1962 FIFA World Cup


1962 FIFA World Cup
1962 FIFA World Cup
Campeonato Mundial de Fútbol - Chile 1962

1962 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host country  Chile
Dates 30 May – 17 June
Teams 16 (from 3 confederations)
Venue(s) (in 4 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Brazil (2nd title)
Runners-up  Czechoslovakia
Third place  Chile
Fourth place  Yugoslavia
Tournament statistics
Matches played 32
Goals scored 89 (2.78 per match)
Attendance 899,074 (28,096 per match)
Top scorer(s) Brazil Garrincha
Brazil Vavá
Chile Leonel Sánchez
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dražan Jerković
Hungary Flórián Albert
Soviet Union Valentin Ivanov
(4 goals)
1958
1966

The 1962 FIFA World Cup, the seventh staging of the World Cup, was held in Chile from 30 May to 17 June. It was won by Brazil, who retained the championship by beating Czechoslovakia 3–1 in the final. This marked the second time that a country successfully defended a World Cup title.

Contents

Host selection

Chile was awarded the 1962 World Cup over opposition from Argentina and West Germany in Lisbon, Portugal on June 10, 1956. This was the first World Cup since 1938 for which there was a contested host selection.

Qualification

Qualifying countries

The host nation Chile and the defending champions Brazil qualified automatically. Of the remaining 14 places, eight went to Europe, three to South America, and three were awarded via playoffs. The playoffs took place between six teams, which consisted of two European, one South American, one North American, one Asian and one African team. In the event, two of the three playoff places were taken by European teams (Spain and Yugoslavia), and one by a North American team (Mexico).

Bulgaria and Colombia qualified for the finals for the first time. Colombia would not qualify for another World Cup until 1990. Among the teams failing to qualify were France, 1958 finalists Sweden, and Austria.

Format

The format of the competition was similar to that of the 1958 competition: 16 teams qualified, divided into four groups of four. Four teams were seeded in the draw taking place in Santiago de Chile, on 18 January 1962: Brazil, England, Italy and Uruguay.[1] The top two teams in each group advanced to the quarter-finals.

Two points were awarded for a win and one for a draw. In a change from the 1958 format, goal average was used to separate any teams equal on points. (In 1958, goal average was available, but was only between teams tied for first place, or if a playoff between teams tied for second place failed to yield a result after extra time). Argentina became the first (and only) team in World Cup history to be eliminated on goal average when England advanced from Group 4 in second place.

In the knockout games, if the teams were tied after ninety minutes, thirty minutes of extra time were played. For any match other than the final, if the teams were still tied after extra time then lots would be drawn to determine the winner. The final would have been replayed if tied after extra time. In the event, no replays or drawing of lots was necessary.

Summary

In May 1960, as the preparations were well under way, Chile suffered the largest earthquake ever recorded (9.5 magnitude), which caused enormous damage to the national infrastructure. In face of this, Carlos Dittborn, the president of the Organization Committee, coined the phrase "Because we don't have anything, we will do everything in our power to rebuild," which became the unofficial slogan of the tournament. Stadia and other infrastructure were rebuilt at record speed and the tournament occurred on schedule with no major organizational flaw. Sadly, Dittborn would not live to see the success of his tireless efforts, as he died one month before the start of the tournament. The World Cup venue at Arica was named Estadio Carlos Dittborn in his honor and bears his name to this day.

As the competition began, a shift in strategy was imminent. Modern day defensive strategies began to take hold as the average goals/match dropped to 2.78, under 3 for the first time in competition history (the average has never been above 3 since).

The official 1962 FIFA World Cup poster.

Brazil's Pelé, the hero of 1958, was injured in the second group match against Czechoslovakia. The USSR's goalkeeper Lev Yashin, arguably the world's best at the time, was in poor form and cost his team the elimination by Chile (1–2) in the quarter-finals. Bright spots included the emergence of the young Brazilians Amarildo (standing in for Pelé) and Garrincha, the heroics of Czechoslovakia goalkeeper Viliam Schrojf against Hungary and Yugoslavia, and the inspired performance of the host nation Chile, who unexpectedly took third place with a squad of relatively unknown players, thanks to an outstanding team spirit.

The competition was marred by violence. This poisonous atmosphere culminated in the infamous first-round match between host Chile and Italy (2–0), known as the Battle of Santiago. Two Italian journalists had written unflattering articles about the host country. Although only two players (both of them Italian) were sent off by the English referee Ken Aston, the match saw repeated, deliberate attempts from players on both sides to harm opponents, and the Italian team needed police protection to leave the field in safety.

In the first round, Brazil topped their group with Czechoslovakia finishing second, above Mexico and Spain. USSR and Yugoslavia finished above Uruguay and Colombia. Hungary, along with England progressed through to the quarter-finals, while Argentina and Bulgaria were eliminated. England had the same number of points as Argentina but progressed due to a superior goal average; the first time such a requirement had been necessary in a World Cup finals tournament. Switzerland lost all three games while West Germany and Chile both went through over Italy.

Surprisingly, Chile defeated European champions USSR to land themselves a semi-final game against the winner of the England – Brazil game. A brilliant performance from Garrincha, which included two goals in a 3–1 win, saw the South Americans triumph against England. Meanwhile 1–0 wins for Yugoslavia against West Germany—and Czechoslovakia against Hungary—saw the two Slavic states meet in the semi-finals.

1962 FIFA World Cup is located in Chile
Arica
Rancagua
Santiago
Viña del Mar
A map showing the locations of the venues used at the 1962 FIFA World Cup

Viña del Mar was the original venue for the "South American" semi-final and Santiago for the "Slavic" one. But due to Chile's surprise qualification, the organizers prompted FIFA to switch the venues. This irritated crowds in Viña del Mar and only a little under 6,000 spectators came at Estadio Sausalito to watch Czechoslovakia beat Yugoslavia 3–1, whereas a capacity crowd of 76,600 in Santiago watched Brazil beat the hosts 4–2.[2] This game saw Garrincha sent off for Brazil and Honorino Landa sent off for Chile. Chile eventually went on to take third place in a 1–0 victory over Yugoslavia with the very last play of the match. The same player, Eladio Rojas, had also scored the winning goal in Chile's game against USSR.

Santiago's Estadio Nacional served as the venue for the final itself, and after 15 minutes, Brazil again found themselves a goal behind in the World Cup final, as a long ball from Adolf Scherer was latched onto by Josef Masopust: 1–0 Czechoslovakia. However, just like the previous final four years earlier, Brazil soon hit back, equalising two minutes later through Amarildo after an error by the hitherto flawless Czechoslovak goalkeeper Schroijf. The Brazilians did not stop there and with goals from Zito and Vavá (another Schrojf error) mid-way through the second half, the Czechoslovaks just couldn't get back into the game. The match ended 3–1 to Brazil, a successful defence of the title for only the second time in the history of the competition in spite of the absence of their star player of 1958, Pelé.

Venues

Four cities hosted the tournament:

Squads

For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1962 FIFA World Cup squads.

Seeding

Pot 1: South America Pot 2: European I Pot 3: European II Pot 4: Rest of the World

Results

First Round

Group 1

Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
 Soviet Union 3 2 1 0 8 5 1.60 5
 Yugoslavia 3 2 0 1 8 3 2.67 4
 Uruguay 3 1 0 2 4 6 0.67 2
 Colombia 3 0 1 2 5 11 0.45 1
30 May 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Uruguay  2 – 1  Colombia Estadio Carlos Dittborn, Arica
Attendance: 7,908
Referee: Andor Dorogi (Hungary)
Sasía Goal 56'
Cubilla Goal 75'
Report Zuluaga Goal 19' (pen.)

31 May 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Soviet Union  2 – 0  Yugoslavia Estadio Carlos Dittborn, Arica
Attendance: 15,000
Referee: Albert Dusch (West Germany)
Ivanov Goal 51'
Ponedelnik Goal 83'
Report

2 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Yugoslavia  3 – 1  Uruguay Estadio Carlos Dittborn, Arica
Attendance: 8,829
Referee: Karol Galba (Czechoslovakia)
Skoblar Goal 25' (pen.)
Galić Goal 29'
Jerković Goal 49'
Report Cabrera Goal 19'

3 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Soviet Union  4 – 4  Colombia Estadio Carlos Dittborn, Arica
Attendance: 8,040
Referee: João Etzel Filho (Brazil)
Ivanov Goal 8'11'
Chislenko Goal 10'
Ponedelnik Goal 56'
Report Aceros Goal 21'
Coll Goal 68'
Rada Goal 72'
Klinger Goal 86'

6 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Soviet Union  2 – 1  Uruguay Estadio Carlos Dittborn, Arica
Attendance: 9,973
Referee: Cesare Jonni (Italy)
Mamykin Goal 38'
Ivanov Goal 89'
Report Sasía Goal 54'

7 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Yugoslavia  5 – 0  Colombia Estadio Carlos Dittborn, Arica
Attendance: 7,167
Referee: Carlos Robles (Chile)
Galić Goal 20'61'
Jerković Goal 25'87'
Melić Goal 82'
Report

Group 2

Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
 West Germany 3 2 1 0 4 1 4.00 5
 Chile 3 2 0 1 5 3 1.67 4
 Italy 3 1 1 1 3 2 1.50 3
 Switzerland 3 0 0 3 2 8 0.25 0
30 May 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Chile  3 – 1  Switzerland Estadio Nacional, Santiago
Attendance: 65,000
Referee: Kenneth Aston (England)
L. Sánchez Goal 44'55'
Ramírez Goal 51'
Report Wüthrich Goal 6'

31 May 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
West Germany  0 – 0  Italy Estadio Nacional, Santiago
Attendance: 65,440
Referee: Robert Holley Davidson (Scotland)
Report

2 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Chile  2 – 0  Italy Estadio Nacional, Santiago
Attendance: 66,057
Referee: Kenneth Aston (England)
Ramírez Goal 73'
Toro Goal 87'
Report

3 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
West Germany  2 – 1  Switzerland Estadio Nacional, Santiago
Attendance: 64,922
Referee: Leo Horn (Netherlands)
Brülls Goal 45'
Seeler Goal 59'
Report Schneiter Goal 73'

6 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
West Germany  2 – 0  Chile Estadio Nacional, Santiago
Attendance: 67,224
Referee: Robert Holley Davidson (Scotland)
Szymaniak Goal 21' (pen.)
Seeler Goal 82'
Report

7 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Italy  3 – 0  Switzerland Estadio Nacional, Santiago
Attendance: 59,828
Referee: Nikolay Latyshev (Soviet Union)
Mora Goal 1'
Bulgarelli Goal 65'67'
Report

Group 3

Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
 Brazil 3 2 1 0 4 1 4.00 5
 Czechoslovakia 3 1 1 1 2 3 0.67 3
 Mexico 3 1 0 2 3 4 0.75 2
 Spain 3 1 0 2 2 3 0.67 2
30 May 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Brazil  2 – 0  Mexico Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar
Attendance: 10,484
Referee: Gottfried Dienst (Switzerland)
Zagallo Goal 56'
Pelé Goal 73'
Report

31 May 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Czechoslovakia  1 – 0  Spain Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar
Attendance: 12,700
Referee: Carl Erich Steiner (Austria)
Štibrányi Goal 80' Report

2 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Brazil  0 – 0  Czechoslovakia Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar
Attendance: 14,903
Referee: Pierre Schwinte (France)
Report

3 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Spain  1 – 0  Mexico Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar
Attendance: 11,875
Referee: Branko Tesanić (Yugoslavia)
Peiró Goal 90' Report

6 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Brazil  2 – 1  Spain Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar
Attendance: 18,715
Referee: Sergio Bustamante (Chile)
Amarildo Goal 72'86' Report Adelardo Goal 35'

7 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Mexico  3 – 1  Czechoslovakia Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar
Attendance: 10,648
Referee: Gottfried Dienst (Switzerland)
Díaz Goal 12'
Del Águila Goal 29'
Hernández Goal 90' (pen.)
Report Mašek Goal 1'

Group 4

Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
 Hungary 3 2 1 0 8 2 4.00 5
 England 3 1 1 1 4 3 1.33 3
 Argentina 3 1 1 1 2 3 0.67 3
 Bulgaria 3 0 1 2 1 7 0.14 1
  • England finished ahead of Argentina on goal average.
30 May 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Argentina  1 – 0  Bulgaria Estadio El Teniente, Rancagua
Attendance: 7,134
Referee: Juan Gardeazábal Garay (Spain)
Facundo Goal 4' Report

31 May 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Hungary  2 – 1  England Estadio El Teniente, Rancagua
Attendance: 7,938
Referee: Leo Horn (Netherlands)
Tichy Goal 17'
Albert Goal 61'
Report Flowers Goal 60' (pen.)

2 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
England  3 – 1  Argentina Estadio El Teniente, Rancagua
Attendance: 9,794
Referee: Nikolay Latyshev (Soviet Union)
Flowers Goal 17' (pen.)
Charlton Goal 42'
Greaves Goal 67'
Report Sanfilippo Goal 81'

3 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Hungary  6 – 1  Bulgaria Estadio El Teniente, Rancagua
Attendance: 7,442
Referee: Juan Gardeazábal Garay (Spain)
Albert Goal 1'6'53'
Tichy Goal 8'70'
Solymosi Goal 12'
Report Asparuhov Goal 64'[3]

6 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
Hungary  0 – 0  Argentina Estadio El Teniente, Rancagua
Attendance: 7,945
Referee: Arturo Yamasaki Maldonado (Peru)
Report

7 June 1962
15:00 CLT (UTC-04)
England  0 – 0  Bulgaria Estadio El Teniente, Rancagua
Attendance: 5,700
Referee: Antoine Blavier (Belgium)
Report

Knockout Stage

Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                   
10 June – Arica        
  Soviet Union  1
13 June - Santiago
  Chile  2  
  Chile  2
10 June - Viña del Mar
    Brazil  4  
  Brazil  3
17 June – Santiago
  England  1  
  Brazil  3
10 June - Santiago
    Czechoslovakia  1
  West Germany  0
13 June – Viña del Mar
  Yugoslavia  1  
  Yugoslavia  1 Third place
10 June - Rancagua
    Czechoslovakia  3  
  Hungary  0   Chile  1
  Czechoslovakia  1     Yugoslavia  0
16 June - Santiago

Quarter-Finals

10 June 1962
14:30 CLT (UTC-04)
Chile  2 – 1  Soviet Union Estadio Carlos Dittborn, Arica
Attendance: 17,268
Referee: Leo Horn (Netherlands)
Sánchez Goal 11'
Rojas Goal 29'
Report Chislenko Goal 26'

10 June 1962
14:30 CLT (UTC-04)
Czechoslovakia  1 – 0  Hungary Estadio El Teniente, Rancagua
Attendance: 11,690
Referee: Nikolay Latyshev (Soviet Union)
Scherer Goal 13' Report

10 June 1962
14:30 CLT (UTC-04)
Brazil  3 – 1  England Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar
Attendance: 17,736
Referee: Pierre Schwinte (France)
Garrincha Goal 31'59'
Vavá Goal 53'
Report Hitchens Goal 38'

10 June 1962
14:30 CLT (UTC-04)
Yugoslavia  1 – 0  West Germany Estadio Nacional, Santiago
Attendance: 63,324
Referee: Arturo Yamasaki Maldonado (Peru)
Radaković Goal 85' Report

Semi-Finals

13 June 1962
14:30 CLT (UTC-04)
Czechoslovakia  3 – 1  Yugoslavia Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar
Attendance: 5,890
Referee: Gottfried Dienst (Switzerland)
Kadraba Goal 48'
Scherer Goal 80'84' (pen.)
Report Jerković Goal 69'

13 June 1962
14:30 CLT (UTC-04)
Brazil  4 – 2  Chile Estadio Nacional, Santiago
Attendance: 76,500
Referee: Arturo Yamasaki Maldonado (Peru)
Garrincha Goal 9'32'
Vavá Goal 47'78'
Report Toro Goal 42'
Sánchez Goal 61' (pen.)

Third-Place Match

16 June 1962
14:30 CLT (UTC-04)
Chile  1 – 0  Yugoslavia Estadio Nacional, Santiago
Attendance: 67,000
Referee: Juan Gardeazábal Garay (Spain)
Rojas Goal 90' Report

Final

17 June 1962
14:30 CLT (UTC-04)
Brazil  3 – 1  Czechoslovakia Estadio Nacional, Santiago
Attendance: 68,679
Referee: Nikolay Latyshev (Soviet Union)
Amarildo Goal 17'
Zito Goal 69'
Vavá Goal 78'
Report Masopust Goal 15'

Scorers

4 goals
3 goals
2 goals


1 goal

FIFA Retrospective Ranking

In 1986, FIFA published a report that ranked all teams in each World Cup up to and including 1986, based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition.[4] The rankings for the 1962 tournament were as follows:

Final

  1.  Brazil
  2.  Czechoslovakia

3rd and 4th place

  1.  Chile
  2.  Yugoslavia

Eliminated in the quarter-finals

  1.  Hungary
  2.  Soviet Union
  3.  West Germany
  4.  England

Eliminated at the group stage

  1.  Italy
  2.  Argentina
  3.  Mexico
  4.  Uruguay
  5.  Spain
  6.  Colombia
  7.  Bulgaria
  8.  Switzerland

Footnotes

  1. ^ History of the World Cup Final Draw
  2. ^ Grüne, Hardy (2006). "WM 1962 Chile". Fussball WM Enzyklopädie 1930-2006. Agon Sportverlag. ISBN 978-3-89784-8. 
  3. ^ RSSSF credits this goal to Georgi Asparuhov.
  4. ^ http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/afdeveloping/technicaldevp/50/09/00/fwc_mexico_1986_en_part4_279.pdf page 45

External links


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