Pope Lucius I


Pope Lucius I

Infobox Pope
English name=Saint Lucius I


birth_name=Lucius
term_start=June 25, 253
term_end=March 5, 254
predecessor=Cornelius
successor=Stephen I
birth_date=???
birthplace=Rome, Italy
dead=dead|death_date=death date|254|3|5|mf=y
deathplace=Rome, Italy
other=Lucius|
infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Lucius I
dipstyle=His Holiness
offstyle=Your Holiness
relstyle=Holy Father
deathstyle=Saint|

Pope Saint Lucius I was Pope from June 25, 253 to March 5, 254.

St. Lucius was born in Rome at an unknown date, nothing is known about his family except his father's name, Porphyrianus. He was elected probably on June 25, 253, and died on March 5, 254. His election took place during the persecution which caused the banishment of his predecessor Pope Cornelius, and he also was banished soon after his consecration, but succeeded in gaining permission to return.

He is praised in several letters of St. Cyprian (see Epist. lxviii. 5) for condemning the Novationists for their refusal to readmit to communion Christians who repented for having lapsed under persecution.

His feast day is on 5 March, on which date he is commemorated in the Roman Martyrology in the following terms: "In the cemetery of Callistus on the Via Appia, Rome, burial of Saint Lucius, Pope, successor of Saint Cornelius. For his faith in Christ he suffered exile and acted as an outstanding confessor of the faith, with moderation and prudence, in the difficult times that were his." [Romae via Appia in coemeterio Callisti, depositio sancti Lucii, papae, qui, sancti Cornelii successor, pro Christi fide exsilium passus est et, fidei confessor eximius, in angustiis tempestatibus suis moderatione ac prudentia se gessit ["Martyrologium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2001 ISBN 99-209-7210-7), die 5 martii] .]

His feast did not appear in the Tridentine Calendar of Pope Saint Pius V. In 1602 it was inserted, under the date of 4 March into the calendar of saints for use wherever the Roman Rite is celebrated. With the insertion in 1621 on the same date of the feast of Saint Casimir, the celebration of Pope Lucius was reduced to a commemoration with Saint Casimir's Mass. It remained so until 1969, when Pope Lucius's feast was moved in the Roman Martyrology to the day of his death and omitted from the General Calendar, partly because of the baselessness of the title of "martyr" with which he had previously been honoured. [Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), pp. 88 and 118]

In spite of what is mistakenly stated in the "Liber Pontificalis", he did not in fact suffer martyrdom. [ [http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=711 St. Lucius I] ; "There are no grounds for counting St Lucius among the martyrs, since he is listed in the "Depositio Episcoporum" ["Calendarium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1969), p. 118] ] The persecution of Valerian in which he was said to have been martyred is known to have started later than March 254, when Pope Lucius died.

His tombstone is still extant in the cemetery of St. Callixtus. His relics were later brought to the church of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere, along with the relics of St. Cecilia and others. His head is preserved in a reliquary in St. Ansgar Catholic Cathedral in Copenhagen, Denmark. This relic was brought to Roskilde around the year 1100, after St. Lucius had been declared patron of the Danish region Zealand. Pope St. Lucius' head is among the few relics to have survived the Reformation in Denmark.

References

External links

* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09411a.htm Catholic Encyclopedia Link]
* [http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/01_01_0253-0254-_Lucius_I,_Sanctus.html Opera Omnia]
*1911
*Schaff-Herzog


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pope Lucius II —     Pope Lucius II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Lucius II     (Gherardo Caccianemici dal Orso)     Born at Bologna, unknown date, died at Rome, 15 February, 1145. Before entering the Roman Curia he was a canon regular in Bologna. In 1124… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Lucius — has been the papal name of three popes of the Roman Catholic Church.*Pope Lucius I (253 254) *Pope Lucius II (1144 1145) *Pope Lucius III (1181 1185) See also * List of popes …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Lucius II — Infobox Pope English name=Lucius II birth name=Gherardo Caccianemici dal Orso term start=March 9, 1144 term end=February 15, 1145 predecessor=Celestine II successor=Eugene III birth date=??? birthplace= Bologna, Italy dead=dead|death date=death… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Lucius III —     Pope Lucius III     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Lucius III     (Ubaldo Allucingoli)     Born at Lucca, unknown date; died at Verona, 25 Notaember, 1185. Innocent II created him Cardinal Priest of Santa Prassede on 23 February, 1141, and… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Lucius III — Infobox Pope English name=Lucius III birth name=Ubaldo Allucingoli term start=September 1, 1181 term end=November 25, 1185 predecessor=Alexander III successor=Urban III birth date=1097 birthplace= Lucca, Italy dead=dead|death date=death… …   Wikipedia

  • Lucius II —     Pope Lucius II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Lucius II     (Gherardo Caccianemici dal Orso)     Born at Bologna, unknown date, died at Rome, 15 February, 1145. Before entering the Roman Curia he was a canon regular in Bologna. In 1124… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lucius — (abbreviated L.) is one of the small group of common forenames found in the culture of ancient Rome. It is derived from the latin word Lux ( Lux, Lucis ), meaning light ( …   Wikipedia

  • Lucius III —     Pope Lucius III     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Lucius III     (Ubaldo Allucingoli)     Born at Lucca, unknown date; died at Verona, 25 Notaember, 1185. Innocent II created him Cardinal Priest of Santa Prassede on 23 February, 1141, and… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Blessed Eugene III —     Pope Blessed Eugene III     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Blessed Eugene III     Bernardo Pignatelli, born in the neighbourhood of Pisa, elected 15 Feb., 1145; d. at Tivoli, 8 July, 1151. On the very day that Pope Lucius II succumbed, either …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Adrian IV — Adrian IV Papacy began 4 December 1154 Papacy ended 1 September 1159 Predecessor Anastasius IV …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.