- Frank Gehry
name = Frank Owen Gehry
CC LLD ("hc") PhD ("hc") DEng ("hc") DArch ("hc") DA (CIA, "hc") DA (RISD, "hc") DA (OAI, "hc")
nationality = Canadian, American
birth_date = birth date and age|mf=yes|1929|2|28
birth_place = Toronto,
Santa Monica, California
practice_name = Gehry Partners, LLP
significant_buildings = Guggenheim Museum,
Walt Disney Concert Hall, Gehry Residence, Weisman Art Museum, Dancing House
AIA Gold Medal National Medal of Arts Order of Canada Pritzker Prize|
Frank Owen Gehry CC (born Ephraim Owen Goldberg,
February 28, 1929) is a Pritzker Prize-winning architectbased in Los Angeles.
His buildings, including his private residence, have become
tourist attractions. Many museums, companies, and citiesseek Gehry's services as a badge of distinction, beyond the product he delivers.
His best-known works include the titanium-covered Guggenheim Museum in
Bilbao, Spain, Walt Disney Concert Hallin downtown Los Angeles, Experience Music Projectin Seattle, Weisman Art Museumin Minneapolis, Dancing Housein Prague, Czech Republic, and his private residence in Santa Monica, California, which jump-started his career, lifting it from the status of "paper architecture," a phenomenon that many famous architects have experienced in their formative decades through experimentation almost exclusively on paper before receiving their first major commission in later years.
Gehry was born into a
Jewishfamily in Toronto, Ontario. A creative child, he was encouraged by his grandmother, Caplan, with whom he would build little cities out of scraps of wood. [cite news | author=Karen Templer | title=Frank Gehry | url=http://www.salon.com/people/bc/1999/10/05/gehry/index.html | work=Salon | date=1999-12-05 | accessdate=2007-08-25]
In 1947 Gehry moved to
California, got a job driving a delivery truck, and studied at Los Angeles City College, eventually to graduate from the University of Southern California's School of Architecture.
After graduation from USC in 1954, he spent time away from the field of architecture in numerous other jobs, including service in the
United States Army. He studied city planningat the Harvard Graduate School of Designfor a year, leaving before completing the program.
Still known as Frank Goldberg, he married Anita Snyder, who he claims was the one who told him to change his name, which he did, to Frank Gehry. Having divorced Snyder in the mid-1960s, he married Berta, his current wife, in the mid-1970s. He has two daughters from his first marriage, and two sons from his second marriage.
Having grown up in Canada, Gehry is a huge fan of hockey. He began a hockey league in his office, though he no longer plays with them. In 2004, he designed the trophy for the
World Cup of Hockey.
He saw the
psychoanalyst Milton Wexlerand allowed Wexler to give comments to the press about him. (Wexler died in 2007.)
The warped forms of Frank Gehry's structures are classified sometimes as being of the
deconstructivist, or "DeCon" school of postmodernistarchitecture, whether or not he consciously holds such inclinations. Gehry himself disavows any association with the movement and claims no formal alliance to any particular architectural movement.
The DeCon movement stems from a series of discussions between French philosopher
Jacques Derridaand architect Peter Eisenmanin which they question the utility of commonly-accepted notions of structure alone in being able to define and communicate a meaning or truth about a creator's intended definition (a definition of space in architecture, for example), and counterposes our preconceived notions of structure with its undoing; the deconstruction of that very same preconception of space and structure. It is in this criticism or deconstruction of a given construct, in this case, a structure, that architecture finds its justification or its "place of presence."
In that sense, DeCon is often referred to as
post-structuralistin nature for its ability to go beyond current modalities of structural definition. In architecture, its application tends to depart from modernismin its inherent criticism of culturally inherited givens such as societal goals and functional necessity. Because of this, unlike early modernist structures, DeCon structures are not required to reflect specific social or universal ideas, such as speed or universality of form, and they do not reflect a belief that form follows function. Gehry's own Santa Monica residence is a commonly cited example of deconstructivist architecture, as it was so drastically divorced from its original context, and, in such a manner, as to subvert its original spatial intention.
Gehry is sometimes associated with what is known as the "Los Angeles School," or the "Santa Monica School" of architecture. Theappropriateness of this designation and the existence of such a school, however, remains controversial due to the lack of a unifyingphilosophy or theory. This designation stems from the Los Angeles area's producing a group of the mostinfluential postmodern architects, including such notable Gehry contemporaries as
Eric Owen Mossand Pritzker Prize-winner Thom Mayneof Morphosis, as well as the famous schools of architecture at the Southern California Institute of Architecture(co-founded by Thom Mayne), UCLA, and the USC.
Gehry's work has its detractors. Among the criticisms: [ [http://www.berkshirefinearts.com/?page=article&article_id=458&catID=26 Berkshire Fine Arts - MIT Sues Architect Frank Gehry Over Flaws at Stata Center ] ] [ [http://sympathetic-compass.blogspot.com/2008/05/frank-gehrys-new-miss-brooklyn-b1.html Frank Gehry's new Miss Brooklyn - B1] ]
* The buildings waste structural resources by creating functionless forms
* The buildings are apparently designed without researching the local climate
* The spectacle of a building often overwhelms its intended use (especially in the case of museums and arenas)
* The buildings do not seem to belong in their surroundings "organically"
Seattle's EMP Museum represents an example of this phenomenon.
Microsoft's Paul Allenchose Gehry as the architect of the urban structureto house his public collection of music historyartifacts. While the result is undeniably unique, critical reaction came in the form of withering attacks. The bizarre color choices, the total disregard for architectural harmony with built and natural surroundings, and the mammoth scale led to accusations that Gehry had simply "got it wrong." Admirers of the building remind critics that similar attacks were leveled against the Eiffel Towerin the late 19th century, and that only historical perspective would allow a fair evaluation of the building's merits. However, practical criticisms have continued.
Gehry's works have also raised concerns about possible environmental hazards. According to the "
Los Angeles Times", Disney Hall in downtown Los Angeles has "roasted the sidewalk to" convert|140|°F|°C "enough to melt plastic and cause serious sunburn to people standing on the street." Later computer modeling of the structure revealed that several surfaces were acting as parabolic mirrors, concentrating sunlight and heat into small areas on the pavement. The city paid for the offending panels to be sanded in order to reduce the glare. Gehry, commenting on the incident at a fundraiser, remarked:
CNN, Case Western Reserve University "takes precautions with Gehry's sloping roof" on its Weatherhead School of Management building:
Gehry's projects have also been criticized for ballooning budgets. The Gehry-designed building for Weatherhead School of Management at
Case Western Reserve Universitywas originally planned to cost $25 million, then was raised to $40 million after Gehry was hired. The cost of the building eventually went up to more than $60 million. Kim Cameron, a former dean of the business school, quoted in an article in " The Chronicle of Higher Education", said the complexity of the project led to rising construction costs. "Everyone expected people to line up to build a Frank Gehry building," Mr. Cameron said. "Instead, we got comments like the one we got from a steel contractor, who said, 'Look, we can build a bunch of square boxes and earn the same $20-million that it will cost to build your building. But we can do those in six months, and it will take two years to do your building.'" [cite news | author=Carlson, Scott | title="Dazzling Designs, at a Price" | url=http://chronicle.com/free/v47/i20/20a02901.htm | publisher="The Chronicle of Higher Education" | date=2001-01-26 | accessdate=2007-11-26]
Recent criticism of Gehry suggests he is repeating himself. Critics claim the use of disjointed metal panoply (often titanium) that has become Gehry's trademark is overused, and that almost all of his recent work seems derivative of his landmark Bilbao Guggenheim. Defenders respond that these criticisms ignore the subtleties that have emerged as his style has progressed. Although many of his buildings have maintained the vocabulary of rolling metallic forms, they argue, specific forms have never been repeated, and that within this motif is incredible variety and innovation. Some say Gehry would find it difficult not to rehash Bilbao or Disney even if he wanted not to, because his "signature style" is so widely recognized that potential clients approach him expecting it. Gehry's defenders respond that this ignores the unprecedented amount of power Gehry holds in negotiations with clients, and the artistic integrity he must possess in order to achieve what he has. They argue that the similarities in his latest masterpieces are more akin to an artist fleshing out the frontier of a stylistic universe than a hack stamping out product for demanding clients.
Another criticism extends from the notion that Gehry's buildings ignore good
urban designpractice by turning their back on pedestrians (citing stark, limestone streetwalls of Disney Hall), and do not adequately respond to their physical context. It is interesting to note that Gehry is currently developing the urban design for a neighborhood in Downtown Los Angeles, under the working title Grand Avenue Project. Given the criticism he has faced regarding his lack of consideration for good urban design, it remains to be seen how he will approach this design, and how it will interact with the Disney Hall.
In academia, one of Gehry's most consistent critics is Hal Foster, an
art criticwho has taught art and art historyat Princeton Universityand Cornell University.Foster feels that much of Gehry's acclaim has been the result of attention and spectacle surrounding the buildings, rather than from an objective view.Fact|date=September 2007
In November, 2007,
MITsued Gehry, citing negligent design in the $300M Stata Center. [ [http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2007/11/06/mit_sues_gehry_citing_leaks_in_300m_complex/ MIT sues Gehry, citing leaks in $300m complex] ]
Other notable aspects of career
Gehry is a
Distinguished Professorof Architecture at Columbia Universityand also teaches at Yale University.
Gehry has gained a reputation for taking the budgets of his clients seriously. Complex and innovative designs like Gehry's typically go over budget.
Sydney Opera House, which has been compared with the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao in terms of architectural innovation, had a cost overrunof 1,400 percent. It was therefore duly noted when the Guggenheim Bilbao was constructed on time and budget. In an interview in Harvard Design Magazine [Bent Flyvbjerg [http://flyvbjerg.plan.aau.dk/HARVARDDESIGN63PRINT.pdf Design by Deception: The Politics of Megaproject Approval.] Harvard Design Magazine, no. 22, Spring/Summer 2005, pp. 50-59.] Gehry explained how he did it. First, he ensured that what he calls the " organization of the artist" prevailed during construction, in order to prevent political and business interests from interfering with the design. Second, he made sure he had a detailed and realistic cost estimate before proceeding. Third, he used CATIA(Computer-Aided Three-dimensional Interactive Application) and close collaboration with the individual building trades to control costs during construction.
Gehry is considered a modern architectural icon and celebrity, a major "Starchitect" — a
neologismdescribing the phenomenon of architects attaining a sort of celebrity status. The term usually refers to architects known for dramatic, influential designs that often achieve fame and notoriety through their spectacular effect. Other notable celebrity architects include Zaha Hadid, Thom Mayne, Michael Graves, Rem Koolhaas, and Norman Foster, all of whose works tend toward the edgy and subversive. Gehry came to the attention of the public in 1972 with his " Easy Edges" cardboard furniture. He has appeared in Apple's black and white "Think Different" pictorial ad campaign that associates offbeat but revered figures with Apple's design philosophy. He even once appeared as himself in " The Simpsons" in the episode " The Seven-Beer Snitch," where he parodiedhimself by intimating that his ideas are derived by looking at a crumpled paper ball. He also voiced himself on the TV show "Arthur", where he helped Arthur and his friends design a new treehouse. Steve Sample, President of the University of Southern California, told Gehry that, "...After George Lucas, you are our most prominent graduate."
In 2005, veteran
film director Sydney Pollack, a friend of Gehry's, made the documentary " Sketches of Frank Gehry" with appreciative comments by Philip Johnson, Ed Ruscha, Julian Schnabel, and Dennis Hopper, and critical ones by Hal Foster supplementing dialogue between Gehry and Pollack about their work in two collaborative art forms with considerable commercial constraints and photography of some buildings Gehry designed. It was released on DVD by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment on August 22, 2006, together with an interview of Sydney Pollack by fellow director Alexander Payne and some audience questions following the premiere of the film.
Ronald DavisStudio/Residence, Malibu, CA, 1971-2
Easy Edgesfurniture series 1972.
Exhibit Center, Merriweather Post Pavilion, and Rouse CompanyHeadquarters, Columbia, Maryland, USA (1974)
Baltimore, Maryland, USA (1977)
Gehry Residence, 1978
Loyola Law School, Los Angeles, California, USA (various buildings, 1978-2002) [http://www.lls.edu/about/tour-architecture.html]
Santa Monica Place, Santa Monica, California, USA (1980)
California Aerospace Museum, Los Angeles, California, USA (1982-1984)
Edgemar Retail Complex, Santa Monica, California, USA (1984)
Frances Howard Goldwyn Hollywood Regional Library, Hollywood, California, USA (1985)
Chiat/Day Building, Venice, California, USA (1985-1991)
Vitra Design Museum, Vitra premises, Weil am Rhein, Germany (1989)
Frederick Weisman Museum of Art, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA (1993) [http://www.weisman.umn.edu/architecture/arch.html]
* Iowa Advanced Technology Laboratories,
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA (1987-1992) [http://www.cgrer.uiowa.edu/iatl.html]
Disney Village, Disneyland Resort Paris, Paris, France (1992)
*Center for the Visual Arts,
University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio, USA (1993) [http://www.cva.utoledo.edu/Facility.html]
*American Center, Paris, France (1994) [http://www.galinsky.com/buildings/americancenter/] (currently
*Siedlung Goldstein, Frankfurt am Main, Germany (1994) 162 Flats public building society. [http://thomasmayerarchive.de/categories.php?cat_id=308&l=english]
*Energie Forum Innovation, Bad Oeynhausen, Germany 1995 http://www.energie-forum.de/
Dancing House" ("Fred and Ginger"), Prague, Czech Republic (1995) [http://alatan.nsys.by/images/products/Prague_dancing%20house.jpgPhoto 1] , [http://www.admea.it/images/praha/Praha_dancing_house.jpgPhoto 2] , [http://ruthless.zathras.de/person/blog/graphik/2004_02_21/Tancici_Dum.jpgPhoto 3]
*Anaheim ICE (formerly Disney ICE),
Team Disney Anaheim, Anaheim, California(1995) [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9907EFD6163CF932A25751C1A9659C8B63]
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain (1997)
*"Der Neue Zollhof",
Düsseldorf, Germany (1999) [http://www.arcspace.com/architects/gehry/zolhoff/]
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA (1999) [http://vontz.uc.edu/]
* [http://www.arcspace.com/architects/gehry/conde_nast/ Condé Nast Cafeteria] , fourth floor of the Condé Nast Publishing Headquarters at Four Times Square in New York City, USA (2000)
DZ Bank building, Pariser Platz 3, Berlin, Germany (2000)
Experience Music Project, Seattle, Washington, USA (2000)
Gehry Tower, Hanover, Germany (2001)
Issey Miyake, Flagship Store, New York, New York, USA (2001)
*Peter B. Lewis Building,
Weatherhead School of Management, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA (2002) [http://weatherhead.cwru.edu/lewis/] [http://www.galinsky.com/buildings/peterblewis/]
Richard B. Fisher Center for the Performing Arts, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York, USA (2003) [http://fishercenter.bard.edu/about/] [http://archrecord.construction.com/projects/portfolio/archives/0307bard.asp]
Ninewells Hospital, Dundee, Scotland (2003) [http://www.maggiescentres.org/maggies/mag_centres.jsp?pContentID=420&p_applic=CCC&p_service=Content.show&]
Walt Disney Concert Hall, Los Angeles, California, USA (2003)
*Ray and Maria
Stata Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S. (2004) [http://web.mit.edu/buildings/statacenter/]
Millennium Park, Chicago, Illinois, USA (2004) [http://www.chicagoarchitecture.info/ShowBuilding.php?ID=250]
Herford, Germany (2005) http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/MARTa_Herford
IAC/InterActiveCorpWest Coast Headquarters, Sunset Strip, West Hollywood, California, USA (2005)
*The house currently owned by
Brian Transeau, Los Angeles, California, USA
* [http://www.starwoodhotels.com/luxury/property/overview/index.html?propertyID=1539 Marqués de Riscal] ,
Elciego( Rioja (wine)region), Spain (2006). [http://www.starwoodhotels.com/luxury/property/overview/index.html?propertyID=1539]
IAC/InterActiveCorp Headquarters, in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, USA, (2007) [cite news | author=Nicolai Ouroussoff | title=Gehry’s New York Debut: Subdued Tower of Light | url=http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/22/arts/design/22dill.html?hp | work=New York Times | date=2007-03-22 | accessdate=2007-08-25] [cite web | author= | title=Under Construction: Gehry & Partners IAC/InterActiveCorp Headquarters | url=http://www.arcspace.com/architects/gehry/iac/iac.html | publisher=Arcspace | date= | accessdate=2007-08-25]
*A stage for
Mariza's show, at Walt Disney Concert Hall, USA (2007) [cite news | author=Variety.com | title=Mariza and Frank Gehry Open A Tavern In Disney Concert Hall | url=http://weblogs.variety.com/thesetlist/2007/10/mariza-opens-a-.html | work=The Set List| date=2007-10-24 | accessdate=2008-04-20]
Weatherhead School of Management, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
Works in progress
* [http://www.pasadenaplayhouse.org/current_shows_and_events.htm#Carrie%20Hamilton%20Theatre The Carrie Hamilton Theatre] at the
Pasadena Playhouse, in Pasadena, California
Atlantic Yards, New York City [ [http://sympathetic-compass.blogspot.com/2008/05/frank-gehrys-new-miss-brooklyn-b1.html A Critique of the Atlantic Yards Architecture] ]
*Performing arts complex at the
World Trade Center site, New York City
Beekman Tower, New York City [http://www.lowermanhattan.info/news/gehrys_beekman_tower_ready_25262.aspx]
Grand Avenue Project, Los Angeles, California
Art Gallery of Ontariorenovation, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (2004)
*Museum of Tolerance,
Jerusalem, Israel(expected completion in 2008) [http://www.europaconcorsi.com/db/pub/scheda.php?id=1994]
*Lewis Science Library,
*Ohr-O'Keefe Museum, Biloxi,
Mississippi, U.S. (open 2005; all buildings expected to be complete by 2007) [http://www.georgeohr.org/newmuseum.htm]
Panama City, Panama
Guggenheim Abu Dhabi(GAD), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates(expected completion in 2011).
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia Pennsylvania (Announced October 19 2006)
Louis Vuitton Foundation for Creation, Paris, France (Announced October 2006) [http://arts.guardian.co.uk/news/story/0,,1886195,00.html]
Untitled Five Star Hotel & Event Center("The Point") Lehi, Utah(Announced January 19 2007) [http://www.sltrib.com/news/ci_5051131]
Le Clos Jordan Winery, Lincoln, Ontario, Canada
Luxury Hotel, apartments and Offices, Sønderborg, Denmark
*Frank Gehry Visitor Center at Hall Napa Valley,
Saint Helena, California Napa(Announced July 1 2007) [http://www.hallwines.com/site/gehry-project] [http://wineabout.pressdemocrat.com/default.asp?item=636870]
*King Alfred Development
Hove(Permission granted March 2007) [http://www.brighton-hove.gov.uk]
Suna Kıraç Cultural Center, Istanbul, Turkey[http://wowturkey.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=570349] (It will start in newyear)
*Cultural Center, Lodz, Poland. [http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showpost.php?p=16089423&postcount=110]
*New World Symphony campus,
Miami Beach, Florida(expected completion in 2010) [http://www.nws.edu/NewCampus/]
*Temporary Pavilion for the
Serpentine Gallery(Summer 2008).
*Le Parc des Ateliers SNCF - Arles-France
* On December 6, 2006, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver inducted Frank Gehry into the
California Hall of Famelocated at The California Museum for History, Women, and the Arts.
* On November 3, 2004, Gehry was awarded the prestigious Woodrow Wilson Award for public service by the
Woodrow Wilson Centerof the Smithsonian Institution in New York City.
California Institute of the Arts(Valencia, California, USA—1987)
Rhode Island School of Design(Providence, Rhode Island, USA—1987)
Technical University of Nova Scotia(Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada—1989)
*Fine Arts; Otis Arts Institute (Los Angeles, California, USA—1989)
Occidental College(Los Angeles, California, USA—1993)
Whittier College( Whittier, California, USA—1995)
*Architecture; Southern California Institute of Architecture (Los Angeles, California, USA—1997)
University of Toronto(Toronto, Ontario, Canada—1998)
University of Edinburgh(Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom—2000)
*University of Southern California (Los Angeles, California, USA —2000)
Yale University(New Haven, Connecticut, USA—2000)
Harvard University(Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA—2000)
City College of New York(New York, New York, USA—2002)
*The School of The
Art Institute of Chicago(Chicago, Illinois, USA—2004)
Organization of the artist
* "Sketches of Frank Gehry" - Documentary
* "Frank Gehry Architect" - Guggenheim Publications 2001
El Croquis74/75 1995
* Architects Today - Laurence King Publishers
* Dal Co, Francesco and Forster, Kurt. W. "Frank O. Gehry: The Complete Works." Published in the United States of America in 1998 by The Monacelli Press, Inc. Copyright 1998 by The Monacelli Press, Inc.
* [http://sympathetic-compass.blogspot.com/2008/05/frank-gehrys-new-miss-brooklyn-b1.html Critique of Gehry's "Building B1" in Brooklyn's Atlantic Yards]
* [http://figure-ground.com/travel/image.php?gehry_residence Photographs of exterior of Gehry Residence]
* [http://www.arounder.eu Tolomeus] , QTVR MARTa by Tolomeus
* [http://www.gehrypartners.com Gehry Partners, LLP] , Gehry's architecture firm
* [http://www.gehrytechnologies.com Gehry Technologies, Inc.] , Gehry's technology firm
* [http://www.virtualbuildteam.com Virtual Build Team, LLC] , the small BIM services company who first introduced Gehry's practice to digital design and the practical application of CATIA to challenging modern architecture
* [http://www.thomasmayerarchive.de/categories.php?cat_id=291&l=english Photo archive with many images of Gehry's buildings and portraits]
* [http://www.pritzkerprize.com/gehry.htm Pritzker Prize page on Gehry]
* [http://www.biomuseopanama.org Panama: Bridge of Life Museum of Biodiversity]
* [http://you-are-here.com/architect/gehry.html Frank Gehry in Los Angeles (Photos)]
* [http://storiesofhouses.blogspot.com/#113891045761846819 Franck Gehry's House in California] (with drawings)
* [http://www.arcspace.com/gehry_new/index.html?main=/gehry_new/html/slides.htm Frank O. Gehry slide library: large number of buildings and models]
* [http://www.sbse.org/awards/docs/2005/1187.pdf Microclimatic Impact: Glare around the Walt Disney Concert Hall]
* [http://www.sonyclassics.com/sketchesoffrankgehry/ Documentary: Sketches of Frank Gehry]
* [http://www.slate.com/id/2143634 Brooklyn's Trojan Horse: What's wrong with the buildings Frank Gehry wants to put in my neighborhood?]
* [http://flyvbjerg.plan.aau.dk/HARVARDDESIGN63PRINT.pdf Gehry on how to build on time and budget]
* [http://www.pixelmap.com/dma_gehry.html Photographs of Gehry's work including early projects]
* [http://www.dvdtalk.com/reviews/read.php?ID=23372 DVD Talk's Review of Sketches of Frank Gehry]
* [http://www.travelandleisure.com/articles/vintage-gehry Vintage Gehry : Hotel Marqués de Riscal] (with slideshow)
* [http://www.opinionjournal.com/editorial/feature.html?id=110009430 A relatively dark conversation with Frank Gehry] by
* [http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=8650915086454055077&q=tvshow%3ACharlie_Rose+Frank+Gehry One hour interview with Charlie Rose at Google Video (July 13, 2001 )]
* [http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/061022/30gehry.htm Frank Gehry: America's Best Leaders]
* [http://www.architectour.net/architetti/scheda_arc.php?id_arc=5&language=1 Frank O. Gehry | architectour.net]
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Frank Gehry — en 2006 Présentation Nom de naissance Frank Owen Gehry Naissance 28 février 1929 … Wikipédia en Français
Frank Gehry — Frank Gehry, 2006 Frank Owen Gehry, CC [fɹæŋk ˈoʊən ˈɡɛəɹi] (* 28. Februar 1929 in Toronto, Ontario; eigentlich Ephraim Goldberg) ist ein kanadisch US amerikanischer Architekt … Deutsch Wikipedia
Frank Gehry — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Frank Gehry Frank Gehry sentado en el sillón de cartón diseñado por él mismo. Información personal Nombre Frank Owen Gehry Nacimiento … Wikipedia Español
Frank Gehry — (28 de febrero de 1929) es un arquitecto norteamericano de origen canadiense. Nació con el nombre completo de Frank Owen Gehry en Toronto, Canadá, pero adoptó más tarde la nacionalidad norteamericana. Se graduó en 1954 de sus estudios de… … Enciclopedia Universal
Esquisses de Frank Gehry — (Sketches of Frank Gehry) est un documentaire germano américain réalisé par Sydney Pollack, sorti en 2006. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche technique 3 Distribution 4 … Wikipédia en Français
Sketches of Frank Gehry — Infobox Film name = Sketches of Frank Gehry caption = Promotional movie poster for the film director = Sydney Pollack producer = writer = narrator = starring = music = cinematography = editing = distributor = released = 2005 runtime = 86 country … Wikipedia
Apuntes de Frank Gehry — Sketches of Frank Gehry Título Apuntes de Frank Gehry Ficha técnica Dirección Sydney Pollack Producción Ultan Guilfoyle … Wikipedia Español
Frank O. Gehry — Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Naissance 28 février 1929 Toronto Canada Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français
Frank Owen Gehry — Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Naissance 28 février 1929 Toronto Canada Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français
Gehry — Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Naissance 28 février 1929 Toronto Canada Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français