1966 FIFA World Cup


1966 FIFA World Cup

Infobox International Football Competition
tourney_name = FIFA World Cup
year = 1966
other_titles = World Cup 1966


size = 150px
caption = 1966 FIFA World Cup official logo
country = England
dates = 11 July – 30 July
confederations = 5
num_teams = 16
venues = 8
cities = 7
champion = England
count = 1
second = West Germany
third = Portugal
fourth = USSR
fourth-flagvar = 1955
matches = 32
goals = 89
attendance = 1635000
top_scorer = flagicon|POR Eusébio (9 goals)
The 1966 FIFA World Cup, the eighth staging of the World Cup, was held in England from 11 July to 30 July. England was chosen as hosts by FIFA in August 1960 to celebrate the centenary of the codification of football in England. England won the final, beating West Germany 4-2, giving them their first (and only to this date) World Cup win, and becoming the first host to win the tournament since Italy in 1934.

Qualification

The 1966 World Cup caused some bitter disagreements before a ball had been kicked competitively. Sixteen African nations boycotted the tournament in protest against a 1964 FIFA ruling that required the champion team from the African zone to play off against the winners of either the Asian or the Oceania zone in order to win a place at the finals. The Africans felt that winning their zone should have been enough in itself to merit qualification for the finals.

Despite the Africans' absence, there was another new record number of entries for the qualifying tournament, with 70 nations taking part. After all the arguments, FIFA finally ruled that ten teams from Europe would qualify, along with four from South America, one from Asia and one from North and Central America.

ummary

First Round

The 1966 World Cup had a rather unusual hero off the field, a dog called Pickles. In the build up to the tournament the Jules Rimet trophy was stolen from an exhibition display. A nation wide hunt for the icon ensued. It was later discovered wrapped in some newspaper as the dog sniffed under some bushes in London. The FA commissioned a replica cup in case the original cup was not found in time. This replica is held at the English National Football Museum in Preston, where it is on display.

The format of the 1966 competition remained the same as 1962: 16 qualified teams were divided into four groups of four. The top two teams in each group advanced to the quarter-finals. The draw for the final tournament, taking place on 6 January 1966 at the RoyalGarden Hotel in London was the first ever to be televised, with England, West Germany, Brazil and Italy as seeds. [ [http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/fifafacts/mcwc/ip-201_10e_fwcdraw-history_8842.pdf History of the World Cup Final Draw] ]

Despite achieving record attendances for the time, 1966 was a World Cup with few goals as the teams began to play much more tactically and defensively. This was exemplified by Alf Ramsey's England as they finished top of Group 1 with only four goals to their credit, but having none scored against them. Uruguay were the other team to qualify from that group at the expense of both Mexico and France. All the group's matches were played at Wembley Stadium apart from the match between Uruguay and France which took place at White City Stadium.

In Group 2, West Germany and Argentina qualified with ease as they both finished the group with 5 points, Spain managed 2, while Switzerland left the competition after losing all three group matches.

In the northwest of England, Old Trafford and Goodison Park played host to Group 3 which saw the World Champions Brazil finish in third place behind Portugal and Hungary and controversially eliminated along with Bulgaria. Brazil were defeated by Hungary and Portugal in controversial wins as the English referees from those two matches, Kenneth Dagnall and George McCabe, decided to ignore a large amount of fouls to the Brazilians often targeted at key players. Portugal appeared in the finals for the first time, and made quite an impact. They won all three of their games in the group stage, with a lot of help from their outstanding striker Eusébio, whose nine goals made him the tournament's top scorer.

Group 4, however, provided the biggest upset when North Korea beat Italy 1-0, and finished above them, earning themselves qualification along with the USSR. Chile finished bottom of the group.

Quarterfinals, Semifinals, and third-place match

The quarter-finals provided a controversial victory for West Germany as they cruised past Uruguay 4-0; the South Americans claimed that this occurred only after the referee (who was Jim Finney, from England) had not recognised a handstop by Schnellinger on the goal line and then had sent off two players from Uruguay: Horacio Troche and Héctor Silva [ [http://www.todoslosmundiales.com.ar/mundiales/1966inglaterra/historias/0035siguen_choreos.htm Mundial de Inglaterra 1966 - SIGUEN LOS CHOREOS A SUDAMÉRICA ] ] . It appeared as though the surprise package North Korea might do the same to Portugal when after 22 minutes they were in the lead 3-0. It fell to one of the greatest stars of the tournament, Eusébio, to change that. He scored four goals in the game and with José Augusto adding a fifth in the 78th minute, one of the most incredible comebacks was complete.

Meanwhile in the other two games, Ferenc Bene's late goal for Hungary against the USSR, who were led by Lev Yashin's stellar goalkeeping, proved little more than a consolation as they crashed out 2-1, and the only goal between Argentina and England came courtesy of England's Geoff Hurst. During that controversial game (for more details see Argentina and England football rivalry), Argentina's Antonio Rattín became the first player to be sent off in a senior international football match at Wembley. Afterwards, the German referee, Rudolf Kreitlein, said that he had sent off Rattín because he didn't like how he had looked at him (it is worth noting that the referee did not understand Spanish) [ [http://www.todoslosmundiales.com.ar/mundiales/1966inglaterra/historias/0024el_rata.htm Mundial de Inglaterra 1966 - EL RATA CONTRA EL MUNDO ] ] . Rattín at first refused to leave the field and eventually had to be escorted by several policemen. Only after 30 minutes England was able to score against an Argentinian team with 10 players. This game, even today, is called by Argentina as "el robo del siglo" (the robbery of the century) [ [http://www.todoslosmundiales.com.ar/mundiales/1966inglaterra/historias/0022robo_siglo.htm Mundial de Inglaterra 1966 - EL ROBO DEL SIGLO ] ] .

At this point, all semifinalists were from Europe. The first semifinal between England and Portugal was controversial as well. Liverpool was the original venue for the first semifinal. However, due to intervention of the English officials, the venue changed to Wembley. [ [http://www.todoslosmundiales.com.ar/mundiales/1966inglaterra/historias/0036porsitodo.htm Mundial de Inglaterra 1966 - Y POR SI TODO ESTO FUERA POCO ] ] Bobby Charlton scored both goals in England's triumph against Portugal. Portugal's goal came from a penalty kick in the 82nd minute after an intentional handball by Jack Charlton on the goal line. [ [http://youtube.com/watch?v=f-GYBgpHKFU YouTube - ENGLAND PORTUGAL 1/2 FINAL WORLD CUP 1966 ] ] The other semi-finals finished 2-1: Franz Beckenbauer provided the winning goal for West Germany as they beat the USSR. Portugal went on to beat the USSR 2-1 to take third place.


=Final=

London's Wembley Stadium provided the venue for the final, and 98,000 people crammed inside to watch. After 12 minutes 32 seconds Helmut Haller had put West Germany ahead, but the score was levelled by Geoff Hurst four minutes later. Martin Peters put England in the lead in the 78th minute; England looked set to claim the title when the referee awarded a free kick to West Germany with one minute left. The ball was launched goalward and Wolfgang Weber managed to poke it across the line, with England appealing in vain for handball as the ball came through the crowded penalty area.

With the score level at 2-2 at the end of 90 minutes, the game went to extra time. In the 98th minute Hurst found himself on the score sheet again; his shot hit the crossbar, bounced down onto or near the goal line. Whether the ball actually crossed the goal line or not has been a matter of discussion for decades, and the controversial call has become part of World Cup history. Recent digitally-enhanced footage is said to clearly illustrate that Geoff Hurst's second goal did not cross the line [http://www.4rfv.co.uk/industrynews.asp?ID=51603] . In the last minute it was Hurst again, who dribbled easily through the German half to net his third goal, just as the gathered crowd invaded the pitch to celebrate with the team, thus cementing the victory for England with another controversial goal. This made Geoff Hurst the only player ever to have scored three times in a World Cup final.

BBC commentator Kenneth Wolstenholme's description of the match's closing moments has gone down in history: "Some people are on the pitch. They think it's all over." "(Hurst scores)" "It is now!".

England received the recovered Jules Rimet trophy from the Queen and were crowned World Cup winners for the first time.

Mascot

"World Cup Willie", the mascot for the 1966 competition, was the first World Cup mascot, and one of the first mascots to be associated with a major sporting competition. "World Cup Willie" is a lion, a typical symbol of the United Kingdom, wearing a Union Flag jersey with the words "WORLD CUP".

Venues

White City Stadium in London was used for a single game from Group 1, between Uruguay and France. The game was scheduled for a Friday, the same day as regularly scheduled greyhound racing at Wembley. Because Wembley's owner refused to cancel this, the game had to be moved to the alternative venue.

footballbox
date = 1966-07-12
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|FRG
score = 5 – 0
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=26/results/matches/match=1656/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|SUI
goals1 = Held goal|16
Haller goal|21 goal|77|pen.
Beckenbauer goal|40 goal|62
goals2 =
stadium = Hillsborough Stadium, Sheffield
attendance = 36,000
referee = Phillips (Scotland)
----footballbox
date = 1966-07-13
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|ARG|alt
score = 2 – 1
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=26/results/matches/match=1578/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|ESP|1939
goals1 = Artime goal|65 goal|77
goals2 = Roma goal|71|o.g.
stadium = Villa Park, Birmingham
attendance = 48,000
referee = Rumenchev (Bulgaria)
----footballbox
date = 1966-07-15
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|ESP|1939
score = 2 – 1
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=26/results/matches/match=1641/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|SUI
goals1 = Sanchís goal|57
Amancio goal|75
goals2 = Quentin goal|31
stadium = Hillsborough Stadium, Sheffield
attendance = 32,000
referee = Tofik Bakhramov (Soviet Union)
----footballbox
date = 1966-07-16
time = 15:00
team1 = fb-rt|ARG|alt
score = 0 – 0
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=26/results/matches/match=1579/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|FRG
goals1 =
goals2 =
stadium = Villa Park, Birmingham
attendance = 51,000
referee = Zečević (Yugoslavia)
----footballbox
date = 1966-07-19
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|ARG|alt
score = 2 – 0
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=26/results/matches/match=1582/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|SUI
goals1 = Artime goal|52
Onega goal|79
goals2 =
stadium = Hillsborough Stadium, Sheffield
attendance = 31,000
referee = Campos (Portugal)
----footballbox
date = 1966-07-20
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|FRG
score = 2 – 1
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=26/results/matches/match=1637/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|ESP|1939
goals1 = Emmerich goal|39
Seeler goal|84
goals2 = Fusté goal|23
stadium = Villa Park, Birmingham
attendance = 51,000
referee = Marques (Brazil)

*West Germany were placed first due to superior goal average.

Group 3

Other facts

*The World Cup victory by England was ranked second of the 100 Greatest Sporting Moments in 2002 by Channel 4.
*Today, this World Cup is recognized as being an important event in the evolution of international football as a player originally from Africa (Portugal's Eusébio) finished as top goalscorer, a team from Asia (North Korea) scored one of the biggest upsets of all time by defeating a major football power Italy, and the victory of an Anglophone nation gaining the sport larger-than-average notice in the United States and Australia.Fact|date=February 2007
*This World Cup was claimed to be the origin of the fierce rivalry between the English team and Argentina, and between England and Germany, due to the two controversial matches.

References

External links

* [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=26/index.html 1966 FIFA World Cup on FIFA.com]
* [http://www.rsssf.com/tables/66full.html Details at RSSSF]
* [http://homepages.enterprise.net/eico/1966.htm History of the World Cup-1966]
* [http://www.planetworldcup.com/CUPS/1966/wc66index.html Planet World Cup - England 1966]


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