- Richmond, New South Wales
Infobox Australian Place | type = town
name = Richmond
New South Wales
postcode = 2753
pop = 5560
maxtemp = 23.7
mintemp = 10.7
rainfall = 810.3
stategov = Londonderry
dist1 = 5
dist2 = 63
near-nw = North Richmond
near-n = Richmond Lowlands
near-ne = Freemans Reach
near-w = Grose Wold
near-e = Windsor
near-sw = Agnes Banks
near-s = Hobartville and Londonderry
near-se = South Windsor
Richmond is a town in
New South Wales, Australia. Richmond is located 63 kilometresnorth-west of Sydneyin the Local Government Area of the City of Hawkesbury. It is located on the alluvial Hawkesbury Riverflats, at the foot of the Blue Mountains. It is 19 metres above sea-leveland a latitude33° 35' 54" South and longitude150°45' 04" east. It is 53 km in a direct line, and about 65 km by road from Sydney. It is adjacent to Windsor.
Darugpeople were the native people to the area in 1788. The area was originally explored by British settlers in 1789 and was known by the colonialists as 'Richmond Hill'. This name was given by Governor Phillip, in honour of Charles Lennox, the third Duke of Richmondwho was Master General of Ordnance in the Pitt administration. The local area was the third area to have European settlement in Australiaafter Sydneyand Parramatta. The first 22 settlers came to the area was settled in 1794. They came to farm a total of 30 acres(121,000 m²) in modern day Pitt TownBottoms to help overcome the desperate need for good farming land and food in the new colony. By 1799 this region was producing about half the grain produced in the colony.
Battle of Richmond Hill" took place in May or June 1795 between the Darug people and the European settlers. It is perhaps the first time that the colonial authorities sent in the troopers and expressly stated their intent to 'destroy' the whole local Aboriginal population of an area.
During WWII the RAAF operated a top secret operations bunker which was located somewhere in the suburb of Richmond. The bunker was either semi or completely underground. The location of this bunker is unknown. It has been reported that this bunker was identical to the
Bankstown Bunkerwhich is currently buried under a public park in Bankstown. It has also been reported that this bunker could still be intact. [Citation
title =Backyard adventure uncovers a wartime secret.
newspaper =Australian Geographic
pages = Pages 17 - 18
date =January - March
url = http://editorial.australiangeographic.com.au/ ]
RAAF Base Richmondis a Royal Australian Air Forcebase at Richmond which was established in 1923. The air base is currently the home to the RAAF's transport squadrons. During the Vietnam War, logistic support and medical evacuations were supplied by the C-130 Herculesaircraft from RAAF Richmond.
The expansion of the Sydney suburban area has almost reached Richmond and it is now considered to be an outer suburb of
Sydney. Bells Line of Road which leads into, over and across the Blue Mountains, finishing in Lithgow, starts in Richmond. Richmond railway station is the terminus of the Richmond branch of the Western Line of the CityRailnetwork.
Richmond is the home to a range of educational facilities, from Primary and High Schools to
Technical and Further Education(TAFE) and University campuses.
There are three primary schools in Richmond (although there are many more in the Richmond/Hawkesbury area)
Richmond Public School, Hobartville Public Schooland St Monica's Primary School, a comprehensive Catholic school. Richmond High School is the only High School in the town of Richmond, as Colo High Schooldraws from the area west of Richmond and Windsor High School to the east.
TAFE NSW Western Sydney Institute - Richmond College. A major centre for agriculture, animal care, and horse and horticulture education. Other program areas include information technology, business and administration services, tourism, general education, sustainable agriculture, aquaculture, floristry, food technology, and environmental studies. The site spreads over 50 hectares. [ [http://www.tafensw.edu.au/campuses/location_389.htm/ TAFE - Richmond College.] Retrieved 15 February 2007]
University of Western Sydney - Hawkesbury Campus. The campus's history dates back to 1891 when the New South Wales Department of Agriculture established the Hawkesbury Agricultural College. By car the campus can be entered from Bourke St, Blacktown Rd or Londonderry Rd in Richmond. The site spreads over 1300 hectares. [ [http://www.uws.edu.au/about/locations/hawkesbury/ UWS Hawkesbury.] Retrieved 15 February 2007]
* [http://www.defence.gov.au/raaf/ Royal Australian Air Force]
* [http://www.hawkesbury.nsw.gov.au/ Hawkesbury City Council]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.