- Windsor, New South Wales
Infobox Australian Place | type = town
name = Windsor
state = NSW
caption = The Historic Tebbutts Observatory (circa 1879)
lga = City of Hawkesbury
postcode = 2756
pop = 1864 (Census 2001)
stategov = Hawkesbury
fedgov = Greenway
dist1 = 56
dir1 = north-west
location1= Sydney CBD
near-nw = Richmond
near-n = Freemans Reach
near-ne = Pitt Town
near-w = Richmond
near-e = Pitt Town
near-sw = South Windsor
near-s = Mulgrave
near-se = McGraths Hill
Windsor is a town in the state of
New South Wales, Australia. Windsor is located in the local government area of the City of Hawkesbury. It sits on the Hawkesbury River, on the north-western outskirts of the Sydney metropolitan area.
Windsor is the third-oldest place of British settlement on the Australian continent. Settlement at the location was first established about 1791, near the head of navigation on the Hawkesbury River (known as "Deerubbin" in Dharuk) and taking advantage of the fertile river flats for agriculture. The area was originally called Green Hills, but renamed Windsor (after Windsor in
England). The town was officially proclaimed in a Government and General Order issued from Government House, Sydney, dated 15 December, 1810, Governor Lachlan Macquariehaving "marked out the district of Green Hills", which he "... called Windsor", after Windsor-on-the-Thames.
Whilst in Windsor, Macquarie ordered the main institutions of organised settlement to be erected, such as a church, a school-house, a gaol and a "commodious inn" ("The Macquarie Arms"). Of these new buildings, the most imposing was
Francis Greenway's Saint Matthew's Anglican Church, of which Macquarie himself chose the site. Samuel Marsden, principal chaplain of the colony, consecrated the church on December 8th, 1822 [cite book
title=Historic Buildings. Windsor and Richmond
publisher=The State Planning Authority of New South Wales] .
1813a report was given to Governor Macquarie from Earl Bathurst detailing a proposed invasion of the Hawkesbury River by France. This planned invasion that did not eventuate, targeted the Windsor granary in order to cut off supply to Sydney, showing the relative importance of this new settlement on a global scale.
Windsor is approximately 60 kilometres north-west of
Sydney, and the location was chosen because of the agricultural potential of the area and because the location was accessible by coastal shipping from Sydney. It was known as the "bread basket", ensuring the survival of the starving colony. The extensive agriculture caused major silting in the Hawkesbury River, by the 1890s the river had become so blocked with silt, ships could not travel up to Windsor from the coast. By then the railway, in 1864, and the road, in 1814, had been built.
January 1, 1803 Daniel Eganwas born in Windsor. He went on to become Mayor of Sydney in 1853. Many of the oldest surviving European buildings in Australiaare located at Windsor.
Floods are a major concern in Windsor. Its proximity to the Hawkesbury River has resulted in numerous disastrous floods. A horseshoe on the outside wall of the Macquarie Arms pub marks the level the flood peaked at in 1867, when beaches along the Hawkesbury to Barrenjoey were littered with the debris from the town.
The spread of the suburbs of metropolitan Sydney has almost reached Windsor, and the town is now regarded as an outer suburb, though still retaining its appeal as a small country town. Windsor railway station ("opened December 1st, 1864"cite book
others=Public Transport Commission of New South Wales. Administrative Branch (Archives Section)
title=Station Names. Date of opening, closing and/or change of name
pages=37] ), is on the Richmond branch of the Western Line of the
The studios of local community radio station
Hawkesbury Radioare located in Windsor. Windsor was also the outdoor filming location for the television series A Country Practice.
Dillwynia Women's Correctional Centre
John Morony Correctional Centre
Richmond, New South Wales
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