Bladud or Blaiddyd was a mythical king of the Britons, for whose existence there is little historical evidence. He was first mentioned by
Geoffrey of Monmouth, who described him as the son of King Rud Hud Hudibras or Rhun Paladr-fras, and the tenth ruler in line from the first King, Brutus. This idea may have been based on a misinterpreted scrap of Welsh genealogy.
The tale of Bladud was later embellished by other authors. In its final form Bladud was sent by his father to be educated in the liberal arts at
Athens. After his father's death he returned, with four philosophers, and founded a universityat Stamford in Lincolnshire, which flourished until it was suppressed by St Augustine on account of heresies which were taught there.
Supposedly he ruled for twenty years from 863 BC or perhaps 500 BC, in which time he built Kaerbadum or Caervaddon (Bath), creating the hot springs there by the use of magic. He dedicated the city to the goddess
Athenaor Minerva, and in honour of her lit undying fires, whose flames turned to balls of stone as they grew low, with new ones springing up in their stead. He is said to have founded the city because while he was at Athens he contracted leprosy, and when he returned home he was imprisoned as a result, but escaped and went far off to go into hiding. He found employment as a swineherd at Swainswick, about two miles from the later site of Bath, and noticed that his pigs would go into an alder-moor in cold weather and return covered in black mud. He found that the mud was warm, and that they did it to enjoy the heat. He also noticed that the pigs which did this did not suffer from skin diseases as others did, and on trying the mud bath himself found that he was cured of his leprosy. He was then restored to his position as heir-apparent to his father, and founded Bath so that others might also benefit as he had done.
The tale claims that he also encouraged the practice of
necromancy, or divination through the spirits of the dead. Through this practice, he is said to have constructed wings for himself and to have tried to fly to (or from) the temple of Apolloin Trinovantum ( London) or Troja Nova (New Troy), but to have been killed when he hit a wall, or to have fallen and been dashed to pieces or broken his neck. He was supposedly buried at New Troy and succeeded by his son, Leir. Eighteenth century Bath architect John Wood, the Elderwrote about Bladud, and put forth the fanciful suggestion that he should be identified with Abaris the Hyperborean, the healer known from Classical Greek sources. [MacKillop, "Dictionary of Celtic Mythology", p. 43.]
Moyra Caldecott, "The Winged Man" is a fictional account of the life of Bladud.
*John Clark, Bladud of Bath: The archaeology of a legend, "Folklore" vol. 105 (1994), 39-50.
*Howard C Levis FSA, "Bladud of Bath: the British King who tried to fly", West Country Editions: Bath (1973).
*MacKillop, James (1998). "Dictionary of Celtic Mythology". Oxford. ISBN 0-19-860967-1.
*Jean Manco, [http://www.buildinghistory.org/bath/medieval/bladud.htm The mystery of Bladud] , part of Bath Past.
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