Lusaka


Lusaka

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Lusaka
native_name =
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imagesize = 300px
image_caption = Downtown Lusaka,2003


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pushpin_label_position = none
pushpin_map_caption = Location of Lusaka
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Zambia
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Lusaka
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name2 =
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_footnotes =
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leader_title = Mayor of Lusaka|Mayor
leader_name = Steven Chilatu
leader_title1 =
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leader_title2 =
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established_title = Established
established_date = 1905
established_title2 =
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established_title3 = City status
established_date3 = August 25 1960
area_magnitude = 1 E9
unit_pref =
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 70
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population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
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population_total = 1,084,103
population_density_km2 =
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timezone = SAST
utc_offset = +2
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latd=15 |latm=25 |lats= |latNS=S
longd=28 |longm=17 |longs= |longEW=E
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 1300
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code = (1)
currency = Zambian Kwacha (ZMK)
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website = http://www.lcc.gov.zm/ - Lusaka City Council
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Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia. It is located in the southern part of the central plateau of the country, at an elevation of 1300 m (4256 ft). It has a population of 1,084,703 (2000 census) and is considered one of the fastest growing (in terms of population) cities in Africa. It is a commercial centre as well as centre of government, and the four main highways of Zambia radiate north, south, east and west from it.

Government and administration

As national capital, Lusaka is the seat of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government, epitomised by the presence there of the National Assembly (parliament), State House (office of the President), and the High Court. The city is also capital of Lusaka Province, the smallest and second most populous of the country's nine provinces, and forms an administrative district run by Lusaka City Council. In 2007, the mayor is Steven Chilatu (PF), and the deputy Mayor is Mary Phiri.

History

Lusaka was the site of a village named after its headman Lusaka, which, according to history, was located at Manda Hill, near where the Zambia's National Assembly building now stands. In the Nyanja language, "Manda" means graveyard. The area was expanded by European (mainly British) settlers in 1905 with the building of the railway.

In 1935, due to its fairly central location, its situation on the railway and at the crossroads of the Great North Road and Great East Road, it was chosen to replace Livingstone as the capital of the British colony of Northern Rhodesia.

After the federation of Northern and Southern Rhodesia in 1953, it was a centre of the independence movement amongst some of the educated elite that led to the creation of the Republic of Zambia. In 1964, Lusaka became the capital of the newly independent Zambia.

In recent years, Lusaka has become a popular urban settlement for Zambians and tourists alike. Its central nature and fast growing infrastructure sector has increased donor confidence and as such Zambians are seeing signs of development in the form of job creation, housing, etc. Consequently, it is thought that with proper and effective economic reforms, Lusaka as well as Zambia as a whole will develop considerably. Lusaka is home to a diverse community of foreigners, many of whom work in the aid industry as well as diplomats, representatives of religious organizations and some business people.

Culture

The city centre includes several blocks west of Cairo Road, around which lie the New City Market and Kamwala Market, a major shopping area, as well as the Zintu Community Museum. Further east lies the government area, including the State House and the various ministries, around the Cathedral Hill and Ridgeway areas. Suburbs around Lusaka include Woodlands, Kabulonga, Sunningdale, Jesmondine, Northmead, Olympia Park, Roma, Kalundu, Chelston, Avondale, Rhodes Park, Prospect Hill, Longacres, Fairview, Thorn Park, Villa Elizabetha. Other residential areas are Kabwata (a working class area, home to the Kabwata Cultural Centre), Madras, Matero, Kalingalinga, Chipata Compound, Garden Compound, Bauleni, Helen Kaunda, Kaunda Square (stage one and stage two).One of the main streets and points of interest upon business is the street of Cairo Road named by John Floria Couvaras of the Couvaras family.

Points of interest

Attractions include Lusaka National Museum, the Political Museum, the Zintu Community Museum, the Freedom Statue, the Zambian National Assembly, the Agricultural Society Showgrounds (known for their annual agricultural show), the Moore Pottery Factory, the Lusaka Playhouse theatre, a cinema, the Cathedral of the Holy Cross in , a cenotaph, a golf club, the Lusaka Central Sports Club, and the zoo and botanical gardens of the Munda Wanga Environmental Park. The city is also home to the University of Zambia.

Out and About

The central hub of nightlife in Lusaka revolves around the Arcades Mall. There are a number high quality eating establishments and bars in the vicinity. Most notable includes the South African chain - Rhapsodys. In addition there are four major nightclubs in Lusaka, the latest opened in August 2008, called 101. Another popular night club is Chez-Ntemba, located on Cairo Road. It is advisable to were smart clothes and entrance fees range from 10,000 - 50,000 Kwatcha.

List of mayors

* Morris Doe
* Ralph Rich
* Jack Fischer
* Richard Sampson
* Fisho Mwale
* John Kabungo
* Patrick Kangwa
* Susan Nakazwe
* Stephen Chilatu

Airport

The city is home to Lusaka International Airport and lies on the railway line from Livingstone to Kitwe. This airport is the hub of Zambian Airways. The airport is also used as a military airport as well as a public one. There is also an old airport nearer to the center of the city that is no longer used by civilians.

2011 All African Games

Lusaka will host the 2011 All-Africa Games. A new stadium of a 70,000 capacity will be built in Lusaka for the games. This is the first time the country has held the games, and games related development is contributing to some city-wide redevelopment.

ister cities

*, since 1966
* Los Angeles, United States, since 1968

External links

* [http://www.lcc.gov.zm/ Lusaka City Council]
* [http://www.zambiatourism.com/travel/cities/lusaka.htm Zambia Tourism page on Lusaka]
* [http://www.zambiatourism.com/travel/maps/lusakacity.htm Map of Lusaka]
* [http://www.visitzambia.co.zm/ Visit Zambia Campaign]
* [http://www.soschildrensvillages.org.uk/aids-africa/best-practice/aids-africa-orphans-best-practice-5.htm Lusaka Social Centre]
* [http://www.times.co.zm Lusaka Times]
* [http://www.zambia.co.zm Zambia Online]
* [http://www.graduates.com/ls.aspx?city=Lusaka&pid=421 Schools and Colleges of Lusaka]

References

* [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/ZA/0/Lusaka.html FallingRain Map - elevation = 1270m (Red dots are railways)]


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