- Slains Castle
:"Slains redirects here; note that the term can also be used to refer to the general area surrounding the castleLocation map|Scotland
caption=Location of Slains Castle
New Slains Castle is a
ruined castlenear Cruden Bayin Aberdeenshire, Scotland, overlooking the North Sea.
The remains stand perched atop tall, sea-facing cliffs, constructed around an existing
tower housebuilt in 1597 by the 9th Earl of Erroll. Significant reconstruction of the castle has been carried out a number of times, lastly in 1837. It was altered in 1664 when a corridor was inserted within the courtyard and again in 1836 it was rebuilt and granite faced. At one time it had three extensive gardens.
The Earls of Erroll, the Hay family, were a powerful family in the area for generations and prospered after William George Hay, the 18th Earl of Errol, married the daughter of
King William IV. The 9th Hay Earl of Erroll built it after James VIhad destroyed his castle at Old Slains at Cruden Bay, after the Hays participated in the rebellion of 1594. But over time misfortunes befell the Hays and in 1916 the castle and contents were put up for sale.
The castle was then sold in 1916 and fell into disrepair in the first quarter of the 20th century, after more than 300 years of occupation by the Errolls. The castle was bought by
Sir John Ellermanof the shipping line. He in turn gave it up in 1925 and its roof was removed to avoid paying taxes. That led to the inevitable ruin seen today.Once a major stronghold and occupying a large area, it consisted of a massive 15th century keep, a fragment of which survives, and a courtyard defended by ditches. The castle was originally a property of the Comyns but passed to the Hay Earls of Erroll early in the 14th century.
In the late 19th century, the 19th Earl of Erroll entertained many celebrities at the castle. It is documented to be
Bram Stoker's inspiration for the castle of Count Dracula. In 1948, the Earl of Erroll accorded the title Slains Pursuivantto his newly revived private officer of armsand appointed Michael Maclaganto the position. The current holder of the office, Peter Drummond-Murray of Mastrick is a retired banker and an authority on heraldry.
Bram Stoker was staying in a local hotel in Cruden Bay when he heard of Slains Castle - which he saw as 'the castle of the dead' and was inspired to write his novel, "Dracula".
The ruin of the 13th century
Old Slains Castle[ [http://www.clanhay.net/CASTLES/OldSlains.php Slains - Clan Hay Website ] ] lie about 6 miles to the Southwest. The older castle, also a family seat of the Errolls, was blown up by James VI as a punishment for their part in the 1597 plot by the Earl of Huntly against him.
At first inspection the ruin appears to be a blend of several different architectural styles and periods, due to diverse
masonryincluding older mortared granite, mortared medievalred brick, mortared sandstone and newer well faced granite. In fact most of the architecture seems to derive from a rather cohesive interval 1597 to 1664, which construction is the most expansive and includes the mortared rough granite and medieval brick. The 1836 work adds smoother granite facing that contrasts with the older construction style.
The defensive works of the castle include use of the
North Seacliffs, an abyss to the west that functions as a deep impassable moatand a ruined rampartthat would have been the main entrance on the south [C.Michael Hogan, " Architectureof New Slains Castle, Scotland", Lumina Technologies, August, 2005] . The ruins include reasonably well preserved elements of three and four story structural elements and a basement course over some of the range, especially at the eastern side. There are well preserved basement kitchen works with numerous firepits and masonry indented storage spaces.
The internal doorways are primarily of well preserved wooden
lintelconstruction, with numerous examples of mortared sandstonearchways and medieval brickwork archways. The interior of the ground level is a maze of passageways and smaller rooms, reflecting a high state of occupancy in 17th century times.
Conversion into holiday homes
In October 2007, it was announced that the ruins of New Slains Castle have been fenced-off to the public prior to their conversion into holiday homes by the Slains Partnership. [Press & Journal, 12th October 2007 http://www.thisisaberdeen.co.uk/displayNode.jsp?nodeId=148331&command=displayContent&sourceNode=148314&contentPK=18652616&moduleName=InternalSearch&formname=sidebarsearch]
* [http://www.aboutaberdeen.com/slainscastle.php Photographic history of Slains Castle]
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