- Pavlov's House
Pavlov's House ( _ru. дом Павлова—"dom Pavlova") became the name of a fortified
apartmentbuilding during the Battle of Stalingradin 1942– 1943. It gained its popular name from Sergeant Yakov Pavlov, who commanded the platoonthat seized the building and defended it throughout the long vicious battle.
The house was a four-story building in the city centre of Stalingrad, built parallel to the embankment of the river
Volgaand overseeing the "9th January Square", a large square named for Bloody Sunday (1905). The house was attacked by the German invaders in September 1942. A platoon of the 13th Guards Divisionwas ordered to seize and defend it. The platoon was commanded by Yakov Pavlov, a junior commander replacing his wounded superior. They were successful, although only four men survived the combat. Together they went on defending the building on their own. After several days, reinforcements finally arrived, equipping the defenders with machine-guns, anti-tank rifles and mortars. The men, now a garrisonof twenty-five, surrounded the building with barbed wire and minefields, and established anti-tank and machine-gun posts at the windows. For better internal communications and supplies they breached the walls in the basement and upper floors, and dug a communications trench to Soviet positions outside. Supplies were brought in via the trench or by boats crossing the river, defying German air raids and shelling.
Nevertheless food and especially water was in short supply. Lacking beds, the soldiers tried to sleep on insulation wool torn off pipes, yet usually the Germans kept shooting at the house with deafening machine-gun fire day and night. The Germans attacked the building several times a day. Each time German infantry or tanks tried to cross the square and to close in on the house, Pavlov's men put them under heavy fire from within the basement, from the windows and from the roof top. Leaving behind a square covered with corpses and steel, the Germans had to retreat again.
Eventually the defenders, as well as the Russian
civilians who kept living in the basement all that time, held out during intensive fighting from 23 Septemberuntil 25 November 1942, when they were relieved by the counter-attacking Soviet forces.
Pavlov's House became a symbol of the stubborn resistance of the Soviet Union in the
Battle of Stalingrad, and in the Great Patriotic Warin general. It stands out prominently because the German armies had previously conquered cities and entire countries within weeks; yet they were unable to capture a single half-ruined house, defended most of the time by just over a dozen soldiers, in spite of trying for two months. It is reported that the building at the "9th January Square" was marked as a fortressin German maps.
Chuikov, the defender of Stalingrad, was later heard to comment that Pavlov's men killed more Germans than were lost in the "Battle" for Paris.
Pavlov's "House" was rebuilt after the battle and is still used as an apartment building today. There is an attached memorial constructed from bricks picked up after the battle on the East side facing the
Pavlov was awarded the title
Hero of the Soviet Unionfor his actions.
*In the computer game "
Call of Duty" there is a level in which the player, as a conscripted Russian peasant, must participate in capturing and defending this structure from multiple waves of German soldiers and armor until Soviet reinforcements arrive. Your squad leader in this mission is named Sgt. Pavlov, most likely based on the real-life Yakov Pavlov. There is also a multiplayer map of Pavlov's House (mp_pavlov).
*In early versions of the "Red Orchestra" modification for the game "
Unreal Tournament 2004" there was a level that recreated the fighting between the Soviet and German forces for the control of the building.
*In Forgotten Hope, a Battlefield 1942 modification, there is a level where Soviet and German forces fought for control of the building.
* "Pavlov's House" is a structure in the first mission of , with it starting in German control. However, this is in a battle that takes place in the Ukraine during Operation Barbarossa, and does not represent the actual Pavlov's House (the game also has other structures and scenery played for laughs, like crop circles on a field).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pavlov (Kladno District) — Geobox | Settlement name = Pavlov other name = other name1 = category = Village image caption = image caption = symbol = Pavlov KL CZ CoA.jpg etymology = official name = motto = nickname = country = Czech Republic country state = region = Central … Wikipedia
House of Karađorđević — Royal house surname = House of Karađorđević estate = of Serbia and Yugoslavia coat of arms = country = Serbia, Yugoslavia parent house = titles = Prince (Кнез/Knez), King (Краљ/Kralj) founder = Karađorđe Petrović final ruler = Peter II of… … Wikipedia
Yakov Pavlov — Not to be confused with Ivan Dmitriyevich Pavlov, another veteran of Stalingrad, and now a revered elder in the Russian Orthodox Church.Infobox Military Person name= Yakov Fedotovich Pavlov lived= death date and age|1981|09|29|1917|10|4… … Wikipedia
Dmitri Pavlov (composer) — Dmitri Aleksandrovich Pavlov is a Russian composer. He was born in St Petersburg in 1959, and graduated from St. Petersburg Conservatoire in 1982 class Theory and Composition. Acclaimed for his work as a film composer and perhaps best known for… … Wikipedia
Ivan Pavlov — For other uses, see Pavlov (disambiguation). Infobox Scientist name = Ivan Petrovich Pavlov Иван Петрович Павлов image width = 150px caption = Nobel Prize portrait birth date = birth date|1849|9|14|mf=y birth place = Ryazan, Russia death date =… … Wikipedia
Cyril Pavlov — Kirill Pavlov redirects here. For Russian footballer, see Kirill Aleksandrovich Pavlov. Cyril Pavlov, elder Cyril, Kirill Pavlov, elder Kyrill (in Russian: Кирилл Павлов), in life: Ivan Dmitrievich Pavlov (born 1919, Kasimov, Ryazanskaya oblast,… … Wikipedia
State House elections in Michigan, 2008 — Elections in Michigan Federal government Presidential Elections … Wikipedia
Mikhail Pavlov (politician) — Mikhail Pavlov Yakovlevich Михаил Павлов Яковлевич Mayor of Minsk Incumbent Assumed office March 28, 2000 Personal details Born September 1, 1952 (1952 09 01) … Wikipedia
Battle of Stalingrad — Coordinates: 48°42′N 44°31′E / 48.7°N 44.517°E / 48.7; 44.517 … Wikipedia
Characters in Call of Duty — In the first person shooter series, Call of Duty , the player is able to take control of a wide variety of characters including Sgt. Paul Jackson, [Sgt. John Soap McTavish, and Lieutenant Price in the most recent release of the game. Also, many… … Wikipedia