Pope Caius


Pope Caius

Infobox Pope
English name=Saint Caius

the_albanian_pope_Caius
birth_name=Caius or Gaius
term_start=December 17, 283
term_end=April 22, 296
predecessor=Eutychian
successor=Marcellinus
birth_date=???
birthplace=???
dead=dead|death_date=April 22, 296
deathplace=???|
infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Caius
dipstyle=His Holiness
offstyle=Your Holiness
relstyle=Holy Father
deathstyle=Saint|

Pope Saint Caius or Gaius was Pope from December 17, 283 to April 22, 296. Christian tradition makes him a native of the Dalmatian city of Salona, today "Solin" near Split, the son of a man also named Caius, and a member of a noble family related to the Emperor Diocletian. [ [http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/50400 San Caio ] ]

Little information on Caius is available except that given by the "Liber Pontificalis", which relies on a legendary account of the martyrdom of St. Susanna for its information. According to legend, Caius baptized the men and women who had been converted by Saint Tiburtius (who is venerated with St. Susanna) and Saint Castulus. [ [http://www.aciprensa.com/santos/santo.php?id=94 ACI Prensa - Santos ] ] His legend states that Caius took refuge in the catacombs of Rome and died a martyr. [ [http://www.cfpeople.org/Books/Pope/popep28.htm St. Caius ] ]

House of Caius

About 280, an early Christian house of worship was established on the site of Santa Susanna, which, like many of the earliest Christian meeting places, was in a house ("domus ecclesiae"). The "domus" belonged, according to the sixth-century "acta", to brothers named Caius and Gabinus, prominent Christians. Caius may be this Pope, or Caius the Presbyter. Gabinus is the name given to the father of Saint Susanna. Thus, sources state that Caius was the uncle of Saint Susanna. [ [http://www.santasusanna.org/ourUniqueHistory/popes.html Santa Susanna ] ]

Papacy

During his pontificate, anti-Christian measures increased, although new churches were built and cemeteries were expanded. St Caius may not have been martyred: Diocletian’s persecution of Christians began in 303 AD, after Caius’ alleged death, and Diocletian was not immediately hostile to Christianity upon becoming emperor. [ [http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/50400 San Caio ] ] [ [http://www.cfpeople.org/Books/Pope/popep28.htm St. Caius ] ] As pope, he decreed that before someone could assume the position of bishop, he must first be porter, lector, exorcist, acolyte, subdeacon, deacon, and priest. He also divided the districts of Rome among the deacons. [ [http://www.cfpeople.org/Books/Pope/popep28.htm St. Caius ] ] [ [http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/0422.htm Saint Patrick's Church: Saints of April 22 ] ]

Tomb and burial

Caius is mentioned in the fourth-century "Depositio Episcoporum" (therefore not as a martyr): "X kl maii Caii in Callisti". [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03144c.htm CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Caius and Soter ] ]

St Caius' tomb, with the original epitaph, was discovered in the catacombs of Callixtus and in it the ring with which he used to seal his letters (see Arringhi, Roma subterr., 1. iv. c. xlviii. p. 426). In 1631, his alleged residence in Rome was turned into a church. However, it was demolished in 1880 to make room for the Ministry of War, on the Via XX Settembre, and his relics were transferred to the chapel of the Barberini family. [ [http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/50400 San Caio ] ]

Veneration as a saint

Saint Caius's feast day is on April 22, as is that of Saint Soter. They are celebrated jointly in the Tridentine Calendar and in the successive versions of the General Roman Calendar until that of 1969, since when they are omitted. Both are mentioned under 22 April in the Roman Martyrology, the official list of recognized saints. The entry for Saint Caius is as follows: "At Rome, in the cemetery of Callistus on the Via Appia, the burial of Saint Caius, Pope, who, fleeing from the persecution of Diocletian, died as a confessor of the faith." [Martyrologium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2001 ISBN 88-209-7210-7)]

St Caius is portrayed in art wearing the Papal Tiara with Saint Nereus. He is venerated in Dalmatia and Venice. In Florence, the Church of San Gaggio on the via Senese was dedicated to him. In 2003, plans were put into effect to turn it into residential council housing. [ [http://www.comune.firenze.it/firenzelacittanuova/us/n/ac_opere_all_e.htm Firenze la città nuova - Gallery ] ]

Notes

External links

*
* [http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/01_01_0283-0296-_Caius,_Sanctus.html Opera Omnia by Migne patrologia Latina]
*it icon [http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/50400 San Caio]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caius and Soter, Saints and Popes —     Caius and Soter, Saints and Popes     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Caius and Soter, Saints and Popes     They have their feast together on 22 April, on which day they appear in most of the martyrologies, though Notker and a few others give Soter …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Caius — is an alternate spelling of the Roman name Gaius. It can refer to:People* Caius, Christian writer * Caius Aquillius Tuscus, a Roman Consul * Caius Bruttius Praesens, a Roman Senator * Caius Caeionius Rufius Albinus, a Roman Consul * Caius… …   Wikipedia

  • Caius and Soter, Saints — may refer to:* Pope Caius * Pope Soter …   Wikipedia

  • Pope St. Zephyrinus —     Pope St. Zephyrinus     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Zephyrinus     (Reigned 198 217).     Date of birth unknown; died 20 Dec., 217. After the death of Pope Victor in 198, Zephyrinus was elected his successor and consecrated. The pope… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Caius (3rd Century) —     Caius     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Caius     A Christian author who lived about the beginning of the third century. Little is known about his personal history. Eusebius mentions him several times and tells us (Hist. Eccl., VI, xx) that he… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Caius of Korea — Infobox Martyrs name=Blessed Caius of Korea birth era= 1571 death date=15 November, 1624 martyred by= means of martyrdom=Burnt at the stake feast day=15 November venerated in=Roman Catholic Church birth place= Korea death place=Nagasaki, Japan… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Soter — Infobox Pope English name=Saint Soter birth name=Soter term start=166 term end=174 predecessor=Anicetus successor=Eleuterus birth name=??? birth date=??? birthplace=Fondi, Campania, Italy dead=dead|death date=174 (?) deathplace=Rome, Italy|… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Marcellinus — Infobox Pope English name=Saint Marcellinus birth name=Marcellinus term start=June 30, 296 term end=April 1, 304 ? predecessor=Caius successor=Marcellus I birth date=??? birthplace=??? dead=dead|death date=death date|304|4|1|mf=y ?… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope John Paul II — John Paul II John Paul II in 1993 Papacy began 16 October 1978 Papacy ended 2 April 2005 ( 1000000000000002600000026 years, 1000000 …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Benedict XVI — Benedict XVI Benedict XVI during a general audience in 2010 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.