- Pope Lucius I
English name=Saint Lucius I
June 25, 253
March 5, 254
other=Lucius| infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Lucius I
Pope Saint Lucius I was
Popefrom June 25, 253to March 5, 254.
St. Lucius was born in
Romeat an unknown date, nothing is known about his family except his father's name, Porphyrianus. He was elected probably on June 25, 253, and died on March 5, 254. His election took place during the persecution which caused the banishment of his predecessor Pope Cornelius, and he also was banished soon after his consecration, but succeeded in gaining permission to return.
He is praised in several letters of St. Cyprian (see Epist. lxviii. 5) for condemning the Novationists for their refusal to readmit to communion Christians who repented for having lapsed under persecution.
feast dayis on 5 March, on which date he is commemorated in the Roman Martyrologyin the following terms: "In the cemetery of Callistus on the Via Appia, Rome, burial of Saint Lucius, Pope, successor of Saint Cornelius. For his faith in Christ he suffered exile and acted as an outstanding confessor of the faith, with moderation and prudence, in the difficult times that were his." [Romae via Appia in coemeterio Callisti, depositio sancti Lucii, papae, qui, sancti Cornelii successor, pro Christi fide exsilium passus est et, fidei confessor eximius, in angustiis tempestatibus suis moderatione ac prudentia se gessit ["Martyrologium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2001 ISBN 99-209-7210-7), die 5 martii] .]
His feast did not appear in the
Tridentine Calendarof Pope Saint Pius V. In 1602 it was inserted, under the date of 4 Marchinto the calendar of saints for use wherever the Roman Riteis celebrated. With the insertion in 1621 on the same date of the feast of Saint Casimir, the celebration of Pope Lucius was reduced to a commemoration with Saint Casimir's Mass. It remained so until 1969, when Pope Lucius's feast was moved in the Roman Martyrologyto the day of his death and omitted from the General Calendar, partly because of the baselessness of the title of "martyr" with which he had previously been honoured. [Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), pp. 88 and 118]
In spite of what is mistakenly stated in the "Liber Pontificalis", he did not in fact suffer martyrdom. [ [http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=711 St. Lucius I] ; "There are no grounds for counting St Lucius among the martyrs, since he is listed in the "Depositio Episcoporum" ["Calendarium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1969), p. 118] ] The persecution of Valerian in which he was said to have been martyred is known to have started later than March 254, when Pope Lucius died.
His tombstone is still extant in the cemetery of
St. Callixtus. His relics were later brought to the church of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere, along with the relics of St. Ceciliaand others. His head is preserved in a reliquaryin St. Ansgar Catholic Cathedral in Copenhagen, Denmark. This relic was brought to Roskildearound the year 1100, after St. Lucius had been declared patron of the Danish region Zealand. Pope St. Lucius' head is among the few relics to have survived the Reformation in Denmark.
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09411a.htm Catholic Encyclopedia Link]
* [http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/01_01_0253-0254-_Lucius_I,_Sanctus.html Opera Omnia]
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