Slains Castle


Slains Castle

:"Slains redirects here; note that the term can also be used to refer to the general area surrounding the castleLocation map|Scotland
label=
background=white
lat=57.443
long=-1.806
caption=Location of Slains Castle
float=right
width=200

New Slains Castle is a ruined castle near Cruden Bay in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, overlooking the North Sea.

The remains stand perched atop tall, sea-facing cliffs, constructed around an existing tower house built in 1597 by the 9th Earl of Erroll. Significant reconstruction of the castle has been carried out a number of times, lastly in 1837. It was altered in 1664 when a corridor was inserted within the courtyard and again in 1836 it was rebuilt and granite faced. At one time it had three extensive gardens.

History

The Earls of Erroll, the Hay family, were a powerful family in the area for generations and prospered after William George Hay, the 18th Earl of Errol, married the daughter of King William IV. The 9th Hay Earl of Erroll built it after James VI had destroyed his castle at Old Slains at Cruden Bay, after the Hays participated in the rebellion of 1594. But over time misfortunes befell the Hays and in 1916 the castle and contents were put up for sale.

The castle was then sold in 1916 and fell into disrepair in the first quarter of the 20th century, after more than 300 years of occupation by the Errolls. The castle was bought by Sir John Ellerman of the shipping line. He in turn gave it up in 1925 and its roof was removed to avoid paying taxes. That led to the inevitable ruin seen today.Once a major stronghold and occupying a large area, it consisted of a massive 15th century keep, a fragment of which survives, and a courtyard defended by ditches. The castle was originally a property of the Comyns but passed to the Hay Earls of Erroll early in the 14th century.

In the late 19th century, the 19th Earl of Erroll entertained many celebrities at the castle. It is documented to be Bram Stoker's inspiration for the castle of Count Dracula. In 1948, the Earl of Erroll accorded the title Slains Pursuivant to his newly revived private officer of arms and appointed Michael Maclagan to the position. The current holder of the office, Peter Drummond-Murray of Mastrick is a retired banker and an authority on heraldry.

Bram Stoker was staying in a local hotel in Cruden Bay when he heard of Slains Castle - which he saw as 'the castle of the dead' and was inspired to write his novel, "Dracula".

The ruin of the 13th century Old Slains Castle [ [http://www.clanhay.net/CASTLES/OldSlains.php Slains - Clan Hay Website ] ] lie about 6 miles to the Southwest. The older castle, also a family seat of the Errolls, was blown up by James VI as a punishment for their part in the 1597 plot by the Earl of Huntly against him.

Architecture

At first inspection the ruin appears to be a blend of several different architectural styles and periods, due to diverse masonry including older mortared granite, mortared medieval red brick, mortared sandstone and newer well faced granite. In fact most of the architecture seems to derive from a rather cohesive interval 1597 to 1664, which construction is the most expansive and includes the mortared rough granite and medieval brick. The 1836 work adds smoother granite facing that contrasts with the older construction style.

The defensive works of the castle include use of the North Sea cliffs, an abyss to the west that functions as a deep impassable moat and a ruined rampart that would have been the main entrance on the south [C.Michael Hogan, "Architecture of New Slains Castle, Scotland", Lumina Technologies, August, 2005] . The ruins include reasonably well preserved elements of three and four story structural elements and a basement course over some of the range, especially at the eastern side. There are well preserved basement kitchen works with numerous firepits and masonry indented storage spaces.

The internal doorways are primarily of well preserved wooden lintel construction, with numerous examples of mortared sandstone archways and medieval brickwork archways. The interior of the ground level is a maze of passageways and smaller rooms, reflecting a high state of occupancy in 17th century times.

Conversion into holiday homes

In October 2007, it was announced that the ruins of New Slains Castle have been fenced-off to the public prior to their conversion into holiday homes by the Slains Partnership. [Press & Journal, 12th October 2007 http://www.thisisaberdeen.co.uk/displayNode.jsp?nodeId=148331&command=displayContent&sourceNode=148314&contentPK=18652616&moduleName=InternalSearch&formname=sidebarsearch]

External links

* [http://www.aboutaberdeen.com/slainscastle.php Photographic history of Slains Castle]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • New Slains Castle — Coordinates: 57°24′54″N 1°49′57″W / 57.4151°N 1.832575°W / 57.4151; 1.832575 Slains redirects here; note that the term can also be …   Wikipedia

  • Old Slains Castle — Coordinates: 57°21′40″N 1°54′50″W / 57.361°N 1.914°W / 57.361; 1.914 Old Slains Castle (otherwise known as Old …   Wikipedia

  • Slains and Forvie —    SLAINS and FORVIE, a parish, in the county of Aberdeen, 5 miles (E. by S.) from Ellon; containing, with the villages of Collieston and Oldcastle, 1211 inhabitants. This parish, which is situated on the shore of the German Ocean, received an… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Замок Слэйнс — (англ. Slains) расположен в Шотландии …   Википедия

  • Clan Hay — Crest badge Crest: Issuing out of a crest coronet a falcon volant Proper, armed, jessed and belted Or Motto: SERVA JUGUM Slogan: A Ha …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des châteaux d'Aberdeenshire — Situation de l Aberdeenshire au sein de l Écosse. Cette liste recense les principaux châteaux du council area d Aberdeenshire en Écosse. Nom Type Date Condition …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cruden Bay — Coordinates: 57°25′02″N 1°51′09″W / 57.417254°N 1.852485°W / 57.417254; 1.852485 …   Wikipedia

  • Mary Hay, 14th Countess of Erroll — Mary Hay, suo jure Countess of Erroll (died 19 August 1758), 18th Hereditary Lord High Constable and Knight Marischal of Scotland, and 14th Countess of Erroll, was the Senior Great Officer among the Royal Officers of Scotland and Chief of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Burgen und Schlösser in Schottland — Diese Liste führt Burgen und Schlösser in Schottland auf. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Erklärung zur Liste 2 Literatur 3 Weblinks 4 Einzelnachweise …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clan Cumming — or Comyn Crest badge …   Wikipedia