List of Canadian Victoria Cross recipients


List of Canadian Victoria Cross recipients

The following is a list of Canadian recipients of the Victoria Cross, the highest war honour of the British Empire and the Commonwealth of Nations. The Victoria Cross of Canada (Post-nominal letters "VC") is a military award for extraordinary valour and devotion to duty while facing a hostile force. It can be awarded to members of the Canadian Forces of any rank in any service, and to allies serving under or with Canadian military command; it is the highest honour in the Canadian honours system, placed before all other orders, decorations and medals, including the Order of Canada, in the Order of Precedence.cite web |url=http://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/remembers/sub.cfm?source=collections/cmdp/mainmenu/group02/canvc&CFID=17797845&CFTOKEN=75027798 |title=Victoria Cross (Canadian version) |publisher=Canadian Veterans affairs department |accessdate=2007-08-23] As of 1993 Canadians were no longer eligible for the British Victoria Cross, for the medal was replaced with a new Canadian Victoria Cross — it has yet to be awarded. In appearance the new one is identical to the British medal, but the words are in Latin instead of English, as a compromise since both French and English could not easily fit on the medal.cite web| |url=http://www.forces.gc.ca/dhh/honours_awards/chart/engraph/chart_display_e.asp?cat=3&ref=VC |title=Canadian Forces page on the medal |publisher=Canadian Armed Forces |accessdate=2007-07-12]

It was presented to 94 Canadians, or people closely associated with Canada, between its creation soon after the Crimean War and 1993 when the Canadian Victoria Cross was instituted. No Canadian has received either honour since 1945 though. [cite news| url=http://www.thestar.com/article/189029 |last=Teotonio |first=Isabel |work=Toronto Star |title=Vets irate at Victoria Cross proposal |date=2007-03-07|accessdate=2007-07-12] Newfoundlanders who were awarded the Victoria Cross prior to 1949 are listed under List of Newfoundlander Victoria Cross recipients as it was a separate country until this date. The majority of Canadian recipients were awarded the medal for actions in World War One with 71 awards. 16 recipients achieved the award for actions in World War Two. The remaining recipients were for actions in the Battle of Balaclava, the Indian rebellion of 1857 and the Second Boer War. The last living Canadian recipient of the British VC, "Smokey" Smith, died in August 2005. [cite news |url=http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2005/08/09/smokey-smith050809.html |title=Ottawa pays respect to Smokey Smith |publisher=CBC News |date=2005-08-09 |accessdate=2007-11-16]

Recipients

References

;General
*cite web |url=http://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/remembers/sub.cfm?source=collections/cmdp/mainmenu/group01/cdn_vc |title=Canadian Victoria Cross recipients |publisher=Veteran Affairs Canada |accessdate=2007-11-04

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