Pope Marcellinus

Pope Marcellinus

Infobox Pope
English name=Saint Marcellinus

term_start=June 30, 296
term_end=April 1, 304 ?
successor=Marcellus I
dead=dead|death_date=death date|304|4|1|mf=y ?
deathplace=Rome, Italy|
infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Marcellinus
dipstyle=His Holiness
offstyle=Your Holiness
relstyle=Holy Father

Pope Saint Marcellinus, according to the "Liberian Catalogue", became bishop of Rome on June 30, 296; his predecessor was Pope St Caius. He is not mentioned in the "Martyrologium hieronymianum", or in the "Depositio episcoporum", or in the "Depositio martyrus".

St Marcellinus’ pontificate began at a time when Diocletian was Roman Emperor, but had not yet started to persecute the Christians. He left Christianity rather free and so the church’s membership grew. Caesar Galerius led the pagan movement against Christianity and arrived to bring up Diocletian against Christianity in the year 302: first Christian soldiers had to leave the army, later the Church's property was confiscated and Christian books were destroyed. After two fires in Diocletian’s palace he took harder measures against Christians: they had either to apostatize or they were sentenced to death.

The "Liber Pontificalis", basing itself on the "Acts of St Marcellinus", the text of which is lost, relates that during Diocletian’s persecution Marcellinus was called upon to sacrifice, and offered incense to idols, but that, repenting shortly afterwards, he confessed the faith of Christ and suffered martyrdom with several companions. Other documents speak of his defection, and it is probably this lapse that explains the silence of the ancient liturgical calendars. In the beginning of the 5th century Petilianus, the Donatist bishop of Constantine, affirmed that Marcellinus and his priests had given up the holy books to the pagans during the persecution and offered incense to false gods. St Augustine contents himself with denying the affair. The records of the pseudo-council of Sinuessa, which were fabricated at the beginning of the 6th century, state that Marcellinus after his fall presented himself before a council, which refused to try him on the ground that "prima sedes a nemine iudicatur" ("The first See is judged by none").

According to the "Liber Pontificalis", Marcellinus was buried, on April 26, 304, in the cemetery of Priscilla, on the Via Salaria, 25 days after his martyrdom; the Liberian Catalogue gives as the date October 25. The fact of the martyrdom, too, is not established with certainty. After a considerable interregnum he was succeeded by Marcellus, with whom he has sometimes been confused. During his pontificate, Armenia became the first Christian nation in 301.

Saint Marcellinus' feast day is celebrated on April 26 along with that of Saint Cletus. The feast is properly commemorated as "Saints Cletus and Marcellinus, Popes and Martyrs".


External information

* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09637d.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "Pope St. Marcellinus"]

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