Apollodorus


Apollodorus

:"Apollodorus was a common Greek name. This article deals with the historian and mythographer.:"For the Greco-Syrian architect, see Apollodorus of Damascus. For other men of the same name see Apollodorus (disambiguation)." :"Not to be confused with Pseudo-Apollodorus, the author of the Bibliotheke."

Apollodorus of Athens (Greek: Ἀπολλόδωρος ὁ Ἀθηναῖος; born ca. 180 BC, died after 120 BC) son of Asclepiades, was a Greek scholar and grammarian. He was a pupil of Diogenes of Babylon, Panaetius the Stoic, and the grammarian Aristarchus of Samothrace. He left, or fled, Alexandria around BC 146, most likely for Pergamum, and eventually settled in Athens.

Literary works

* "Chronicle" ("Χρονικά"), a Greek history in verse from the fall of Troy in the 12th century BC to roughly BC 143 (although later it was extended as far as 109 BC), and based on previous works by Eratosthenes of Cyrene. Its dates are reckoned by its references to the archons of Athens. As most archons only held office for one year, scholars have been able to pin down the years to which Apollodorus was referring. The poem is written in comic trimeters and is dedicated to Attalus II Philadelphus.
* "On the Gods" ("Περὶ θεῶν"), a detailed history of Greek religion, heavily depended on by later writers, such as Philodemus.
* A twelve-book essay about Homer's Catalogue of Ships, also based on Eratosthenes of Cyrene and Demetrius of Scepsis, dealing with Homeric geography and how it has changed along the centuries. Strabo relied greatly on this for books 8 through 10 of his own "Geographica".
* Other possible works include an early (possibly the earliest by an Alexandrian writer), and analyses of the poets Epicharmus of Kos and Sophron.
* Apollodorus produced numerous other critical and grammatical writings, which have not survived.
* His eminence as a scholar gave rise to several imitations, forgeries and misattributions. The encyclopedia of Greek mythology called "Bibliotheca", or "Library", was traditionally attributed to him, but it cannot be his; it cites authors who wrote centuries later. Today the author of the "Bibliotheca" is called Pseudo-Apollodorus.

References

*cite encyclopedia
last = Hornblower
first = Simon
authorlink =
title = Apollodorus (6) of Athens
encyclopedia = The Oxford Classical Dictionary
volume =
pages = 124
publisher = Oxford University Press
location = Oxford
date = 1996
url =
accessdate =

*cite encyclopedia
last = Smith
first = W.
authorlink =
title =
encyclopedia = Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
volume = Vol. 1, p. 234
pages = 1093
publisher = Walton & Maberly
location = London
date = 1861
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=YycBAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA234&dq=Panaetius+Apollodorus&as_brr=1#PPR3,M1
accessdate =

Other sources

* [http://www.attalus.org/translate/chronicles.html Greek Chronicles in translation]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • APOLLODORUS — I. APOLLODORUS Archon Athenis, Olymp. 107. an. 3. II. APOLLODORUS Atheniensis Grammaticus, Asclepiadis fil. Panaetii Rhodii Philosophi et Aristarchi Grammatici discipulus. Primus genus metri Triambici invenit, uti testatur Suidas. Scripsit quoque …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Apollodorus — Apollodoros (griechisch), Apollodorus (latinisiert) oder Apollodor (eingedeutscht) war in der Antike ein häufiger griechischer Name. Bekannte Namensträger sind: Politiker Politiker des 4. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. in Athen, siehe Apollodor (Politiker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Apollodorus — ▪ Greek artist flourished 5th century BC       Athenian painter thought to have been the first to gradate light and colour, that is, to shade his paintings. For this reason he was known, in his own day, as “Sciagraphos,” or “Shadow Painter.”… …   Universalium

  • Apollodorus — /əpɒləˈdɔrəs/ (say uhpoluh dawruhs) noun died c. AD 130, Greek architect and engineer; designed Trajan s column …   Australian English dictionary

  • Apollodorus (disambiguation) — Apollodorus was a popular name in ancient Greece. It may refer to:*Apollodorus of Athens (born c. 180 BC), historian and mythographer *The Pseudo Apollodorus, author of the Bibliotheca *Apollodorus (painter), an Athenian painter, who lived at the …   Wikipedia

  • Apollodorus of Acharnae — Apollodorus (Greek: polytonic|Ἀπολλόδωρος, Apollodōros ) of Acharnae in Attica (born 394 BCE) is known from several of Demosthenes forensic speeches. Apollodorus was the son of the banker Pasion, who died in 370 BCE when Apollodorus was twenty… …   Wikipedia

  • Apollodorus of Damascus — was a Greek [Encyclopaedia Britannica [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article 9008022/Apollodorus Of Damascus Greek engineer and architect who worked primarily for the Roman emperor Trajan (reigned 98–117). ] ] or Syrian [George Sarton (1936). The… …   Wikipedia

  • Apollodorus of Artemita — was a Greek writer of the 1st century BCE. Apollodorus wrote a history of the Parthian Empire ( Parthika ) in at least four books. He is quoted by Strabo and Athenaeus. Strabo stated that he was very reliable. Apollodorus seems to have used the… …   Wikipedia

  • Apollodorus of Seleucia — Apollodorus ( el. Ἀπολλόδωρος) of Seleucia, (flourished c. 150 BC), was a Stoic philosopher, and a pupil of Diogenes of Babylon.He wrote a number of handbooks ( el. εισαγωγαι) on Stoicism, including ones on Ethics and Physics which are frequently …   Wikipedia

  • Apollodorus of Carystus — in Euboea was one of the most important writers of the Attic New Comedy, who flourished in Athens between 300 and 260 B.C. He is to be distinguished from the older Apollodorus of Gela (342 mdash;290), also a writer of comedy, a contemporary of… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.