- United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission
United Nations Iraq- KuwaitObservation Mission, was established on April 9, 1991following the Gulf Warby Security Council resolution 689 (1991) and fully deployed by early May.
The task of the 300 military observers was to monitor the
demilitarized zone(DMZ) along the Iraq-Kuwait border and the Khawr 'Abd Allah waterway, deter border violations and report any hostile action. In February 1993, the mandate was extended to include physical action to prevent violations and the force was expanded to an intended three mechanized infantry battalions plus support.
The mandate of UNIKOM was completed on
October 6, 2003.
The force's headquarters were in
Umm Qasr, Iraq, within the DMZ. The maximum strength of the force was 1,187 on February 28, 1995. At the time of the withdrawal on September 30, 2003there were four military observers and 131 civilian staff. During the mission there were 18 fatalities.
Argentina, Austria, Bangladesh(including the mechanized infantry battalion), Canada, Chile, China, Denmark, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Kenya, Malaysia, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation( Soviet Unionbefore December 24, 1991), Senegal, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguayand Venezuela
* [In addition, during the setting-up phase (April–June
1991), UNIKOM included five infantry companies, drawn from UNFICYPand UNIFIL. Those troops were provided by Austria, Denmark, Fiji, Ghanaand Nepal. There was also a medical unit from Norway and a logistic company from Sweden.]
Jan Bury, "The UN Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission", "
International Peacekeeping", Volume 10, Number 2 (Summer 2003), pp. 71-88.
Kuwait/Iraq Separation barrier
* [http://www.un.org/Depts/DPKO/Missions/unikom/unikom_body.htm UNIKOM]
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