- John III of Gaeta
John III (died 1008 or 1009) was the
consuland duke of Gaetafrom some time between October 984 and January 986 until his death.
He was the eldest son of Marinus II, who succeeded his brother Gregory in 978 and immediately appointed John as co-duke in order to assure his inheritance, as the precedent of fraternal inheritance had been set by the sons of Docibilis II. John's reign began with his father's death. In 991, John appointed his own son co-ruler as John IV.
The territory of the duchy had been parcelled out to many brothers. John's brother Leo inherited the duchy of
Fondiin 992. Another brother, Marinus, was associated as "dux" in Fondi in 999. Also in 992, John's brothers Gregory and Daufer appeared as counts in Castro d'Argentoand Traetto. In 997, another brother, Bernard, became bishop of Gaeta. John was able to maintain peace between himself and his powerful brothers and other relatives throughout his reign.
In January 998, he sojourned in the monastery of
Saint Nilus the Younger. In 999, Emperor Otto IIIconfirmed the independence of the various appanages of Gaeta (Fondi, Traetto, etc.). Despite this great reduction to direct Gaetan power, his brothers remained faithful to John and even treated him as the first among equals. On 15 October, Otto granted him the castle of Pontecorvoin recognition of his loyalty (he seems to have become a vassal of the Holy Roman Empire) and his participation in Otto's campaigns against Naplesand Capua.
John last appears in the documentary record in August 1008, and presumably died not long thereafter. He was succeeded by his son and namesake. His wife, Emilia, later held the regency for his grandson, John V.
*Caravale, Mario (ed). "Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani LV Ginammi – Giovanni da Crema".
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
John IV of Gaeta — John IV (died April or August 1012) was the eldest son of John III of Gaeta who was appointed co duke in 991 while still young (he was a minor even in 994). John succeeded his father in 1008 or 1009 and ruled for a brief four years. John married… … Wikipedia
John III — may refer to:People* Pope John III, Pope from 561 to his death in 574. * John Scholasticus, Patriarch of Constantinople from 565 to his death in 577. * John III Rizocopo, Exarch of Ravenna from 710 to 711. * John III of Naples, Duke from 928 to… … Wikipedia
John III of Naples — John III (died late 968/early 969) was the longest reigning Duke of Naples (928 ndash;968). He was the son and successor of Marinus I. At the beginning of his reign, he warred against the Saracens and then made a treaty with them after they… … Wikipedia
John II of Amalfi — John II [Also John III. The enumeration of the dukes of Amalfi has never been settled upon.] was the duke of Amalfi from 1029 to 1069 with multiple interruptions. He was the son of Sergius II [Also Sergius III.] and Maria, sister of Pandulf IV of … Wikipedia
John II — may refer to:People* John Papa Īī * John of Cappadocia (died 520), Patriarch of Constantinople. * Pope John II, Pope from 533 until his death in 535. * John II Platinus (died 702), Exarch of Ravenna. * John II of Naples (died 919). * John II of… … Wikipedia
John IV of Naples — This article is about the duke, secular ruler of the city, for the patron saint and bishop, see John IV, Bishop of Naples .John IV was the mostly absentee duke of Naples from 997 to after 1002. He was the son and successor of Sergius III. John IV … Wikipedia
Leo II of Gaeta — Leo II [The enumeration of the rulers of Gaeta is not standardised and Leo sometimes appears as Leo I.] was the regent and tutor of John V of Gaeta in opposition to his own mother, Emilia, from 1014 to January 1025. He undersigned documents as… … Wikipedia
List of Hypati and Dukes of Gaeta — This is a list of the hypati, patricians, consuls, and dukes of Gaeta. Many of the dates are uncertain and sometimes the status of the rulership, with co rulers and suzerain vassal relations, is vague. Contents 1 Greek Dynasty 1.1 Hypati 1.2… … Wikipedia
Marinus II of Gaeta — Marinus II was the son of Docibilis II of Gaeta and Orania of Naples. He was made dux of Fondi by his father and his elder brother John II recognised this title. After his brother Gregory, who succeeded John, died, Marinus succeeded to the duchy… … Wikipedia
Pope Alexander III — Alexander III Papacy began September 7, 1159 Papacy ended August 30, 1181 Predecessor Adrian IV … Wikipedia