant of the Colombian Marine Corps. General Nino's cooperation and understanding have been a significant contribution to the mutual friendship between Colombia and the United States. General de Ejército
(General of the Army)
Paco Moncayo Ecuadorian Armed Forces For of his exceptionally superior performance as Chief of the Armed Forces Joint Command and his contribution to Ecuadorian history, politics and democracy. General Sir Phillip Bennett, AC, KBE, DSO, KStJ
John Baker, AC, DSM
Peter Cosgrove, AC, MC
Australian Defence Force Chiefs of the Defence Force General Adolf Heusinger
Bundeswehr General Edgard de Larminat
Alain de Boissieu
Lieutenant General Charles Bouchard Deputy Commander NORAD 2004 Commander of NATO forces enforcing "No Fly Zone" Libya 2011 Lieutenant General Peter Leahy, AC
Ken Gillespie, AC, DSC, CSM
Australian Army 2004
Chief of Army Lieutenant General Hasan Mashhud Chowdhury Bangladesh Army 2005 Former Chief of Army Staff (Bangladesh) Commander-in-Chief Mehmet Yaşar Büyükanıt Turkish Armed Forces December 12, 2005 General Michael John Dawson Walker, Baron Walker of Aldringham GCB, CMG, CBE, ADC, DL Implementation Force in Bosnia May 13, 1997 Former Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) in the United Kingdom Admiral Giampaolo Di Paola Italian Navy Admiral of the Fleet Vladimir Vasilyevich Masorin Russian Navy August 24, 2007 The first Russian recipient for meritorious conduct of the Russian Federation Navy to increase cooperation and interoperability with the U.S. Navy and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization from Sept. 2005 – Aug. 2007. General Franciszek Gągor Polish Armed Forces May 22, 2008 For exceptionally meritorious service as the Chief of Staff of the Polish Armed Forces from February 2006 to May 2008. General Toshio Tamogami Air Self-Defense Force August 19, 2008  Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces Sverker Göranson Swedish Armed Forces 2010 For dedication and professionalism as supreme commander led the continuing transformation of the Swedish Armed Forces and the Swedish international operations. General Rohan de S. Daluwatte RWP, RSP, VSV, USP Sri Lanka Army For service as Military attaché to the Sri Lankan Embassy in the United States Major General Milinda Peiris RWP, RSP, USP Sri Lanka Army For service as Military attaché to the Sri Lankan Embassy in the United States Vice Admiral David Shackleton, AO, RAN
Chris Ritchie, AO, RAN
Russ Crane, AO, CSM, RAN
Royal Australian Navy Chief of Navy General Yoshifumi Hibako Ground Self-Defense Force June 8, 2011 Chief of Staff
- At the beginning of the North African campaign, General Lyman L. Lemnitzer accompanied General Mark Wayne Clark by submarine to North Africa. Upon arrival, about 60 officers were awarded the Legion of Merit and were among the first awarded the medal. By some misunderstanding as to the rules governing the awards, these 60 American officers were awarded the degree of Officer. According to Lemnitzer, President Roosevelt was quite annoyed but did not rescind the awards. These were the only U.S. officers (or service personnel of any rank) awarded the Legion of Merit with a degree.
- Group Captain Harry Day, senior Officer at numerous POW camps during World War II, and significantly helped American POWs endure the captivity, as well as organizing escape operations. He received the award on July 5, 1946.
- In 1946, Commodore Alfred Victor Knight of the Royal Australian Navy was awarded the commendation for honorary services. The citation described him as a `forceful leader’ who, by his `splendid co-operation in the conduct of a vital training programme, aggressive determination and untiring energies … contributed materially to combined large-scale operations’.
- In 1947, Colonel Valentine Patrick Terrel Vivian head of counter-espionage, Section V, and Vice-Chief of the S.I.S. or MI6. The citation reads, as deputy director of a special British agency in the European Theater of Operations from January 1943 to June 1945, rendered exceptionally devoted and meritorious service to the Allied armies, by American forces in a special province of military operations, and continuing it through the long period of preparation for the Normandy invasion and during the march into Germany, Colonel Vivian made an outstanding contribution to Allied military and to the enemy's defeat.
- In 1948, then Brigadier General John Frederick Boyce Combe was made an Officer of the Legion for his contribution "to the over-all success Allied forces in Italy" during World War II.
- In 1952, then Commander Emilio S. Liwanag of the Philippine Navy was made an Officer of the Legion of Merit. His award was conferred by Major General Blackshear M. Bryan, deputy chief of staff, HQ Far East Command, for services in the Philippine liaison office with the United Nations Command during the Korean War.
- In 1960 Major General Mian Hayaud Din was made an Officer of the Legion for his role as Chief of the Pakistan Military Mission to the United States from 1955 to 1960.
- In 1996, Lieutenant General Roméo Dallaire of the Canadian Army was made an Officer of the Legion for his role as Commander of the United Nations peacekeeping force in Rwanda during the civil war and subsequent genocide.
- In 1990, Colonel Stanisław Wożniak from Poland was made an Officer of the Legion of Merit for his exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services.
- Lieutenant General Tariq Khan became the fourth Pakistani Officer to receive the award for meritorious services as a liaison officer at CENTCOM during Operations Enduring Freedom. He received the award on December 9, 2007.
- In 2008, Air Chief Marshal Sir Glenn Torpy Head of the Royal Air Force, for his part in Operation Telic / Operation Iraqi Freedom.
- Lieutenant General Sir James Dutton, Royal Marines, "in recognition of meritorious, gallant and distinguished services during coalition operations in Afghanistan".
- Major General Colin Boag, British Army, "in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during coalition operations in Iraq", March 2008.
- Lieutenant General James Bucknall, British Army, "in recognition of gallant and distinguished services during coalition operations in Iraq, July 2009".
When the Legion of Merit is awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States it is awarded without reference to degree.
- First award to Lieutenant Ann A. Bernatitus, heroic Navy Nurse who served at Bataan and Corregidor, in October 1942.
- Francis Grevemberg, for outstanding performance at Anzio, Italy, during World War II.
- Colonel Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Tuskegee Airman of 99th Squadron was awarded in 1944.
- Jerauld Wright, U.S. Navy, two awards, during WWII.
- Radioman First Class George Ray Tweed for surviving thirty-one months on Guam while hunted by Japanese forces. Upon rescue he brought valuable information on enemy dispositions in 1944.
- David Niven, Lt-Col, British Commando for his services during WWII, awarded in 1945.
- Captain John Birch, US Army, Missionary and Intelligence Officer killed by Chinese Communist soldiers in 1945; The John Birch Society is named after him; awarded in 1944.
- Captain Kay Summersby, driver and secretary to General Eisenhower during the Second World War.
- Audie Murphy, most highly decorated US soldier of WWII. Also received Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Cross, 2 Silver Stars, 2 Bronze Stars w/V Device, 3 Purple Hearts and many others (33 total awards, U.S. and Foreign).
- George Stevens, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army; the two-time Oscar-winning film director headed the U.S. Army Signal Corps unit that filmed the Normandy landings and the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp.
- Edwin Hubble, American astronomer, for his outstanding contribution to ballistics research in 1946 at the Aberdeen Proving Ground.
- Commander Laurence George Durlacher (later Admiral and fifth Sea Lord), Royal Navy 1946 "... and contributed in large measure to the successes achieved by the Allied forces in [the invasions of Sicily and the Italian mainland]."
- Sergeant First Class Modesto Cartagena, the most decorated Hispanic of the Korean War.
- Admiral Hyman G. Rickover, the "Father of the Nuclear Navy", 2 awards.
- Lieutenant Colonel Charles E. Richardson United States Army ca. 1958.
- Rear Admiral Nicholas Goodhart, Royal Navy, for the invention of the mirror-sight deck landing system. Awarded in 1958.
- Edward L. Beach, Jr., commanding officer of USS Triton (SSRN-586) for the first submerged circumnavigation of the world. Awarded in 1960.
- Lieutenant Colonel Charles M Poole Jr. United States Army Signal Corps., 1969
- Senator John McCain, Naval aviator and Vietnam prisoner of war.
- Colonel David H. Hackworth, four awards, highly decorated Vietnam veteran who was awarded several Silver Stars and 2 Distinguished Service Crosses.
- Sergeant Major William "Billy" Waugh, for Special Forces service during the Vietnam War.
- Colonel John Boyd, USAF, important military strategist, creator of the OODA Loop, 4 awards.
- William C. Rogers III, former commanding officer of the USS Vincennes (CG-49), which shot down an Iranian jetliner in 1988.
- Paul X. Rinn, commanding officer of the USS Samuel B. Roberts (FFG-58), who led his crew to save their mine-damaged warship in the Persian Gulf in 1988.
- Kirk Lippold, CDR, Commanding officer of the USS Cole (DDG-67) which was attacked by suicide bombers in the port of Aden, Yemen on October 12, 2000. 2 awards (2nd while aboard USS Cole).
- Carlton W. Kent, the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps from 2007, 2 awards.
- John Kline, United States Congressman (2003–present), 4 awards.
- James G. Stavridis, U.S. Admiral, Southern Command, 5 awards.
- Admiral John C. Harvey, Jr., United States Navy, 5 awards.
- Michael Mullen, six awards, Chief of Naval Operations, later Chairman of the Joint Chiefs.
- John P. Abizaid, six awards, former commander of U.S. Central Command.
- Major General Michael S. Tucker, US Army, Commanding General, Second Infantry Division, 3 awards.
- Admiral Patrick M. Walsh, Commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet, former Vice Chief of Naval Operations, US Navy, 3 awards.
- General Walter L. Sharp, Commanding General, US Forces Korea (USFK) and Combined Forces Command (CFC).
- ^ "Legion of Merit". Awards. Institute of Heraldry. http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Awards/legion_of_merit.aspx. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- ^ Air Force Personnel Center Legion of Merit
- ^ 578.13 Legion of Merit
- ^ Executive Order 9260 of October 29, 1942 http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/print.php?pid=58838
- ^ Keegan, John The Second World War Penguin Books: 1989, page 433 ISBN 978-0-14-303573-2
- ^ Keegan, John The Second World War Penguin Books: 1989, page 421 ISBN 978-0-14-303573-2
- ^ a b "Service Chiefs of India". Google Books. http://books.google.com/books?id=k35_SlDMyUsC&pg=PA49&dq=legion+of+merit+india&hl=en&ei=msjITs6sOeOviQLCwp3ODw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CD8Q6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=legion%20of%20merit%20india&f=false. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- ^ "Admirals of the World". Google Books. http://books.google.com/books?id=S1VimlFIjQoC&pg=PA85&dq=jal+cursetji&hl=en&ei=Hp_ITrH4HMiwiQKb-ezbDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=jal%20cursetji&f=false. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- ^ London Gazette: . May 13, 1997. Retrieved March 15, 2011.
- ^ "AF welcomes Japanese chief of staff". bolling.af.mil. August 20, 2008. http://www.bolling.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123111707&page=1.
- ^ The National Archives. "Documents Online". http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/details-result.asp?queryType=1&resultcount=1&Edoc_Id=7698915. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- ^ London Gazette: . March 18, 1947. Retrieved July 29, 2009.
- ^ London Gazette: . September 24, 2010. Retrieved February 17, 2011.
- ^ London Gazette: . March 7, 2008. Retrieved February 20, 2011.
- ^ London Gazette: . July 21, 2009. Retrieved February 20, 2011.
- ^ Home of the Heroes. Lieutenant (jg) Ann A. Bernatitus, "Angel of Mercy".
Lieutenant General John N. McLaughlin, USMC Retired (deceased) received the Legion of Merit after his release from Captivity in the Korean War for meritorious conduct as the Senior Officer in his POW Camp.Inter-service awards and decorations of the United States military
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Legion Of Merit — Légion of merit Legionnaire de la Legion of Merit Décerné(e) par … Wikipédia en Français
Legion of merit — Légion of merit Legionnaire de la Legion of Merit Décerné(e) par … Wikipédia en Français
Legion of Merit — Légion of merit Legionnaire de la Legion of Merit Décerné par … Wikipédia en Français
Legion of Merit — (engl. „Legion des Verdienstes“) wurde am 20. Juli 1942 durch den Kongress der Vereinigten Staaten gestiftet. Er ist ein hoher militärischer Orden, der auch an ausländische Offiziere und Persönlichkeiten des öffentlichen Lebens verliehen wird.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Legion of Merit — ☆ Legion of Merit n. a U.S. decoration awarded to members of the armed forces of the U.S. or of foreign nations for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services … English World dictionary
Legion of Merit — Date: 1943 a United States military decoration awarded for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services … New Collegiate Dictionary
Legion of Merit — Mil. a decoration ranking below the Silver Star and above the Distinguished Flying Cross, awarded to U.S. and foreign military personnel for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the U.S. * * * … Universalium
Legion of Merit — US military decoration awarded for outstanding service … English contemporary dictionary
Legion of Merit — Le′gion of Mer′it n. mil a decoration awarded to U.S. and foreign military personnel for outstanding services to the U.S … From formal English to slang
Legion of Merit — Mil. a decoration ranking below the Silver Star and above the Distinguished Flying Cross, awarded to U.S. and foreign military personnel for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the U.S … Useful english dictionary