- The Police
Infobox musical artist
Name = The Police
Img_capt = The Police performing live on
1 August, 2007at Madison Square Garden, New York.
Img_size = 250
Landscape = Yes
Background = group_or_band
Years_active = 1977–1986,
(One-off performance: 2003)
Label = A&M, Polydor,
Universal Music Group
Associated_acts = Strontium 90,
Oysterhead, Gizmo, Sting
Past_members = Sting
Andy Summers Stewart Copeland Henry Padovani
URL = [http://www.thepolice.com Official website]
The Police were a three-piece rock band consisting of Sting (vocals,
bass guitar), Andy Summers( guitar, vocals) and Stewart Copeland(drums, percussion, vocals). The band became globally popular in the early 1980s, playing a style of rock that was influenced by jazz, punk and reggaemusic. Their 1983 album, "Synchronicity", was number one in the UK and the US and sold over 8,000,000 copies in the US. The band broke up in 1984, but reunited in early 2007 for a one-off world tour lasting until August 2008, in celebration of the 30th anniversary of their hit single "Roxanne" and also, to a lesser extent, that of their formation as a group. To date, The Police have sold more than 50 million albums worldwide, and were the highest earning musicians in the world during 2008, as a result of their reunion tour [cite web|url=http://www.idiomag.com/peek/43070/madonna|title=Madonna News - The Police Are Considerably Richer Than You|accessdate=2008-09-26|date=2008-09-26|publisher= idiomag] . " Rolling Stone" ranked The Police number 70 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/6511673.stm BBC NEWS | Entertainment | Police fan bands go on patrol ] ]
The Police were founded by American-born drummer
Stewart Copelandin early 1977. After the demise of his progressive rockband Curved Air, Copeland was anxious to form a new three-piece group and join the burgeoning London punk scene. Singer-bassist Sting and guitarist Henry Padovanibegan rehearsing with Copeland in January 1977, and they recorded their first Police single, "Fall Out"/"Nothing Achieving," the following month. Acting Manager Paul Mulligan paid for the recording of the single. In March and April, the threesome toured as a support act for Cherry Vanillaas well as Wayne County & the Electric Chairs.
In May, ex-Gong musician
Mike Howlettinvited Sting and former Eric Burdon and the Animalsguitarist Andy Summersto form Strontium 90 with him, as a project band for a Gong reunion. The drummer Howlett had in mind for this band, Chris Cutler, was unavailable to play, so Sting brought along Stewart Copeland. Strontium 90 recorded several demo tracks at Virtual Earth Studios, and then performed at a Gong reunion concert in Paris on May 28, 1977. An album with some of these studio and live tracks (with the first recorded version of " Every Little Thing She Does Is Magic") was released twenty years later in 1997 under the name "". The foursome also performed at a London club as "The Elevators" in July 1977.
In July 1977, Copeland, Sting, Padovani, and Summers began performing as a four-piece version of the Police. Padovani's relatively limited ability as a guitarist meant that his tenure with the band was short. Soon after an aborted recording session with producer
John Caleon August 10, Padovani left the band and Summers took over sole guitar duties. This lineup of Copeland, Sting, and Summers would endure for the rest of Police history.
Sting proved to be a capable songwriter. He had previously spent time as a
secondary schoolEnglish teacher, and his lyrics are noted for their literary awareness and verbal agility. Material in the later album "Ghost in the Machine" was inspired by the writings of Arthur Koestler, and material in "Synchronicity" was prominently inspired by the writings of Carl Jung. " Tea in the Sahara" on the latter album showed interest in the work of author Paul Bowlesas well.
The Police, along with
The Clash, are notable as one of the first mainstream white bands to adopt reggaeas a predominant musical form, and to score major international hits with reggae-styled material. Although skaand reggae were already very popular in the United Kingdom, the style was little known in the United States or other countries. Prior to the emergence of the Police, only a handful of reggae songs — such as Eric Clapton's 1974 cover rendition of Bob Marley's " I Shot the Sheriff" or Paul Simon's " Mother and Child Reunion" — had enjoyed any significant chart success.
The bleached blonde hair that would become a trademark of the band was a lucky accident, originating in February 1978. The band, desperate for money, was asked to do a commercial for
Wrigley's Spearmint chewing gumon the condition that they dye their hair blonde.
For the Police, their first album, "
Outlandos d'Amour" was a hardship, working on a small budget, with no manager or record deal. Stewart Copeland's older brother Miles Copeland IIIheard "Roxanne" for the first time and immediately got them a record deal with A&M Records. Originally released in 1978, the single was re-released in 1979, and it was then that the Police gained widespread recognition in the United Kingdom, as well as scoring a minor hit with the song in several other countries, notably Australia. Their success led to a gig at the famous New Yorkclub CBGBand a gruelling United States tour in which the band drove themselves and all their equipment around the country in a Ford Econolinevan.
In October 1979, the group released their second album "
Reggatta de Blanc", which was a major seller in many countries and which spawned the U.K. singles "Message In A Bottle," their first #1, and " Walking on the Moon," also a chart topper. The instrumental title track would win the Grammy for Best Rock Instrumental Performance.
In March 1980, the Police did their first world tour, and they were one of the first major rock bands to play in places like Mexico City, Mexico, Bombay,
Indiaand Egypt. The Mexico City show was filmed by Canal 13. In May A&M in Great Britain released " Six Pack (The Police)," an expensive package containing the 5 previous A&M singles (not including "Fall Out") in their original sleeves plus a mono alternate take of the popular album track (from "Regatta De Blanc") " The Bed's Too Big Without You" backed with a live version of the "Outlandos d'Amour" track "Truth Hits Everybody." It reached #17 in the U.K. singles chart although chart regulations introduced later in the decade would have classed it as an album.
Pressured by their record company for a new record and a prompt return to touring, the Police released their third album, "
Zenyatta Mondatta", in the autumn of 1980. The album gave the group their third U.K. #1 hit, " Don't Stand So Close to Me", and " De Do Do Do, De Da Da Da", which charted in the United States. In subsequent interviews Sting stated that he regretted the rushed recording for the album. However, many critics would later cite it as one of their strongest efforts. The instrumental "Behind My Camel," written by Andy Summers won the band a Grammyfor Best Rock Instrumental Performance. The song "Don't Stand So Close to Me" won the Grammy for Best Rock Vocal Performance For Duo Or Group.
By this time Sting was becoming a major star, and he established a career beyond the Police by branching out into acting. He made a well-received debut as the 'Ace Face' in "Quadrophenia" the film version of
The Who's rock opera, followed by a role as a mechanic in love with Eddie Cochran's music in Chris Petit's " Radio On". He also played the character Feyd Rautha' in "Dune" and a soldier who is executed for being too brave in " The Adventures of Baron Munchausen".
As Sting's fame rose, his relationship with band founder Stewart Copeland began to deteriorate. The increasingly strained partnership was further stretched by the pressures of worldwide
publicityand fame, conflicting egos, and their financial success. Meanwhile, both Sting and Summers' marriages failed (Sting settled down with new partner Trudie Styler, whom he later married, while Summers, after a brief relationship that fathered a son Andrew Jr., re-married his second wife Kate).
The Police's fourth album, "Ghost in the Machine", co-produced by
Hugh Padgham, was released in 1981. It featured thicker sounds, layered saxophones, and vocal textures. It spawned the hit singles, " Every Little Thing She Does Is Magic", " Invisible Sun", and " Spirits in the Material World". As the band were unable to agree on a cover picture, the album cover had three red pictographs, "digital" likenesses of the three band members in the style of segmented LED displays, set against a black background. In the 1980s, Sting and Andy Summers became tax exiles and moved to Ireland (Sting to Roundstone in Galway, and Andy to Kinsale in County Cork) while Stewart, an American, remained in England.
The Police took a sabbatical in 1982, with Sting pursuing his acting career, co-starring with
Denholm Elliotand Joan Plowrightin the Richard Loncrainefilm version of Dennis Potter's play " Brimstone and Treacle". He also had a minor solo hit in the United Kingdom with the movie's theme song, "Spread A Little Happiness" (which appeared on the Brimstone and Treacle soundtrack, along with three new Police tracks). Summers recorded his first album with Robert Fripp, "I Advance Masked".
The Police released their last album, "Synchronicity", in 1983. Notable songs from that album include "
Every Breath You Take", " Wrapped Around Your Finger", " King of Pain" and the foreboding " Synchronicity II". Except for "King of Pain", the singles were accompanied by music videos directed by Godley & Creme. This album hit #1 in both the U.K. (where it debuted at #1) and the U.S. It stayed at #1 in the U.K. for only two weeks and in the U.S. for 17 weeks. It was nominated for the Album of the Year Grammy, but lost to the inevitable winner, Michael Jackson's "Thriller".
The Police beat out Jackson in one category: "Every Breath You Take" won the Grammy for Song Of The Year, beating Jackson's "
Billie Jean". "Every Breath You Take" also won the Grammy for Best Pop Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocal while "Synchronicity II" won the Grammy for Best Rock Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocal. "Every Breath You Take" also won the "American Video Award" for Best Group video and nabbed two Ivor Novello Awardsfor the categories Best Song Musically & Lyrically and Most Performed Work. In 1983, Stewart Copeland composed the musical score for " Rumble Fish" a film directed and produced by Francis Ford Coppolafrom the S.E. Hintonnovel. A song released to radio on A& M Records "Don't Box Me In (theme From "Rumble Fish")", a collaboration between Copeland and singer/songwriter Stan Ridgwayleader of the band Wall of Voodoo, received significant airplay upon release of the film that year.
Although there was never an official split, each band member pursued his own solo career after the Synchronicity tour ended in March 1984. In June 1986, the trio reconvened to play three concerts for the
Amnesty International" A Conspiracy of Hope Tour". In July of that year, a tense short-lived reunion in the studio produced only subdued re-recordings of "Don't Stand So Close to Me" and "De Do Do Do, De Da Da Da". The former was released in October 1986 as their final single together in the form of "Don't Stand So Close To Me '86" (a substantially reworked version of the 1980 original), appeared on the compilation "", and made the UK Top 25. By this time, it was clear that Sting had no intention of continuing with the band, having already released a successful solo debut LP in 1985, the jazz-influenced " The Dream of the Blue Turtles".
In 1992, Sting wed
Trudie Styler. Summers and Copeland were invited to the ceremony and reception. Aware that all band members were present, the wedding guests pressured the trio into playing, and they ultimately performed "Roxanne" and "Message In A Bottle." Copeland said later that "after about three minutes, it became 'the thing' again." Also in 1992, Andy Summers served a brief stint as Musical Director on the short-lived "Dennis Miller Show".
March 10, 2003, the Police were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fameand performed "Roxanne," "Message In a Bottle," and "Every Breath You Take" live, as a group. The last song was performed alongside Steven Tyler, Gwen Stefani, and John Mayer. Towards the end of the song, Copeland, known for tightening his drum heads until his knuckles turn white and a hard popping snare backbeat, broke the head of his snare drum. That fall Sting released his autobiography, "Broken Music".
Henry Padovani(the band's guitarist before Andy Summers joined) released an album with the participation of Stewart Copeland and Sting in one track, reuniting the "original" Police members in a performance for the first time since 1977. Also in 2004, Rolling Stone Magazineranked The Police #70 on their list of the [http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/5939214/the_immortals_the_first_fifty/ 100 Greatest Artists of All Time] . [cite web| title = The Immortals: The First Fifty| work = Rolling Stone Issue 946| publisher = Rolling Stone| url =http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/5939214/the_immortals_the_first_fifty]
Stewart Copelandmade a rockumentaryabout the band called "", based on Super-8filming he did when the band was touring and recording in the late '70s and the early '80s. In October 2006 Andy Summers released "One Train Later", an autobiographical memoir detailing his early career and time with the band.
2007 - 2008 reunion
In early 2007, reports surfaced that the trio would reunite for a tour to mark their 30th anniversary, [ [http://www.stingus.net The Police 2007 reunion] ] over 20 years since their 'final' split in 1986. The concerts would coincide with Universal Music (current owners of the A&M label) re-releasing some material from the band's back catalogue. [cite web| title = Police fans may soon be walking on the moon again| work = The Mail on Sunday,
December 31, 2006| url = http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/showbiz/showbiznews.html?in_article_id=425595&in_page_id=1766&ito=1490] The following statement was released on behalf of the band by a spokesperson at Interscope Geffen A&M Records and posted on Sting's official website: "As the 30th anniversary of the first Police single approaches, discussions have been underway as to how this will be commemorated. While we can confirm that there will indeed be something special done to mark the occasion, the depth of the band's involvement still remains undetermined."
January 22, 2007, the punk wave magazine Side-Linebroke the story that The Police would reunite for the Grammys, adding that the song performed would be "Roxanne". [ [http://www.side-line.com/news_comments.php?id=P20272_0_2_0 The Police reunion at Grammys] ] [ [http://www.side-line.com/news_comments.php?id=20666_0_2_0_C The Police to play "Roxanne" at Grammys] ] Side-Linealso announced in its news coverage that The Police were to embark on a massive tour bringing them to cities all over the world. Billboard magazine later confirmed the rumours, quoting Andy Summers who had discussed earlier in 2006 how the band could have continued post-"Synchronicity": "The more rational approach would have been, 'OK, Sting, go make a solo record, and let's get back together in two or three years. I'm certain we could have done that. Of course we could have. We were definitely not in a creative dry space. We could have easily carried on, and we could probably still be there. That wasn't to be our fate. It went in another way. I regret we never paid it off with a last tour." [ [http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003527290 Police Reunion Rumors Reaching Fever Pitch] - Billboard, January 3, 2007]
The Police opened the 49th Annual
GrammyAwards on 11 February, 2007in Los Angeles, California, [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/6313865.stm Police to reunite for Grammy gig] ] announcing "We're The Police. And we're back!" before launching into "Roxanne." A&M [ [http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/wireStory?id=2768878 ABC News: ABC News ] ] Records, the band's record company, promoted the 2007–2008 reunion tour as the 30th anniversary of the release of their first single and not indeed that of the band's creation. ABC reported, "This year marks the 30th anniversary of the release of 'Roxanne,' the single that broke the Police in the United States." The single was released in April 1978.
The Police opened their Reunion Tour in
Vancouveron May 28 in front of 22,000 fans at one of two nearly sold-out concerts. Stewart Copeland gave a scathing review of the show on his own website, [Stewart Copeland [http://www.stewartcopeland.net/forum/viewtopic.php?t=2809&start=0 on his own forum] ] which the press picked up as a feud occurring two gigs into the tour. It was only meant to be tongue-in-cheek and the band took it as light-hearted as it was intended. In October 2007 the group played the largest gig of the reunion tour in Dublin, Ireland, in front of 82,000 fans.
The Police continued their reunion tour in 2008, and locations include
New Zealand, Australia, Singapore, Macau, Japan, Canada, USA, France, Germany, Norway, Denmark, UK, Serbia, Poland, Argentinaand Brazil, where they played for 75,000 people. Henry Padovanijoined the band on stage for the final encore of their show in Parison September 29th. The Police as a 4-piece band played "Next to You" from the band's first album Outlandos d'Amour.
The Police also headlined the last night of the 2008
Isle of Wight Festivalon 15 June, 2008, [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7112791.stm BBC NEWS | Entertainment | Police 'coup' for Wight festival ] ] in addition to headlining the Sunday night at Hard Rock Calling (previously called Hyde Park Calling) on 29 June. [ [http://www.hardrockcalling.co.uk/home/ Hard Rock Calling ] ] The Police performed on June 24in Belgrade(Serbia) with Counting Crowsfor 52,000 sold tickets. [ [http://www.rts.co.yu/jedna_vest.asp?belong=&IDNews=226097 KONCERT GRUPE 'POLIS' NA UŠĆU] ]
In February 2008, The Police announced that once they were finished touring, they would break up again. According to Sting, "There will be no new album, no big new tour, once we're done with our reunion tour, that's it for the Police". [ [http://www.icelebz.com/gossips/2008_02_27/25.html Sting Can't Wait To Be A Solo Singer Again] ]
The final show of the tour was held August 7 at
Madison Square Gardenin New York City. The group earlier announced the show while donating $1 million to New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg's initiative to plant one million trees in the city by 2017. [ [http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20080506/en_nm/sting_dc;_ylt=AsAsASWOOg2vT5LCX8zozeus0NUE The Police to perform final gig in New York - Yahoo! News ] ] Proceeds went towards arts programming for the city's two public television stations. During the entire tour they sold 3.7 million tickets and grossed $358 million, making it the third highest grossing tour of all time. [Citation | last =Scaggs | first =Austin | title =The Police Say Farewell With New York Blowout | journal = Rolling Stone| volume = | issue =1060 | pages =15 | date =September 4, 2008 | year =2008 | url = | doi = | id = ]
The Police and Best Buy announced August 4, 2008 that they will release a collector's set entitled "." The set will include an entire concert recorded live in Buenos Aires, Argentina on the tour. The set will come in the following packages: 2DVD/2CD, 1 Blu-Ray Disc/2CD, and 3 premium 180-gram vinyl LPs with MP3 file key. The set will include bonus footage, including a documentary shot by Stewart's son Jordan entitled "Better Than Therapy." The set will be released on November 11, 2008 from Best Buy. [ [http://www.thepolice.com/news/news.php?uid=5814 ThePolice.com news .news ] ] [ [http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003827534 Live CD/DVD To Chronicle Police Reunion Tour ] ]
Outlandos d'Amour" - November, 1978 - UK #6; US #23 - US sales: Platinum
Reggatta de Blanc" - October, 1979 - UK #1; US #25 - US sales: Platinum
Zenyattà Mondatta" - October, 1980 - UK #1; US #5 - US sales: 2x Platinum
* "Ghost in the Machine" - October, 1981 - UK #1; US #2 - US sales: 3x Platinum
* "Synchronicity" - June, 1983 - UK #1; US #1 - US sales: 8x Platinum
* "Live!" - (1995) US sales: Platinum
* "" - (November 11, 2008) - Live CD of 2007/08 Reunion Tour recored in Buenos Aires, Argentina (packaged with DVD or Blu-Ray, Also a "Best Buy" Exclusive.)
oundtracks and other contributions
The Secret Policeman's Ball" - 1981
Urgh! A Music War" - May, 1982
* "Brimstone and Treacle" -
July 1, 1982
* "" -
July 29, 1997
* "" - October, 1986 - UK #1; US #7
* "Greatest Hits" - September, 1992 - UK #10
* "" -
September 28, 1993- US Sales: Platinum
* "" -
September 12, 1995- US sales: 5x Platinum
The Very Best of Sting & The Police" - November, 1997
The Very Best of Sting & The Police" - February 21, 2002
* "The Police" -
June 5, 2007
Tribute & covers albums
* Dance Floor Virus "The Ballroom" (Dance Pool, 1995) - dance versions of Police songs, featuring Sting doing re-recorded vocals
* various "Reggatta Mondatta - A Reggae Tribute To The Police" (Ark21, 1997)
* various "Outlandos d'Americas - A Rock En Español Tribute To The Police" (Ark21, 1998)
* various "Reggatta Mondatta - A Reggae Tribute To The Police Volume II " (Ark21, 1998)
* The Secret Police "Regatta Copycatta" (Arrested, 1999)
* Invisible Sun "A Tribute to the Police" (Big Eye, 2001)
* various "Many Miles Away" (Solarmanite, 2001)
* various [?] "Every Song You Make - A Tribute To Sting & The Police Vol. 1" (2003)
* various "Blue Note Plays Sting" [includes Sting and Police songs] (Blue Note, 2005)
* various "
¡Policia! - A Tribute To The Police" (The Militia Group, 2005)
* dubXanne feat. Ranking Roger, Benjamin Zephaniah, Big Youth, Earl 16 a.o. - "The Police In Dub" (Echo Beach, 2008)
*"Around The World" (1982)
*"Synchronicity Concert" (1984)
*"Every Breath You Take: The Videos" (1986)
*"Greatest Hits" (1992)
*"Outlandos to Synchronicities – A history of The Police Live!" (1995)
*"The Very Best Of Sting & The Police" (1997)
*"Live Ghost in the Machine" (2001) (Japan-only release)
*"Live '79 at Hatfield Polytechnic" (2002) (Japan-only release)
*"Every Breath You Take: The DVD" (2003) Expanded DVD release of the original 1986 video compilation, adding live material and a
rockumentaryabout the making of "Ghost in the Machine"
*"Synchronicity Concert" (2005) DVD re-release of the 1983
Atlantaconcert (AUS #35)
*"" (2006) –
rockumentaryfilm made by Stewart Copeland
*"Greatest Video Hits" (2007) Repackage of 1992 "Greatest Hits" video
*"" (November 11, 2008) - Live DVD of 2007/08 Reunion Tour filmed in Buenos Aires, Argentina (packaged with CD)
*"" (November 11, 2008) - Concert film of 2007/08 Reunion Tour filmed in Buenos Aires, Argentina (packaged with CD)
*1982 – Best British Group
*1985 – Outstanding Contribution To Music
*1980 – Best Rock Instrumental Performance for "Reggatta de Blanc"
*1981 – Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal for "
Don't Stand So Close to Me"
*1981 – Best Rock Instrumental Performance for "
Behind My Camel"
*1983 – Song of the Year for "
Every Breath You Take" (awarded to Sting)
*1983 – Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal for "
Every Breath You Take"
*1983 – Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal for "
Synchronicity II" Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
* The Police were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on March 10, 2003 [ [http://www.rockhall.com/inductees/inductee-list/] ]
Best selling music artists
* [http://www.thepolice.com/ The Police] - official website
* [http://www.policefans.org/Police_wiki/ PoliceWiki]
* [http://listing.free.fr/ LiSting] - fans community website
* [http://policetour.com PoliceTour] - fan blog
* [http://www.unratedmagazine.com/Movies/2006/ThePolice_EveryoneStares.cfm UnRated Magazine Review of The Police - Everyone Stares: The Police Inside Out]
* [http://www.jambase.com/headsup.asp?storyID=9947 http://www.jambase.com/] - Stewart Copeland Interview
* [http://stewartcopeland.societeg.com/ Stewart Copeland Inside Out - Fan site dedicated to Stewart Copeland]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
The Police — The Police … Википедия
The Police — en 2007 … Wikipedia Español
The Police — Logo … Deutsch Wikipedia
The Police — Certifiable: Live In Buenos Aires est le second album live du groupe anglais The Police. Il a été enregistré en décembre 2007 au River Plate Stadium à Buenos Aires et est sorti en novembre 2008. L album a un certain nombre de versions : une… … Wikipédia en Français
The Police Around the World Tour — The Police: Around The World Tour Gira de The Police Álbum(es) Reggata de Blanc, Zenyatta Mondatta Fecha de inicio febrero de 1980 Fecha de final enero de 1981 … Wikipedia Español
The police (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Musique The Police : groupe de pop rock britannique fondé en 1977 Télévision The Police : téléfilm américain réalisé par Fielder Cook en 1971… … Wikipédia en Français
The Police Reunion Tour — infobox concert tour concert tour name = The Police Reunion Tour artist = The Police start date = May 28 2007 end date = August 7, 2008 number of legs = 10 | number of shows = 152 last tour = A Conspiracy of Hope Tour (1986) this tour = Reunion… … Wikipedia
The Police Tapes — Infobox Television Film bgcolour = name = The Police Tapes caption = format = Documentary runtime = 90 min. creator = Alan and Susan Raymond director = producer = writer = music = starring = country = United States language = English network =… … Wikipedia
The Very Best of Sting & The Police — Infobox Album Name = The Very Best of Sting The Police Type = compilation Artist = Sting The Police Released = November 1997 Genre = Rock Label = A M Length = 62:38 78:24 (2002 Re release) Producer = Hugh Padgham Sean Puffy Combs Reviews =… … Wikipedia
The Police (album) — Infobox Album Name = The Police Type = compilation Artist = The Police Released = June 5, 2007 Recorded = February 1977 February 1983 Genre = New Wave, Punk, Rock Length = 118:48 Label = A M Producer = Reviews = *Allmusic rating|4.5|5 [http://www … Wikipedia