Tanner Trail


Tanner Trail

Infobox Hiking trail
Name=Tanner Trail
Photo=Tanner Canyon.jpg
Caption=A view of Tanner Canyon
Location=Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona, United States
Length= 9 mi; 14.5 km
Start/End Points=Lipan Point
Colorado River
Grand Canyon (South Rim)
Use=Hiking
Backpacking
ElevChange=4750 ft
HighPoint=Lipan Point, 7400 ft
LowPoint=Colorado River, 2650 ft
Difficulty=Very strenuous
Season=Early Spring to
Late Fall
Sights=Grand Canyon
Colorado River
Hazards=Severe weather
Overexertion
Dehydration
Flash flood

The Tanner Trail is a hiking trail located on the South Rim of the Grand Canyon National Park, located in the U.S. state of Arizona. The trailhead is located at Lipan Point, a prominent lookout located to the east of the Grand Canyon Village. [National Geographic Maps Trails Illustrated:Grand Canyon National Park] With its length, difficulty level, remoteness, and rewarding views, the Tanner Trail has become a popular destination for tourist and backpacker alike.

History

The Tanner Trail started out as an ancient Anasazi and Hopi route to the Colorado River. Most believe today that Tanner Canyon is where Garcia Lopez de Cardenas became the first European to encounter the Grand Canyon. The trail is named after Seth Tanner, a 19th century prospector who improved the trail so he would have better access to his copper mine. It is also believed that Tanner Canyon was once used as an old horse thief trail. The horse thieves would use the canyon to bring the horses from Arizona into Utah. While in the canyon, the horse thieves would change the brands of the horses, then they would cross the Colorado River and drive the horses out of the canyon through the Nankoweap Trail up onto the North Rim. The canyon was once named Horsethief Canyon in honor of this storied past. [ [http://www.bobspixels.com/kaibab.org/bc/gc_tr_ta.htm History of Tanner Trail] ]

Access

Entrance to the South Rim of the Grand Canyon can be accessed by two points: the south entrance via State Route 64 north from Williams, and the east entrance via State Route 64 west from Interstate 89. The trailhead for the Tanner Trail is located near the parking area at Lipan Point, which can be accessed by the Desert View Drive. Hikers are advised to park at Lipan Point, as the trailhead is located just before the parking lot at Lipan Point. [ [http://www.nps.gov/grca/planyourvisit/directions_s_rim.htm Directions to South Rim] ]

Description

The Tanner trailhead begins at the information sign just before Lipan Point. The trail starts out by crossing the rim plateau to the canyon edge. It then enters the Tanner Canyon and starts a series of switchbacks, which become very steep and rocky. The descent is considered to be one of the steepest rim descents in the Grand Canyon. The trail goes through the Kaibab Formation and becomes even steeper in the Coconino sandstone and the Hermit shale. It finally reaches the Supai group, where the ridge between Tanner Canyon and Seventyfive Mile Canyon is located.

The trail then enters into the Tanner Canyon creek for a short time, then it leaves the creek. It then makes a long yet moderate crossing of the Supai group. There are many suitable campsites along this stretch, while it passes Escalante and then Cardenas Buttes. The trail passes below these buttes and descends into a boulder-strewn plateau. It then turns to the north to the end of the plateau.

At this point the trail makes its second major descent, dropping off the plateau into the lower Tanner Canyon. There are some switchbacks yet the trail mainly descends straight down around 800 ft to a red saddle below where there are a few campsites. From the saddle, the trail levels out, although there is still a gradual rate of descent. The trail follows the west side of Tanner Canyon, slowly descending to the streambed below. When the streambed is reached, the trail crosses over to the east side and up onto the river plateau. It crosses this small plateau and drops into the campground. Campsites can be found to the east and the west (Pgs 79-86).

Condition

The trail is categorized as a "primitive trail" and receives little maintenance by trail crews and very few patrols by park rangers. This trail is only recommended for seasoned hikers, as it is very steep, rocky, has very little shade, and the only water source is the Colorado River. The trail is fairly well worn, and mostly easy to follow, although it is one of the longer trails in the Canyon. Extreme care and preparation should always be taken in attempting a trail in the Grand Canyon (Pg. 79) cite book |last=Adkinson |first=Ron |authorlink=Ron Adkinson |coauthors= |title=A Falcon Guide:Hiking Grand Canyon National Park |year=2006 |publisher=Morris Book Publishing |isbn=0-7627-3657-7 ] .

Water availability

The only reliable source of water along the Tanner Trail is the Colorado River. Seasonal water may be found in the Tanner Canyon. Hikers can check with the Backcountry Information Center for updates on all seasonal water sources, which are regularly checked by other hikers and Park rangers. All water in the Grand Canyon must be treated before consumption. The National Park Service recommends boiling, iodine tablets, or filters in order to purify the water. If water is taken from the Colorado River, the Park recommends letting the water sit so the sediment will settle. [ [http://www.nps.gov/grca/planyourvisit/hiking-faq.htm#CP_JUMP_100064 Hiking FAQ's] ]

Camping

Camping in the Tanner Trail area is at-large. There are multiple "campsites" along the trail, but the main camp area is located at Tanner Rapids, a spot that is popular to rafters. The camp area is located at the end of the Trail, situated between the dunes to west and the river to the east. The camp area has a pit toilet located in the middle of the campsites. The sand dunes to west are off-limits to camping and foot-travel, as the Park is attempting to revegetate and stabilize the area (Pg. 85) .

Hazards

Hazards hikers can encounter along the Tanner Trail include dehydration, heat stroke, exhaustion, sudden rainstorms, flash flooding, loose footing, rockfall, encounters with wildlife, extreme heat, and getting lost. At the Colorado River, additional hazards include hypothermia (due to the river's consistently cold temperatures), trauma (due to collisions with boulders in rapids), and drowning. Extreme care, caution, and preparation should always be used when entering the Grand Canyon. [ [http://www.nps.gov/grca/planyourvisit/hike-smart.htm Grand Canyon National Park Summer Hiking] ]

Hikers also need to remember that the Grand Canyon is located in the desert, and as such there are many dangerous desert species to watch out for. These include all types of scorpions, snakes, spiders, centipedes, mice, deer, big horn sheep, and mountain lions. The most dangerous and venomous of these animals are the black widow spider, the Arizona bark scorpion, and the rattlesnake (Pgs 44-45).

References

ee also

* List of trails in Grand Canyon National Park
* Desert View Watchtower

External links

* [http://www.nps.gov/grca/ Grand Canyon National Park, Official site]
* [http://www.bobspixels.com/kaibab.org/bc/gc_tr_ta.htm Grand Canyon Explorer]
* [http://www.moon.com/planner/grand_canyon/mustsee/southrimtrails.html Grand Canyon Planner]
* [http://www.americansouthwest.net/arizona/grand_canyon/tanner_trail.html The American Southwest]
* [http://graphicsdept.com/tannertrail/index.htm Tanner Photos]
* [http://trails.gotakeahike.com/arizona/tanner-trail-grand-canyon/ Grand Canyon Pictures and Reviews]


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