Pope Cornelius

Pope Cornelius

Infobox Pope
English name=Cornelius

term_start=March 6 or March 13, 251
term_end=June 253
successor=Lucius I
dead=dead|death_date=June 253
deathplace=Civita Vecchia, Italy|
infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Cornelius
dipstyle=His Holiness
offstyle=Your Holiness
relstyle=Holy Father

Pope Cornelius was pope from his election on 6 or 13 March, 251 to his martyrdom in June 253.


He was elected pope on either 6 or 13 March, 251 during the lull in the persecution of the Roman Emperor Decius. His election was opposed by Novatian, who maintained the view that not even the bishops could grant remission for grave sins such as murder, adultery, and apostasy, but that these could only be remitted at the Last Judgment; Cornelius on the contrary believed that bishops could grant remission for these grave sins. With the help of Cyprian, his party prevailed, and he was elected pope. Novatian fled Rome, but his followers organized into Novatianism, a sect considered heretical by the rest of Christianity.

In Cyprian's writings supporting Cornelius, it appears that the Roman church of the time had 155 clergy and supported through its efforts some 1500 widows and poor [Peter Brown, in "A History of Private Life: 1. From Pagan Rome to Byzantium", Paul Veyne, editor, page 270.]

After serving two years, under the emperor Trebonianus Gallus, he was exiled to Civita Vecchia, where he died in June 253.


In the Roman Catholic Church, he is commemorated along with Cyprian in a memorial on 16 September.

In iconography, Cornelius’ attribute was the horn (in reference to the Latin origin of his name –from “cornu,” “horn”). [ [http://www.heiligenlexikon.de/BiographienC/Cornelius.htm Cornelius - Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon] ] This could be either a battle horn or cow's horn. [ [http://saints.sqpn.com/saintc32.htm Patron Saints Index: Pope Saint Cornelius] ]

Some of his relics were taken to Germany during the Middle Ages; his head was claimed by Kornelimünster Abbey near Aachen. [ [http://www.heiligenlexikon.de/BiographienC/Cornelius.htm Cornelius - Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon] ] In the Rhineland, he was also a patron saint of lovers. [ [http://www.heiligenlexikon.de/BiographienC/Cornelius.htm Cornelius - Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon] ] A legend associated with Cornelius tells of a young artist who was commissioned to decorate the Corneliuskapelle in the Selikum quarter of Neuss. The daughter of a local townsman fell in love with the artist, but her father forbade the marriage, remarking that he would only consent if the pope did as well. Miraculously, the statue of Cornelius leaned forward from the altar and blessed the pair, and the two lovers were thus married. [ [http://www.heiligenlexikon.de/BiographienC/Cornelius.htm Cornelius - Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon] ]

Cornelius, along with Quirinus of Neuss, Hubertus and Anthony the Great, was venerated as one of the Four Holy Marshals in the Rhineland during the late Middle Ages. [ [http://www.heiligenlexikon.de/BiographienQ/Quirinus_von_Rom_von_Neuss.htm Quirinus von Rom (von Neuss) - Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon] ] [ [http://www.soetele.de/links/quellen/kalvarien/muhresoat/marschaelle/marschaelle.html marschaelle] ] [ [http://www.ahrdorf.de/html/body_die_kapelle.html Die Kapelle] ] [ [http://heimatbund-st-toenis.de/heilige.htm Heimatbund St.Tönis 1952 e.V] ]

He was also a patron saint of farmers and of cattle, and was invoked against epilepsy, cramps, afflictions associated with the nerves and ears. [ [http://www.heiligenlexikon.de/BiographienC/Cornelius.htm Cornelius - Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon] ]

A legend told at Carnac states that its stones were once pagan soldiers who had been turned into stone by Cornelius, who was fleeing from them. [ [http://news.therecord.com/Life/Travel/article/320293 TheRecord.com - Travel - Marvelling at Carnac's stones] ] [ [http://www.franceholidays.co.uk/france_holidays/brittany.php France Holidays, Brittany] ]


External links

* [http://www.seanmultimedia.com/Pie_Cornelius_I_Letters.html Letters of Pope Cornelius I]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pope Cornelius —     Pope Cornelius     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Cornelius     Martyr (251 to 253).     We may accept the statement of the Liberian catalogue that he reigned two years, three months, and ten days, for Lipsius, Lightfoot, and Harnack have… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cornelius, Pope — • Had to contend with the antipope Novatian. When persecution broke out, Cornelius was exiled, and he died a martyr in 253 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cornelius, Pope      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cornelius — Gender Male Origin Word/Name Latin Cornelius is a Roman family name and a masculine given name. It could be derived from Latin cornu horn .[1] People, places and things named Cornelius include …   Wikipedia

  • Cornelius (Bischof von Rom) — Cornelius († Juni 253 in Centumcellae heute Civitavecchia, Italien) war Bischof von Rom von März 251 bis Juni 253. Sein Name bedeutet „Der Hornträger“ (aus dem Lateinischen) oder rührt von dem altrömischen Geschlecht der Cornelier her.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cornelius (Papst) — Cornelius († Juni 253 in Centumcellae heute Civitavecchia, Italien) war Bischof von Rom von März 251 bis Juni 253. Sein Name bedeutet: der Hornträger (latein.) oder: aus dem altrömischen Geschlecht der Cornelier (latein.). Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pope St. Leo I (The Great) —     Pope St. Leo I (the Great)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Leo I (the Great)     (Reigned 440 61).     Place and date of birth unknown; died 10 November, 461. Leo s pontificate, next to that of St. Gregory I, is the most significant… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Lucius I — Infobox Pope English name=Saint Lucius I birth name=Lucius term start=June 25, 253 term end=March 5, 254 predecessor=Cornelius successor=Stephen I birth date=??? birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death date|254|3|5|mf=y deathplace=Rome …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Saint Lucius I —     Pope St. Lucius I     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Lucius I     (253 254); d. at Rome, 5 March, 254. After the death of St. Cornelius, who died in exile in the summer of 253, Lucius was chosen to fill his place, and consecrated Bishop… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cornelius, Saint — ▪ pope born , Rome died 253, Centumcellae, Italy; feast day September 16       pope from 251 to 253.       A Roman priest, he was elected during the lull in the persecution under Emperor Decius and after the papacy had been vacant for more than a …   Universalium

  • pope —     The Pope     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Pope     (Ecclesiastical Latin papa from Greek papas, a variant of pappas father, in classical Latin pappas Juvenal, Satires 6:633).     The title pope, once used with far greater latitude (see below …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.